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Mormonism of today is like a glow stick, exposing it's hidden cracks makes the glow. 42 Reasons (Part 2 of 2)

2020.10.06 22:14 BringATwenty Mormonism of today is like a glow stick, exposing it's hidden cracks makes the glow. 42 Reasons (Part 2 of 2)

  1. After the 8 year long revolutionary war ended in 1783, the "United States of America" still faltered countless times in the following decades. Easterly landlocked colonial territories outlined on paper as "States" could not come together as "One Nation". Different military's, militias, brotherhoods, factions, factions within factions, slavery and counterfeit money bred constant chaos. For many periods over those following decades attacks from Great Britain, Spain, France, Mexico and the warring Indian tribes they supplied meant the easterly landlocked territories were doomed to be conquered by one nation or another. (Even Russia had a trade presence on the west coast) Year in and year out, every day and every night, every primitive, easterly landlocked, colonial territory's survival was threatened. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
  2. The Nation needed to expand West to save Freedom but the unorganized military was spread too thin. Some settlers made progress with peaceful Native American tribes yet wagon trains of settlers who dared to venture West were still violently slaughtered by warring Indian tribes. Young, old, no one was spared. Stories of the violent massacres kept many settlers held up in the landlocked territories. Other's fled back to England. Still others came. (1) (2)
  3. The guiding hand of a centuries old Scottish Brotherhood can be seen throughout the USA's founding decades. Known founding fathers George Washington (1732-1799), Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), Paul Revere (1735-1818), John Hancock (1736-1793) and others were members of the Brotherhood's different factions within factions spread across the territories. Hidden history reveals so much more about these founding fathers than many know. For example, George Washington still owned 300 slaves upon his death. Paul Revere was a master of metals and an entrepreneur and his clients included the US Government (1) (2). Dynamic Oligarch, Governor, Inventor and swimmer Benjamin Franklin (1) (2) might one day go down in history as a colonial version of Bruce Wayne/Batman. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5))
  4. Faraway on the other side of the globe, during the same time the revolutionary war was going on, England's Captain James Cook, a global explorer and close associate of the Brotherhood, led the discovery of what would become Hawaii. He saw firsthand how polygamy could grow a nation quickly. Word of the native island people and their bounty of ancestral legends, ocean going stories and treasure traveled around the globe and throughout the Brotherhood's ranks on both sides of the Atlantic. Among the native's Cook and his crew were first revered as immortals but about a year later Cook was attacked and killed as an imposter. This did not phase other explorers and visitors. Travel by ship to the islands became so familiar during colonial times that when conquering Hawaiian King Kamehameha passed away his drunken son LihoLiho, who carried the King's title in name only, traded away a substantial portion of the island's treasures for a yacht built by a Salem, Massachusetts family prominent in seafaring, politics and the military (Crowninshield). After the yacht reached the islands in 1820 it was extensively and expensively remodeled under LihoLiho's orders. It suspiciously sank in a Kauai bay less than two years later and LihoLiho suspiciously died on a peculiar, ill fated trip to Great Britain in 1824. (1) (2) (3)
  5. In the failing US Territories of the late 1700's and early 1800's, patriotic leaders prayed and planned and searched for ways to save the failed Nation. Guidance was sought. Plans were constantly suggested and evaluated. Different members of the Brotherhood secretly suggested laying the foundation for a massive religious following built by polygamy to successfully pave the way West so the failed Nation could expand and be saved.
  6. During this critical time, at least 14 stories of different people having similar "religious" experiences popped up around the territories. None of them created a great following. (1)
  7. During the 34 years spanning 1787-1821, the US's first 24 easterly landlocked states were formed on paper. However, 61% of these states were formed during the first 16 years of that period. For the last 18 years of that period, the pace of forming states had come to a violent halt with only 7 being formed. The chaotic territory known on paper as the "USA" was on the doorstep of imminent failure and what would become a quarter century blight where only two more states would be formed on paper. (1821-1845) (1)
  8. That 1821-1845 time period coincidentally also covers 99.9% of the time that the published, foundational beginnings of "Mormonism" occurred. 1820 is the published year of Joseph Smith's First Vision. 1847 is the published year Brigham Young strategically ordered his west coast bound following to suddenly stop in Mexico Territory at an enormous salt filled lake smack dab in the center of the American continent's untamed West. Even though it was in Mexico Territory at the time, the location of this Great Salt Lake was perfectly centralized in the continent's West and could serve as the doorstep to how the West could be won. Over the next 20 years after Brigham Young's arrival an estimated 60,000-70,000 faithful pioneers would follow. Many were followers of Mormonism. Many practiced polygamy. Many would be sent in all direction of the West to faithfully colonize strategic territories and pave the way for the Nation's armies (1).
  9. For nearly 195 years, Mormonism has surreptitiously weaved historical claims about a man named "Martin Harris" (1783-1875). Mormonism claims Harris was a humble farmer who's greedy wife left him after he mortgaged their family farm to faithfully pay today's equivalent of hundreds of thousands of dollars for the first publishing of the boy Joseph Smith's "The Book of Mormon" and that shortly after that economic failure and other critical founding roles Harris lost faith in Mormonism but later rejoined Mormonism in Utah at the very end of his 92 year long life. (1)) (2) Hidden history reveals that these claims about Harris ARE EXACTLY HOW HE WANTED IT. The purveyors of Mormonism go to great lengths to perpetuate these myths about Harris even today. If you don't accept the boy "Joseph Smith" as a child prophet who grew into a man prophet, Harris' purveyors of Mormonism want you to hate Joseph Smith as an impossible genius-con artist-pedophile so you fail to see the truth of who Harris really was and what Harris really did.
  10. "History is written by the victor" and the past two centuries demonstrate that Harris definitely was the victor. This is because in reality Harris' "greedy wife" "Lucy" was actually his child cousin. Yes she was a child. Yes she was his first cousin. She was 15 and he was 25 when he forced her to marry him. Yet within Mormonism story after story leaves this critical detail out. Additionally for one reason or another Lucy became partially deaf over the next 20 years. There is also at least one report that in addition to sexually abusing this child Harris also physically abused her. This is an indication of Harris' proclivity to control children. Harris eventually fathered 6 children) through Lucy's nubile womb. 28 years later and after being physically separated from Harris for years, Lucy suspiciously died at the age of 42. Weeks later then 52 year old Harris married 21 year old Caroline Young. A niece of Brigham Young. He fathered 7 children through here nubile womb.
  11. Like the Crowninshield's and other influential families throughout critical parts of the chaotic New England territories, The Harris family was also wealthy, well connected and zealously patriotic. With his father Nathan Harris, and his brothers (Emer and Preserved) Martin controlled hundreds of productive acres in the Palmyra, New York region with complex operations producing a river of revenue from livestock and linen. Martin Harris' father Nathan Harris and mother Rhoda Lapham Harris originally moved the Harris family to the Palmyra, New York area in 1796, 20 years before the poverty stricken Smith's would arrive practically on Harris' doorstep. (1) (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)
  12. The white linen Martin produced was so exceptional that he won several awards for it. Since Mormonism's beginning days, the wearing of multiple layers of white clothing has been expected of followers. For decades manufacturing this clothing and selling it to followers has been a secret, multi-million dollar industry for Mormonism. The white clothing includes under garments for daily wear by males and females as well as outer garments for wear in private ceremonies. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)
  13. Harris was a zealous patriot. At 29 years old, four years after forcing his child cousin to marry him, he began regularly leaving his life of power, wealth and marriage as a "Harris" to regularly fight during the 3 years of "The War of 1812". ( "The War of 1812" was actually "The War of 1812-1815".) Harris was recognized as a leader and an honored war veteran at war's end. As an honored war veteran, is it safe to suggest that he became familiar with killing in the name of patriotism as wars require of brave men and women (1) ?
  14. Harris was a convincing story teller. He once got people to donate money for what he claimed would be used to support the Christian Greeks fighting the Turks. He also claimed Jesus appeared to him in the form of a deer and walked with him for a couple miles. He also claimed an incident regarding a flickering candle was the work of the devil. (1) (2))
  15. After the War of 1812, the well respected, wealthy, influential, honored, 33 year old Martin Harris was nominated to be "Road Overseer" in the Palmyra region. A position he controlled for the next 7 years. This included the 7 years it took to finally construct New England's Eerie Canal.
  16. The dynamic Harris was an influential supporter of the Eerie Canal and it's possible route. Harris made sure the route passed by he and his father's lands. This would expand their river of cash and operations to the eastern territories in exponential ways. This river of cash would be used by many to finance business and patriotic endeavors in the failed Nation. (1) Prior to the Eerie Canal "New York" was way down on the list of in-demand territorial ports. Historical economist's acknowledge that the Eerie Canal made New York the leading port and global economic powerhouse that it has been for nearly two centuries.
  17. The boy Joseph Smith Jr. was born December 23, 1805. The poverty stricken Smith family relocated 8 times in the chaotic New England area during Joseph's Smith Jr.'s first 10 years. If they were in Europe they may have been referred to as "gypsys". With Great Britain's latest attack and eventual retreat underway after the War of 1812, the Smith family with it's many sons of working age moved to Palmyra in 1816 in search of work on the controversial, to be built "Eerie Canal". (To this day, published Mormon history acts as if the Eerie Canal doesn't exist.)
  18. During these colonial decades, almost 1 in 5 children did not survive their first year. The Smith family was no exception. Although some children are not listed here in 1816 the living and to-be-born members of Smith family included Joseph Smith Sr. (father, 45, d. 1840), Lucy Mack Smith (Mother, 41, d. 1856), Alvin Smith (son, 18, d. 1823), Hyrum Smith (son, 16, d. 1844), Sophronia (daughter, 13, d. 1876), Joseph Smith Jr. (son, 10, d. 1844), Samuel Smith (son, 8 d. 1844), William Smith (son, 5, d. 1894), Katherine Smith (daughter, 3, d. 1900), Don Carlos (son, newborn, d. 1841). Lucy Smith would be born 5 years later, d. 1882). Shortly after arriving in the Palmyra region, the poverty stricken, uneducated Smith family took over a primitive cabin less than 1 mile from Harris's lands that bordered the future route of Eerie Canal. This was the Smith family's 8th move in Joseph Smith Jr.'s 10 years. After moving so many times, they absolutely moved here to gain work on the Eerie Canal. This move would be the families last. Mother Lucy Smith would bury all but one Smith male during the first 25 years of Mormonism's beginnings. (1)
  19. Harris was 22 years older than Joseph Smith. As a well known, wealthy local and "Road Overseer" who regularly hired local boys and men to work on his own lands, Harris met the Smith family with it's many sons around 1816 when Smith's moved to Palmyra. Harris did not live within 1 mile of the Smith family for 8 or 10 years before meeting them as Mormon history weaves. Harris likely learned of the arrival of the Smith family within days of their arrival to Palmyra through longtime Palmyra residents including the resident who owned the tiny primitive cabin the large Smith family moved into. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black, map, page 6)
  20. Within published Mormonism there are also conflicting accounts spanning three violent chaotic colonial years when Martin Harris met "Joseph Smith". Some accounts claim it was 1824, some claim it was 1827. This would have been when Joseph Smith was 18...or 21. Another ignored, critical discrepancy. (1) (2)
  21. In the early 1800, as years of chaotic uncertainty unfolded, for one reason or another Harris appropriated the Brotherhood's patriotic goals for the Nation for himself. Among other things he knew of the other religious experiences told by others around the territories. (Harris would eventually become related by marriage to one of the story tellers). Harris saw that a young mans voice was needed for a following to catch on. For that, the powerful Harris chose a young many to be a voice of his own. This voice was that of 18 year old Alvin Smith). However, as Harris laid the ground work for his patriotic cause over the next 4 years, headstrong Alvin resisted. Because Hyrum was also older than 18 after those 4 years and like Alvin would have been privy to some of the Brotherhood's publishing's and ceremonies that Harris borrowed (or stole) from, Harris skipped choosing Hyrum as a potential "voice" and chose Joseph, the dynamic, naïve, uneducated, friendly, 14 year old boy who walked with a limp. This is now the year 1820 and is when the boy Joseph's published stories begin. 4 years later though, Alvin was engaged to be married and saw potential for the Smith's without their dependence on the Harris' for work. He began to interfere with the powerful Harris' grooming and temptations of the impressionable Joseph. With the fate of the Nation at stake and no more time to find another voice amid Joseph's waiverings growing ever more critical as he too approached the age of 18, the wealthy, zealous, altruistic, powerful, patriotic Harris ordered Alvin's murder . It was just four and a half weeks before Joseph's 18th birthday. After Alvin's death, Harris used threats towards other Smith family members to ensure Joseph would not waiver. Fearing for the rest of his family and now 3 year old little Lucy, and with no "911" to call and no one else to come to their aid, 17 year old Joseph and the rest of the Smith family would become Harris' emotional hostages for the next two decades. Just like Harris had done with his child cousin who he forced to marry him, Harris had gained control of the boy Joseph and the Smiths.
  22. The powerful Harris, his father and their faction, ("The Men Who Visit") continued freely catalyzing Mormonism and the Book of Mormon from the Brotherhood's materials. They also used materials from forced and unforced sources including authors of 6 previous publications (#3). In their zeal, with their power, influence and use of violence they were able to greatly reduce the prominence of the publications they borrowed and stole from.
  23. Mormonism's publishings indicate "The Book of Mormon" was originally a 30-60 pound heavy stack of gold plates discovered in a sealed box under a boulder and that the box also included a sword (The Sword of Laban), a spherical compass (The Liahona) and a breast plate with a pair of primitive glasses attached to it. Publishing's indicate that translation of the engraved writings on the plates occurred by Joseph Smith without him looking at the plates but instead by Joseph wearing the Urim and Thummim and iterating out loud the words that appeared to him. If he didn't want to use the plates, he could also use a black stone he had been led to. If he didn't want to use the black stone, he could use a white stone he already had. (1). A scribe who was either his first wife Emma, Martin Harris, David Whitmer or Oliver Cowdery. (2)
  24. Harris' reputation for being wealthy was well known enough that in 1833 he was sued and jailed for $1000 (what some would say is today's economic equivalent of $500,000) by a young woman for publicly saying she had a "bastard child". In that day women couldn't sue a man alone so the suit was brought by a male friend of the woman. Harris posted bail and left. The suit was quietly dismissed under the claim that the woman was already "scandalous" prior to her claims against the well known Harris. (Link available by download through google search "the imprisonment of Martin Harris").
  25. During the following years under Harris control, naive Joseph resisted at times. Joseph tried to break free at times. Joseph sought funding for his own militia. Joseph spoke in code to his militia. As a victim, out of survival or as an eventual participant, Joseph absolutely made mistakes.
  26. A city was built around Mormonism. Harris and his endless river of cash and connections from the Eerie Canal was never far away. Day by day Harris' barges on the Eerie Canal sent one fortune of goods after another to the eastern territories. At the port of New York, the empty barges were loaded with immigrants grateful to have some place inland to go. Stories of the American Bible gave them something to believe in. For one reason or another, many of these early male, female and child immigrants were from Scotland...
  27. Harris and his faction forced Joseph to claim that 24 different angels appeared to Joseph including Adam, Moses, Noah and other biblical characters.
  28. Harris' self-fulfilling prophecy involving patriotically well-connected aristocrats Charles Anthon, Luther Bradish and Samuel L. Mitchell. Note that Bradish was a literary agent of profound, well educated early American author James Fenimore Cooper. Cooper is the author of "The Leatherstocking Tales", "The Last of the Mohicans" and other known titles. Cooper was also a midshipman in the US Navy who was very familiar with the working of ocean vessels. Like Benjamin Franklin, Cooper was known for his intellect and occasionally mischievous creativity. (1) "The Book of Mormon" contains ocean going stories (1) (2). Like Harris, Bradish also fought in the "War of 1812". These are just a few of the critical circles of influence needed to catalyze something like "The Book of Mormon" and Mormonism and to see it through to fruition while minimizing and eliminating obstacles along the way. These are the kind of critical circles of influence that a naive, uneducated, poor, handicapped, gypsy boy from a new-to-the-neighborhood family just did not have.
  29. In 1844, with thousands of immigrant and American born followers spread across many New England territories and elsewhere, Harris secretly ordered Joseph to began preparations to lead Mormonism's followers from Nauvoo into the West to save the failed USA. Instead, the naive Joseph believed he could save the failed USA by becoming President of the USA himself. Believing he was finally too powerful for Harris to kill him, Joseph publicly announced his campaign for President of the USA. With no time to spare, the zealous, patriotic Harris immediately ordered the murder of Joseph Smith and two of his three remaining brothers. Within weeks of Joseph's presidential announcement Joseph and his older brother Hyrum were arrested and killed within days (June 27, 1844). With thousands of followers, his own militia and the bounties of an entire growing city at his fingertips, Joseph allowed himself to be arrested believing that he and Harris would reconcile. After Joseph and Hyrum's murder however, in an insidious taunt to other less heinous factions who's attempts failed to gain a following and to remove all obstacles at seeing his own faction's plans through, Harris ordered the murder of younger brother Samuel Smith 33 days later (July 30, 1844). The number 33 is significant within the Brotherhood. For one reason or another Harris spared the Smith females (Mother Lucy Mack, daughter's Sophronia, Katherine, Lucy) and the youngest living Smith son at the time William. In all, 6 Smith male family members including Alvin (murder), Joseph Smith Sr. (suspicious), Don Carlos (illness), Hyrum (murder), Joseph (murder) and Samuel (murder) died during the Lord's careful "Restoration of the Gospel".
  30. After Joseph's unbelievable, tragic and violent murder Mormonism split into multiple groups with several different leaders emerging. Some believed in polygamy some didn't. 1) Brigham eventually led the majority into the West. 2) Joseph's family and first wife Emma stayed in Nauvoo. 3) Other followers went to Philadelphia. 4) Others went on a ship to sail to the continent's west coast with Samuel Brannan (who pulled a page from Benjamin Franklin's book of propaganda and sensationalism and started the gold rush of 1849 by publishing reports of gold in the area in eastern markets. Brannan is recognized by many as the west coast's first millionaire although not from "gold". Like many others in Mormonism's founding days publishings indicate Brannan was also eventually "exiled" from Mormonism). 5) Other's followed James Strange (Strange was Harris' back up plan in case Brigham was killed or failed. Strange led a following to northern territories on the Great Lakes. Harris was never far away from Strange. Strange eventually also produced "writings" from plates he claimed he was led to. (Harris is noted within Mormon history as being responsible for "losing" 116 pages of writings Joseph produced). Strange was murdered 9 years after Brigham Young stopped his following at the salt lake in the center of the West and the West was won.
  31. During this period other people would mysteriously die or disappear. Harris and/or people claiming to be associated with the US Government were never far away. (1)
  32. Within two years of Mormonism conquering the West, US states started being formed on paper again. This ended the quarter century blight that began shortly before Mormonism's founding days. (1)
  33. When it came time for Brigham Young to commission a statue to commemorate Mormonism's settling of "Salt Lake City" and to be placed at the entrance to his expansive "Utah Territory" property instead of choosing an angel Moroni, a figure of Joseph, or anything related to Mormonism he chose an eagle on top of a 5-pointed star. This statue commemorating the "Gate for the Eagle" became known as "The Eagles Gate". These symbols acknowledged the conquering of the American continent's West by Freemasonry under the banner of the USA. Although the "Eagle" has always been highly visible, the "Star" is seldom mentioned publicly but is clearly visible in person and in many images. This Star is also used throughout Mormonism's early ecclesiastical buildings. Note that in the 1970's some groups with nefarious purposes adopted the 5-pointed star ("pentagram") as a purported satanic symbol however among different uses related to the USA, it had been used for over a century to also represent the rising Eastern Star.
  34. Between his 15 year old child cousin bride Lucy (10 years his junior) and his mysterious bride Caroline (29 years his junior), Martin Harris fathered 13 living children through the two females nubile wombs. Today there are 13 secret corporations that control Mormonism's $100 billion dollars.
  35. Images of Martin Harris in his later years (1870) show him holding a staff with a serpant's head. 116 years before, Benjamin Franklin used a serpant as patriotic imagery (1754).
  36. Although images of just about everyone else in Mormonism's founding days exist, Mormonism maintains that no images of Joseph Smith exist. Instead, they elect to use handsome cartoon renderings of Joseph Smith that generate millions of dollars in revenue every year. This is while Mormonism also ignores reports of at least one photograph and forensic science that indicates a less sensationalized image of Joseph Smith. Naturally, this image also demonstrates more family semblance with Alvin Smith than the cartoon images do.
  37. Of all figures in Mormonism's beginnings the grave marker of the forgotten Martin Harris is by far the most substantial. Joseph Smith doesn't even have his own marker. His is shared with his brother Hyrum and his first wife Emma even though Emma married a non-Mormon on Joseph Smith's birthday 3 years later. Mormonism goes to great lengths to hide Emma's marriage to a non-mormon after Joseph's murder especially with the critical role of Emma that has been weaved throughout Mormonism and the translation.
  38. Polygamy openly continued for over 60 years before being renounced so Utah could officially become a State. Polygamy continued privately for decades and continues still in many ways due to Mormonism maintaining spiritual polygamy.
  39. Mormonism openly practicing racism until 1978.
  40. Nepotistic connections through blood or marriage existed throughout Mormonism's founding days with the 3 witnesses and the 8 witnesses and continues today. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5). Note that of the "3 Witnesses" Martin Harris was one. One was also a "Whitmer". 4 of the "8 Witnesses" were Whitmer's. "Hyrum Page" of the "8 Witnesses" was married to a Whitmer. Joseph Smith's father and two brothers make up the rest of the "8". All most all of the witnesses eventually left Mormonism but out of fear of retribution from Harris' faction they never recanted their stories or roles in Mormonism.
  41. Today Mormonism is a nepotistic (1) (2) (3) (4) $150 Billion tax-free corporation masquerading as a "religion". It owns influential roles in companies you know and use everyday. $100 Billion of that ill-gotten wealth places Mormonism among the top 5 of the largest cash reserves in the USA. Additional billions are held in real estate development (one example), media control (NBC-UTAH), the USA's largest cattle producer, the USA's largest nut producer, Universities in Utah, Idaho and Hawaii (BYU) and billions of dollars more in tax free capital raising buildings disguised as chapels, temples and other "ecclesiastical" buildings. Even though Mormonism continues to have lie after lie revealed about it, it maintains disturbing nepotistic control over the State of Utah and it's political, legal, municipal, educational and media offices as well as it's global at-risk "volunteer" force of tens of thousands of teenagers).
  42. If Mormonism doesn't seem like an insidious regime yet this link should make it perfectly clear.
submitted by BringATwenty to MoMoNoMo [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 20:40 techwabbit r/DonaldTrump's "Trump's Top 45 Accomplishments" - #39: Cybersecurity Enhancements

DonaldTrump's Top 45 Accomplishments (full list): https://www.reddit.com/donaldtrump/wiki/top_45

★ Accomplishment #39 ★

Cybersecurity Enhancements

Government Cybersecurity Strategy

  • On May 11, 2017 President Trump issued an Executive Order on 'Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure'
https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/presidential-executive-order-strengthening-cybersecurity-federal-networks-critical-infrastructure/
  • On September 13, 2017 The Trump Administrations Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued a directive banning Kaspersky Labs software from Government Systems, for Kaspersky's ties to the Russian Government.
https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/09/13/dhs-statement-issuance-binding-operational-directive-17-01
  • In November 2017 The Trump Administrations Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Issued a report 'Supporting the Growth and Sustainment of the Nation's Cybersecurity Workforce: Building the Foundation for a More Secure American Future'
https://www.nist.gov/system/files/documents/2018/07/24/eo_wf_report_to_potus.pdf
  • On May 15, 2018 The Trump Administrations Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued a Cybersecurity Strategy detailing a 5 year plan to strengthen the nation's Cybersecurity
https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/DHS-Cybersecurity-Strategy_1.pdf
https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/DHS-Cybersecurity-Fact-Sheet.pdf
  • On September 20, 2018, The Trump Administration's National Security Council unveiled the first Cybersecurity Strategy in 15 years, the 'National Cybersecurity Strategy'.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/articles/president-trump-unveils-americas-first-cybersecurity-strategy-15-years/
https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/National-Cyber-Strategy.pdf
https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-is-strengthening-americas-cybersecurity/
  • On May 2, 2019 President Trump issued an Executive Order on 'America's Cybersecurity Workforce', meant to expand our Cybersecurity workforce.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-americas-cybersecurity-workforce/
  • In March 2020 The Trump Administration issued the 'National Strategy to Secure 5G', aimed at securing this new technology as it is deployed across the nation.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/National-Strategy-5G-Final.pdf
  • On September 4, 2020 President Trump issued a Memorandum on Space Policy Directive-5: Cybersecurity Principles for Space Systems
https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/memorandum-space-policy-directive-5-cybersecurity-principles-space-systems/
https://www.dhs.gov/news/2020/09/04/trump-administration-launches-first-cybersecurity-principles-space-technologies

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency

  • On November 16, 2018 President Trump signed into law the Republican-led legislation 'Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2018', establishing the new CISA inside of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/3359
https://www.cisa.gov/about-cisa

Securing Our Elections

  • On May 11, 2017 President Trump issued and Executive Order on 'the Establishment of Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity'
https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/presidential-executive-order-establishment-presidential-advisory-commission-election-integrity/
  • On March 15, 2018 The Trump Administration's Treasury Department issues Sanctions on Russian Cyber Actors for Interference with the 2016 U.S. Elections and Malicious Cyber-Attacks
https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/sm0312
  • On July 17, 2018 President Trump issued an update on 'Protecting Our Elections and Standing Up to Russia’s Malign Activities'
https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-protecting-elections-standing-russias-malign-activities/
  • On August 2, 2018 President Trump issued an update on 'Strengthening the Security of Our Elections', discussing various actions taken to date.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-strengthening-security-elections/
  • On Sept 12, 2018 President Trump issued an Executive Order on 'Imposing Certain Sanctions in the Event of Foreign Interference in a United States Election', creating heavy penalties for those that interfere in our elections.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-imposing-certain-sanctions-event-foreign-interference-united-states-election/
https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-working-protect-nations-elections-foreign-interference/
  • On January 30, 2019 The Trump Administrations Department of Justice Announces Court-Authorized Efforts to Map and Disrupt Botnet Used by North Korean Hacker
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pjustice-department-announces-court-authorized-efforts-map-and-disrupt-botnet-used-north
  • In February 2020 The Trump Administrations Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) released the '#Protect2020 Strategic Plan'
https://www.cisa.gov/sites/default/files/publications/ESI%20Strategic%20Plan_FINAL%202.7.20%20508.pdf
  • On March 2, 2020 The Trump Adminidation releases a Joint Statement from DOS, DOJ, DOD, DHS, ODNI, FBI, NSA, and CISA on Preparations for Super Tuesday
https://www.cybercom.mil/Media/News/News-Display/Article/2099666/joint-statement-from-dos-doj-dod-dhs-odni-fbi-nsa-and-cisa-on-preparations-fo
  • On June 22, 2020 The Trump Administrations Elections Assistance Commission (EAC) announces free Cybersecurity training for Election Officials.
https://www.eac.gov/news/2020/06/22/us-election-assistance-commission-offers-no-cost-online-cybersecurity-training

Department of Justice Cyber-Crime

  • On February 20, 2018 The Trump Administrations Department of Justice (DOJ) announces a new Cyber-Digital Task Force.
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pattorney-general-sessions-announces-new-cybersecurity-task-force
https://www.justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/1035457/download
  • On July 19, 2018 The Trump Administrations Department of Justice (DOJ) announces the publication of the first Cyber-Digital Task Force Report.
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pattorney-general-sessions-announces-publication-cyber-digital-task-force-report
https://www.justice.gov/ag/page/file/1076696/download
https://www.justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/1081871/download
  • Since the formation of the Cyber-Digital Task Force Report, there has been a large increase in Cyber Crimes related to National Security.
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pchinese-intelligence-officers-and-their-recruited-hackers-and-insiders-conspired-steal
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pprc-state-owned-company-taiwan-company-and-three-individuals-charged-economic-espionage
https://www.justice.gov/opa/ptwo-iranian-men-indicted-deploying-ransomware-extort-hospitals-municipalities-and-public
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pchinese-telecommunications-conglomerate-huawei-and-huawei-cfo-wanzhou-meng-charged-financial
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pchinese-military-personnel-charged-computer-fraud-economic-espionage-and-wire-fraud-hacking
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pchinese-telecommunications-conglomerate-huawei-and-subsidiaries-charged-racketeering
https://www.justice.gov/opa/ptwo-chinese-nationals-charged-laundering-over-100-million-cryptocurrency-exchange-hack
And More: https://www.justice.gov/nsd/nsd-news?f%5B0%5D=field_pr_topic%3A3911

2021 Cybersecurity Budget

  • President Trump's 2021 Cybersecurity Budget
https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/ap_19_cybersecurity_fy21.pdf
DonaldTrump's Top 45 Accomplishments (full list): https://www.reddit.com/donaldtrump/wiki/top_45
submitted by techwabbit to donaldtrump [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 15:04 rusticgorilla The NINE agencies Trump is using to corrupt the election

Over the past six months, Trump has been making increasingly false, absurd, and dangerous claims - from saying the “only way” he’ll lose in November is in a rigged election to claiming his opponents illegally “spied” on his campaign.
However, not only is he making these claims, the president and his cronies are corrupting the power of government to inflate his lies to the level of truth and oppress any evidence to the contrary. With the help of loyalists atop every federal agency, Trump has perverted the government to serve his own re-election desires.
This list is nowhere near comprehensive. There are many more examples that could be given, but I tried to keep it short enough that it is still readable.

ODNI and Intelligence Community

Limit disclosure of knowledge of Russian sabotage.
The Office of the Director of National Intelligence, led by Trump loyalist John Ratcliffe, canceled future in-person briefings on election security issues to the congressional intelligence committees. Instead, the ODNI will provide written briefings only.
The change came after a classified briefing in which top counterintelligence official Bill Evanina told House members that Russia is again trying to boost President Donald Trump’s reelection and denigrate his opponent, Joe Biden. Trump was enraged after details of the briefing leaked to the public, revealing that his own administration’s intelligence officers contradict his repeated assertions that Russia is not interfering on his behalf.
Reminder: Trump fired the previous DNI, Joseph Maguire, after learning that one of Maguire’s staff members gave a 2020 election security briefing to the House Intelligence Committee. In the briefing, Maguire aide Shelby Pierson alerted committee members that Russia was interfering in the 2020 campaign in an effort to tip the election in Trump’s favor. In firing Maguire, Trump sent a warning to the entire intelligence community: Trump’s opinion and electoral prospects must be prioritized over facts.

Department of Homeland Security

Twist intelligence to support campaign and personal motives.
Election interference
Former acting Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis Brian Murphy filed a whistleblower complaint alleging that Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf interfered with intelligence assessments in order to benefit Trump politically.
In May 2020, Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf told Murphy to “cease providing intelligence assessments on the threat of Russian interference in the United States, and instead start reporting on interference activities by China and Iran.” Wolf told Murphy those instructions came directly from the White House.
In July 2020, DHS chief of staff John Gountanis intervened to stop publication of an intelligence bulletin warning about a Russian disinformation plot to “denigrate” the mental health of Joe Biden. On July 8, Murphy said, he met with Wolf, who told him that the intelligence notification should be “held” because it “made the President look bad.”
Trump not only attempts to hide intelligence that contradicts the false narrative he continues to push about China actively interfering to boost Biden, according to Murphy Trump’s officials directed him to prioritize intelligence on China and Iran.
It’s disturbing enough for a president and his allies to distort intelligence assessments for political gain, but Murphy’s account suggests something more nefarious—that intelligence authorities and positions of public trust might have been used to engineer the narrative from the outset.
Campaign agitprop
Murphy’s complaint also details that Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Deputy Secretary Ken Cuccinelli ordered him to modify intelligence assessments to make the threat of white supremacy “appear less severe” and include information on violent “left-wing” groups and Antifa. The reason given was “to ensure they matched up with the public comments by President Trump on the subject of ANTIFA and ‘anarchist’ groups.”
Trump has spent months fear-mongering about imagined mobs of far-left activists coming to attack the suburbs. On Saturday, the Trump campaign sent out an “ANTIFA ALERT” text message to supporters, saying “they’ll attack your homes if Joe’s elected. Pres Trump needs you to become a Diamond Club Member.”

Customs and Border Patrol

Cause unrest in Democratic-cities to assist in fear campaign.
Border Patrol agents were among the federal forces sent to Portland to confront and arrest protestors over the summer.
Gil Kerlikowske, former commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection under President Barack Obama, said BORTAC, the unit dispatched to the city, is chiefly trained to pursue fugitives and criminals. "They're clearly the wrong group to be doing this.”
The violence they provoked was featured in Trump’s campaign ads and RNC nomination acceptance speech.
“Trump has ratcheted up political ties to border patrol to another level,” Todd Miller, the author of Empire of Borders, said. “He based his whole 2016 campaign around this, and it is now at the core of his 2020 re-election bid. These are his people.”
Most recently, the Border Patrol produced and published a dramatized video showing a Spanish-speaking attacker stabbing and killing a man in a dark alley after escaping from U.S. agents - “a clip apparently created to dramatize President Trump’s depiction of migrants as fearsome criminals.”

Justice Department

Weaponize the law to harm opponents and save himself.
Investigate Trump’s rivals
Trump and Attorney General Bill Barr are reportedly pressuring U.S. Attorney John Durham and his team to release the results of their probe before the November election. Durham was appointed by Barr to investigate the origins of the Mueller investigation and the FBI’s Russia probe. Last week, a highly respected and experienced prosecutor, Nora R. Dannehy, resigned as a senior aide to Durham due to concern over this improper political pressure.
Trump has publicly expressed impatience with the Durham investigation, saying there should be more prosecutions and disclosures of information that would damage his political rivals. Last month, Barr indicated the DOJ would not respect an informal policy against taking investigative steps 60 days before Election Day.
In a speech on Wednesday, Barr essentially rebuked the Mueller investigation and the cases it spawned: “Smart, ambitious lawyers have sought to amass glory by prosecuting prominent public figures since the Roman Republic. It is utterly unsurprising that prosecutors continue to do so today to the extent the Justice Department’s leaders will permit it. As long as I am Attorney General, we will not.”
Assist Trump’s allies
Attorney General Barr has explicitly interfered in at least two criminal cases against Trump’s allies, helping the president promote the narrative that the Obama administration (in which Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden served) acted inappropriately. In February, Barr overruled career federal prosecutors in order to recommend the former Trump campaign advisor Roger Stone receive a lesser prison sentence. The entire team of prosecutors resigned from the criminal case due to the Justice Department’s interference. Trump ultimately commuted Stone’s 40-month sentence, much less than the original recommendation of seven to nine years in prison.
Then, in May, the Justice Department filed a request to drop the criminal case against Trump's first national security adviser, Michael Flynn, despite the fact that Flynn twice - before two separate judges - admitted to lying to the FBI. In response, nearly 2,000 former DOJ employees called for Barr’s resignation, saying he had “assaulted the rule of law.”
Politically-motivated actions
Barr reportedly told prosecutors to explore aggressive charges against people arrested at recent demonstrations across the US, even suggesting bringing a rarely used sedition charge, reserved for those who have plotted a threat that posed imminent danger to government authority.
The AG asked prosecutors in the Justice Department’s civil rights division to explore whether they could bring criminal charges against Mayor Jenny Durkan of Seattle for not acting immediately to disrupt the police-free zone created by protestors over the summer. According to the Associated Press, charges were also explored against city officials in Portland, Oregon, for the continued protests in the area.
The Justice Department is targeting Democratic governors for coronavirus outbreaks in state-owned nursing homes. The four governors - PA’s Tom Wolf, MI’s Whitmer, NJ’s Murphy, and NY’s Cuomo - are frequent targets of Trump for not lifting pandemic restrictions as fast as he’d like. Republican-run states have very similar rules about nursing home admissions yet are not under DOJ investigation.
Just yesterday, Barr publicly bashed states that still have restrictions in place, saying that “stay at home orders” are “like house arrest.” Incredibly, Barr added: “Other than slavery, which was a different kind of restraint, this is the greatest intrusion on civil liberties in American history."
  • More: In April, Barr issued a memorandum directing the nation’s U.S. attorneys to be on the lookout for public health rules that might, among other things, constitute “undue interference with the national economy.”

CDC and FDA

Rush coronavirus treatments to save his election chances.
At the end of March, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) to allow hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine for coronavirus COVID-19 treatment after weeks of pressure from Trump. For instance, eight days before the EUA, Trump tweeted that hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin could be "one of the biggest game changers in the history of medicine" and should "be put in use immediately."
Ultimately, the FDA revoked its EUA in June after more evidence revealed hydroxychloroquine can cause “serious cardiac adverse events.”
Experts say the FDA again caved to political pressure when it approved an expanded use of convalescent plasma to treat covid patients, the night before the Republican National Convention. Despite concerns over plasma’s effectiveness, Trump called Dr. Francis S. Collins, the director of the N.I.H., to tell him: “Get it done by Friday.” When it wasn’t, Trump took to Twitter to accuse those at the FDA of being part of the “deep state” withholding an approval “to delay the answer until after November 3.” The next day, the FDA announced its approval.
Finally, and most obviously, Trump has pressured the FDA to approve of a coronavirus vaccine before the November election. Experts across the board have said there is no way our government and existing infrastructure will be ready to distribute, administer, and track doses by November.
Trump, Sept. 2: "[It's] going to be done in a very short period of time -- could even have it during the month of October… We’re going to have a vaccine very soon, maybe even before a very special date. You know what date I’m talking about” (clip 1 and clip 2.
Just yesterday, Trump contradicted CDC chief Robert Redfield’s timetable for the vaccine, saying the doctor was “confused” in his congressional testimony.
"If you're asking me when is it going to be generally available to the American public, so we can begin to take advantage of vaccine to get back to our regular life, I think we're probably looking at third, late second quarter, third quarter 2021," Redfield told a Senate appropriations subcommittee.
"I think he made a mistake when he said that. It's just incorrect information," Trump said about Redfield's vaccine timeline. Following Trump’s repudiation, a CDC spokesman walked back Redfield’s statements to be in line with the president’s. "He was not referring to the time period when Covid-19 vaccine doses would be made available to all Americans," the spokesman said.

Department of Health and Human Services

Convince the public that the pandemic is gone.
DHS is bidding out a more than $250 million contract to a communications firm as it seeks to “defeat despair and inspire hope” about the coronavirus pandemic. Among the goals of the contract: “sharing best practices for businesses to operate in the new normal and instill confidence to return to work and restart the economy.” In other words: exactly what Trump has tried to project onto the nation despite his failure to effectively contain the spread of the coronavirus.
As the House Oversight Committee has expressed, “rather than focus on planning and executing a national strategy to contain the coronavirus, the Trump Administration is using a quarter of a billion dollars in taxpayer money to fund what appears to be a political propaganda campaign just two months before a presidential election.”
Remember, the pandemic crisis still gripping America is Trump’s own creation. Olivia Troye, Pence’s top aide on the White House coronavirus task force, went public yesterday with her firsthand experiences. She relays that throughout the pandemic, Trump was consumed by himself and his prospects in November. “For him, it was all about the election,” Troye said.
Instead of trying to help Americans and slow the spread, Trump is spending 250 million taxpayer dollars to try to convince us not to believe our own eyes and ears.

US Postal Service

Discredit vote-by-mail and suppress the vote.
President Trump on Thursday continued his months long campaign against mail-in voting this November by tweeting that “MAYHEM” will occur in states that send ballots to all registered voters. In another tweet, Trump falsely asserted that “the Nov 3rd Election result may NEVER BE ACCURATELY DETERMINED” due to nine states running universal mail-in voting.
By casting doubt on mail ballots and the election results, Trump is trying to accomplish two things: (1) persuade voters not to participate in the election, and (2) claim victory prematurely, or even after a decisive loss.
To this end, Postmaster DeJoy - a big donor to Trump’s campaign - has sent confusing misinformation to voters in these states that automatically send registered voters ballots by mail.
DeJoy has also implemented changes at USPS that significantly slowed the delivery of mail, making it harder for people to vote by mail with confidence and, likely, scaring some people away from voting at all in the middle of the pandemic. Trump is betting on these changes having a bigger impact on Democrats than Republicans, especially considering the fact that he has spent nearly the entire year downplaying the threat of the coronavirus to his base.
  • Note: Barr is also cranking out false public statements to discredit vote-by-mail, whether it’s falsely claiming it’s vulnerable to a massive foreign-engineered conspiracy or blatantly misrepresenting actual domestic cases of fraud.

National Park Service

Assist in taxpayer funded staging of campaign events.
Yes, even the National Park Service has been corrupted by Trump, via former oil industry lobbyist and Secretary of the Interior David Bernhardt. Most recently, the NPS produced what appears to be a campaign ad, with no other purpose than promoting Trump. In fact, the words “PRESIDENT TRUMP” in all caps are the first words to appear on screen. The video likely breaks the law:
The federal Anti-Deficiency Act prohibits the use of federal funds for purposes other than those Congress has authorized… if Congress has not authorized the Interior Department to use our money to create campaign ads (and it hasn’t), then the Interior Department cannot legally create campaign ads. In addition to this general prohibition against using funds for unauthorized purposes, there is an express prohibition against propaganda.
Additionally the NPS allowed Trump to take over Mount Rushmore National Memorial for an air and fireworks show ostensibly to celebrate Independence day. In reality, Trump used the event to rail against Democrats, promote his statute-protecting executive order, and warn of a "left-wing cultural revolution." Put differently, it was a campaign event in the middle of a national park.
In June, U.S. Park Police (officers of the NPS) took part in forcibly removing peaceful protestors with tear gas and rubber bullets from the area in and around Lafayette Park, a national historic landmark and public place, for the president's photo-op with a bible. And in 2019, the Park Service used $2.5 million in fees paid by national park visitors to fund President Trump's "Salute to America" celebration in the National Mall.
submitted by rusticgorilla to Keep_Track [link] [comments]


2020.08.07 18:08 techwabbit JURY TRIAL DEMANDED Justice Department Seeks Forfeiture of Two Commercial Properties Purchased with Funds Misappropriated from PrivatBank in Ukraine Both Properties Worth a Combined $70 Million Remember Ihor Kolomoisky?

Filed today by the Department of Justice, DOJ: Justice Department Seeks Forfeiture of Two Commercial Properties Purchased with Funds Misappropriated from PrivatBank in Ukraine - Both Properties Worth a Combined $70 Million Jury Trial Demanded
The United States filed two civil forfeiture complaints today in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida alleging that commercial real estate in Louisville, Kentucky, and Dallas, Texas, both acquired using funds misappropriated from PrivatBank in Ukraine, are subject to forfeiture based on violations of federal money laundering statutes.
Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. Rabbitt of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, U.S. Attorney Ariana Fajardo Orshan for the Southern District of Florida, U.S. Attorney Justin E. Herdman for the Northern District of Ohio, and Special Agent in Charge Eric B. Smith of the FBI’s Cleveland Field Office made the announcement.
The complaints allege that Ihor Kolomoisky and Gennadiy Boholiubov, who owned PrivatBank, one of the largest banks in Ukraine, embezzled and defrauded the bank of billions of dollars. The two obtained fraudulent loans and lines of credit from approximately 2008 through 2016, when the scheme was uncovered, and the bank was nationalized by the National Bank of Ukraine. The complaints allege that they laundered a portion of the criminal proceeds using an array of shell companies’ bank accounts, primarily at PrivatBank’s Cyprus branch, before they transferred the funds to the United States. As alleged in the complaint, the loans were rarely repaid except with more fraudulently obtained loan proceeds.
As alleged in the Complaints, in the United States, associates of Kolomoisky and Bogoliubov, Mordechai Korf and Uriel Laber, operating out of offices in Miami, created a web of entities, usually under some variation of the name “Optima,” to further launder the misappropriated funds and invest them. They purchased hundreds of millions of dollars in real estate and businesses across the country, including the properties subject to forfeiture: the Louisville office tower known as PNC Plaza, and the Dallas office park known as the former CompuCom Headquarters. The buildings have a combined value of approximately $70 million. (read more on the link provided above)
The usual suspects are running puff pieces about Kolomoisky and associates, attempting to tie this action to Trump/Barr as a vendetta, so, I'm very glad they have demanded a Jury Trial.
from wapo:
Kolomoisky and Boholiubov were the two major owners of PrivatBank before it was nationalized in response to the fraud, the Justice Department said, and the men basically used it as a personal account to build a business empire in the United States. They requested money from PrivatBank — which they always received because they were owners — then moved the funds through a network of companies to “thoroughly disguise their nature, source, ownership, and control,” the Justice Department alleged.
Experts have expressed increasing concern that U.S. real estate — including factories and facilities important to American industry — has become a magnet for foreign money, including proceeds of criminal activities abroad. Among Kolomoisky’s and Boholiubov’s purchases were more than 5 million square feet of commercial real estate in Ohio; steel plants in Kentucky, West Virginia and Michigan; a cellphone manufacturing plant in Illinois; and commercial real estate in Texas, the Justice Department alleged. The forfeiture complaints sought to seize a roughly 19.5-acre office park in Dallas and the PNC Plaza building in Louisville.
Offices raided a couple days ago - Feds raided offices of company tied to Ukrainian Oligarch - Burisma Holdings
Background
Reading
Video
From 2014:
Previous Threads (And there are many, but I want to highlight the major information, so everyone has a comprehensive picture, single point/link):
Threats against AG BARR and POTUS:
NYC Bar Assoc threatens the Attorney General of these United States, Bill Barr ; recuse himself from any “Ukraine-related issues.” And if not, “he should resign or, failing that, be subject to sanctions, including possible removal, by Congress.”Threats and Intimidation for Political Gain. <===
Then there was the whole Ukraine Impeachment Scam which I won't bother to link to.
Then you have this posted on the 20th of July:
and now just yesterday:
POTUS: TRUMP: “So, I have a lot of enemies out there right now. This might be the last time you see me for awhile. A lot of very very rich enemies and they are not happy with what I am doing.”
Why were staffers watching POTUS leave on his trip today? This is unusual. This may mean more than a blackout.
I realize this is a ton of info, but should be current to date with the Ukraine issue, including the background, minus the bogus impeachment crap.
Thoughts?
Do you think we have anything to be concerned about POTUS and threats against him?
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2020.08.07 14:26 ILikeNeurons Common misconceptions about sexual consent, explained

It's important to understand sexual consent because sexual activity without consent is sexual assault. Before you flip out about how "everyone knows what consent is," that is absolutely not correct! Some (in fact, many) people are legit confused about what constitutes consent, such as this teenager who admitted he would ass-rape a girl because he learned from porn that girls like anal sex (overwhelmingly not true, in addition to being irrelevant), or this ostensibly well-meaning college kid who put his friend at STI risk after assuming she was just vying for a relationship when she said no, or this guy from the "ask a rapist thread" who couldn't understand why a sex-positive girl would not have sex with him, or this guy who seemed to think that because a woman was a submissive that meant he could dominate her, or this 'comedian' who haplessly made a public rape confession in the form of a comedy monologue, or this 'well-liked kid' who thought good girls always had to fight a little the first time. In fact, researchers have found that in acquaintance rape--one of the most common types of rape--perpetrators tend to see their behavior as seduction, not rape, or they somehow believe the rape justified.
Yet sexual assault is a tractable problem. Offenders often rationalize their behavior by whether society will let them get away with it, and the more the rest us confidently understand consent the better advocates we can be for what's right. And yes, a little knowledge can actually reduce the incidence of sexual violence.
So, without further ado, the following are common misconceptions about sexual consent:
If all of this seems obvious, ask yourself how many of these key points were missed in popular analyses of this viral news article.
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2020.07.23 16:25 VoxChiasmus Utah's Mormonism is The Deep State

TL;DR - A Colonial Military Cult Disguised As a Religion Saved the Failed USA Then Nepotistically Grew To Become The Modern USA's $100 Billion Dollar Regime: 42 Facts.

  1. After the 8 year long revolutionary war ended in 1783, the "United States of America" still faltered countless times in the coming decades. Easterly landlocked colonial territories outlined on paper as "States" could not come together as "One Nation". Different military's, militias, brotherhoods, factions, factions within factions, slavery and counterfeit money bred constant chaos. For many periods over those following decades attacks from Great Britain, Spain, France, Mexico and the warring Indian tribes they supplied meant the easterly landlocked territories were doomed to be conquered by one nation or another. (Even Russia had a trade presence on the west coast) Year in and year out, every day and every night, every primitive, easterly landlocked, colonial territory's survival was threatened. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
  2. The Nation needed to expand West to save Freedom but the unorganized military was spread too thin. Some settlers made progress with peaceful Native American tribes yet wagon trains of settlers who dared to venture West were still violently slaughtered by warring Indian tribes. Young, old, no one was spared. Stories of the violent massacres kept many settlers held up in the landlocked territories. Other's fled back to England. Still others came. (1) (2)
  3. The guiding hand of a centuries old Scottish Brotherhood can be seen throughout the USA's founding decades. Known founding fathers George Washington (1732-1799), Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), Paul Revere (1735-1818), John Hancock (1736-1793) and others were members of the Brotherhood's different factions within factions spread across the territories. Hidden history reveals so much more about these founding fathers than many know. For example, George Washington still owned 300 slaves upon his death. Paul Revere was a master of metals and an entrepreneur and his clients included the US Government (1) (2). Dynamic Oligarch, Governor, Inventor and swimmer Benjamin Franklin (1) (2) might one day go down in history as a colonial version of Bruce Wayne/Batman. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5))
  4. Faraway on the other side of the globe, during the same time the revolutionary war was going on, England's Captain James Cook, a global explorer and close associate of the Brotherhood, led the discovery of what would become Hawaii. He saw firsthand how polygamy could grow a nation quickly. Word of the native island people and their bounty of ancestral legends, ocean going stories and treasure traveled around the globe and throughout the Brotherhood's ranks on both sides of the Atlantic. Among the native's Cook and his crew were first revered as immortals but about a year later Cook was attacked and killed as an imposter. This did not phase other explorers and visitors. Travel by ship to the islands became so familiar during colonial times that when conquering Hawaiian King Kamehameha passed away his drunken son LihoLiho, who carried the King's title in name only, traded away a substantial portion of the island's treasures for a yacht built by a Salem, Massachusetts family prominent in seafaring, politics and the military (Crowninshield). After the yacht reached the islands in 1820 it was extensively and expensively remodeled under LihoLiho's orders. It suspiciously sank in a Kauai bay less than two years later and LihoLiho suspiciously died on a peculiar, ill fated trip to Great Britain in 1824. (1) (2) (3)
  5. In the failing US Territories of the late 1700's and early 1800's, patriotic leaders prayed and planned and searched for ways to save the failed Nation. Guidance was sought. Plans were constantly suggested and evaluated. Different members of the Brotherhood secretly suggested laying the foundation for a massive religious following built by polygamy to successfully pave the way West so the failed Nation could expand and be saved.
  6. During this critical time, at least 14 stories of different people having similar "religious" experiences popped up around the territories. None of them created a great following. (1)
  7. During the 34 years spanning 1787-1821, the US's first 24 easterly landlocked states were formed on paper. However, 61% of these states were formed during the first 16 years of that period. For the last 18 years of that period, the pace of forming states had come to a violent halt with only 7 being formed. The chaotic territory known on paper as the "USA" was on the doorstep of imminent failure and what would become a quarter century blight where only two more states would be formed on paper. (1821-1845) (1)
  8. That 1821-1845 time period coincidentally also covers 99.9% of the time that the published, foundational beginnings of "Mormonism" occurred. 1820 is the published year of Joseph Smith's First Vision. 1847 is the published year Brigham Young strategically ordered his west coast bound following to suddenly stop in Mexico Territory at an enormous salt filled lake smack dab in the center of the American continent's untamed West. Even though it was in Mexico Territory at the time, the location of this Great Salt Lake was perfectly centralized in the continent's West and could serve as the doorstep to how the West could be won. Over the next 20 years after Brigham Young's arrival an estimated 60,000-70,000 faithful pioneers would follow. Many were followers of Mormonism. Many practiced polygamy. Many would be sent in all direction of the West to faithfully colonize strategic territories and pave the way for the Nation's armies (1).
  9. For nearly 195 years, Mormonism has surreptitiously weaved historical claims about a man named "Martin Harris" (1783-1875). Mormonism claims Harris was a humble farmer who's greedy wife left him after he mortgaged their family farm to faithfully pay today's equivalent of hundreds of thousands of dollars for the first publishing of the boy Joseph Smith's "The Book of Mormon" and that shortly after that economic failure and other critical founding roles Harris lost faith in Mormonism but later rejoined Mormonism in Utah at the very end of his 92 year long life. (1)) (2) Hidden history reveals that these claims about Harris ARE EXACTLY HOW HE WANTED IT. The purveyors of Mormonism go to great lengths to perpetuate these myths about Harris even today. If you don't accept the boy "Joseph Smith" as a child prophet who grew into a man prophet, Harris' purveyors of Mormonism want you to hate Joseph Smith as an impossible genius-con artist-pedophile so you fail to see the truth of who Harris really was and what Harris really did.
  10. "History is written by the victor" and the past two centuries demonstrate that Harris definitely was the victor. This is because in reality Harris' "greedy wife" "Lucy" was actually his child cousin. Yes she was a child. Yes she was his first cousin. She was 15 and he was 25 when he forced her to marry him. Yet within Mormonism story after story leaves this critical detail out. Additionally for one reason or another Lucy became partially deaf over the next 20 years. There is also at least one report that in addition to sexually abusing this child Harris also physically abused her. This is an indication of Harris' proclivity to control children. Harris eventually fathered 6 children) through Lucy's nubile womb. 28 years later and after being physically separated from Harris for years, Lucy suspiciously died at the age of 42. Weeks later then 52 year old Harris married 21 year old Caroline Young. A niece of Brigham Young. He fathered 7 children through here nubile womb.
  11. Like the Crowninshield's and other influential families throughout critical parts of the chaotic New England territories, The Harris family was also wealthy, well connected and zealously patriotic. With his father Nathan Harris, and his brothers (Emer and Preserved) Martin controlled hundreds of productive acres in the Palmyra, New York region with complex operations producing a river of revenue from livestock and linen. Martin Harris' father Nathan Harris and mother Rhoda Lapham Harris originally moved the Harris family to the Palmyra, New York area in 1796, 20 years before the poverty stricken Smith's would arrive practically on Harris' doorstep. (1) (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)
  12. The white linen Martin produced was so exceptional that he won several awards for it. Since Mormonism's beginning days, the wearing of multiple layers of white clothing has been expected of followers. For decades manufacturing this clothing and selling it to followers has been a secret, multi-million dollar industry for Mormonism. The white clothing includes under garments for daily wear by males and females as well as outer garments for wear in private ceremonies. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)
  13. Harris was a zealous patriot. At 29 years old, four years after forcing his child cousin to marry him, he began regularly leaving his life of power, wealth and marriage as a "Harris" to regularly fight during the 3 years of "The War of 1812". ( "The War of 1812" was actually "The War of 1812-1815".) Harris was recognized as a leader and an honored war veteran at war's end. As an honored war veteran, is it safe to suggest that he became familiar with killing in the name of patriotism as wars require of brave men and women (1) ?
  14. Harris was a convincing story teller. He once got people to donate money for what he claimed would be used to support the Christian Greeks fighting the Turks. He also claimed Jesus appeared to him in the form of a deer and walked with him for a couple miles. He also claimed an incident regarding a flickering candle was the work of the devil. (1) (2))
  15. After the War of 1812, the well respected, wealthy, influential, honored, 33 year old Martin Harris was nominated to be "Road Overseer" in the Palmyra region. A position he controlled for the next 7 years. This included the 7 years it took to finally construct New England's Eerie Canal.
  16. The dynamic Harris was an influential supporter of the Eerie Canal and it's possible route. Harris made sure the route passed by he and his father's lands. This would expand their river of cash and operations to the eastern territories in exponential ways. This river of cash would be used by many to finance business and patriotic endeavors in the failed Nation. (1) Prior to the Eerie Canal "New York" was way down on the list of in-demand territorial ports. Historical economist's acknowledge that the Eerie Canal made New York the leading port and global economic powerhouse that it has been for nearly two centuries.
  17. The boy Joseph Smith Jr. was born December 23, 1805. The poverty stricken Smith family relocated 8 times in the chaotic New England area during Joseph's Smith Jr.'s first 10 years. If they were in Europe they may have been referred to as "gypsys". With Great Britain's latest attack and eventual retreat underway after the War of 1812, the Smith family with it's many sons of working age moved to Palmyra in 1816 in search of work on the controversial, to be built "Eerie Canal". (To this day, published Mormon history acts as if the Eerie Canal doesn't exist.)
  18. During these colonial decades, almost 1 in 5 children did not survive their first year. The Smith family was no exception. Although some children are not listed here in 1816 the living and to-be-born members of Smith family included Joseph Smith Sr. (father, 45, d. 1840), Lucy Mack Smith (Mother, 41, d. 1856), Alvin Smith (son, 18, d. 1823), Hyrum Smith (son, 16, d. 1844), Sophronia (daughter, 13, d. 1876), Joseph Smith Jr. (son, 10, d. 1844), Samuel Smith (son, 8 d. 1844), William Smith (son, 5, d. 1894), Katherine Smith (daughter, 3, d. 1900), Don Carlos (son, newborn, d. 1841). Lucy Smith would be born 5 years later, d. 1882). Shortly after arriving in the Palmyra region, the poverty stricken, uneducated Smith family took over a primitive cabin less than 1 mile from Harris's lands that bordered the future route of Eerie Canal. This was the Smith family's 8th move in Joseph Smith Jr.'s 10 years. After moving so many times, they absolutely moved here to gain work on the Eerie Canal. This move would be the families last. Mother Lucy Smith would bury all but one Smith male during the first 25 years of Mormonism's beginnings. (1)
  19. Harris was 22 years older than Joseph Smith. As a well known, wealthy local and "Road Overseer" who regularly hired local boys and men to work on his own lands, Harris met the Smith family with it's many sons around 1816 when Smith's moved to Palmyra. Harris did not live within 1 mile of the Smith family for 8 or 10 years before meeting them as Mormon history weaves. Harris likely learned of the arrival of the Smith family within days of their arrival to Palmyra through longtime Palmyra residents including the resident who owned the tiny primitive cabin the large Smith family moved into. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black, map, page 6)
  20. Within published Mormonism there are also conflicting accounts spanning three violent chaotic colonial years when Martin Harris met "Joseph Smith". Some accounts claim it was 1824, some claim it was 1827. This would have been when Joseph Smith was 18...or 21. Another ignored, critical discrepancy. (1) (2)
  21. In the early 1800, as years of chaotic uncertainty unfolded, for one reason or another Harris appropriated the Brotherhood's patriotic goals for the Nation for himself. Among other things he knew of the other religious experiences told by others around the territories. (Harris would eventually become related by marriage to one of the story tellers). Harris saw that a young mans voice was needed for a following to catch on. For that, the powerful Harris chose a young many to be a voice of his own. This voice was that of 18 year old Alvin Smith). However, as Harris laid the ground work for his patriotic cause over the next 4 years, headstrong Alvin resisted. Because Hyrum was also older than 18 after those 4 years and like Alvin would have been privy to some of the Brotherhood's publishing's and ceremonies that Harris borrowed (or stole) from, Harris skipped choosing Hyrum as a potential "voice" and chose Joseph, the dynamic, naïve, uneducated, friendly, 14 year old boy who walked with a limp. This is now the year 1820 and is when the boy Joseph's published stories begin. 4 years later though, Alvin was engaged to be married and saw potential for the Smith's without their dependence on the Harris' for work. He began to interfere with the powerful Harris' grooming and temptations of the impressionable Joseph. With the fate of the Nation at stake and no more time to find another voice amid Joseph's waiverings growing ever more critical as he too approached the age of 18, the wealthy, zealous, altruistic, powerful, patriotic Harris ordered Alvin's murder . It was just four and a half weeks before Joseph's 18th birthday. After Alvin's death, Harris used threats towards other Smith family members to ensure Joseph would not waiver. Fearing for the rest of his family and now 3 year old little Lucy, and with no "911" to call and no one else to come to their aid, 17 year old Joseph and the rest of the Smith family would become Harris' emotional hostages for the next two decades. Just like Harris had done with his child cousin who he forced to marry him, Harris had gained control of the boy Joseph and the Smiths.
  22. The powerful Harris, his father and their faction, ("The Men Who Visit") continued freely catalyzing Mormonism and the Book of Mormon from the Brotherhood's materials. They also used materials from forced and unforced sources including authors of 6 previous publications (#3). In their zeal, with their power, influence and use of violence they were able to greatly reduce the prominence of the publications they borrowed and stole from.
  23. Mormonism's publishings indicate "The Book of Mormon" was originally a 30-60 pound heavy stack of gold plates discovered in a sealed box under a boulder and that the box also included a sword (The Sword of Laban), a spherical compass (The Liahona) and a breast plate with a pair of primitive glasses attached to it. Publishing's indicate that translation of the engraved writings on the plates occurred by Joseph Smith without him looking at the plates but instead by Joseph wearing the Urim and Thummim and iterating out loud the words that appeared to him. If he didn't want to use the plates, he could also use a black stone he had been led to. If he didn't want to use the black stone, he could use a white stone he already had. (1). A scribe who was either his first wife Emma, Martin Harris, David Whitmer or Oliver Cowdery. (2)
  24. Harris' reputation for being wealthy was well known enough that in 1833 he was sued and jailed for $1000 (what some would say is today's economic equivalent of $500,000) by a young woman for publicly saying she had a "bastard child". In that day women couldn't sue a man alone so the suit was brought by a male friend of the woman. Harris posted bail and left. The suit was quietly dismissed under the claim that the woman was already "scandalous" prior to her claims against the well known Harris. (Link available by download through google search "the imprisonment of Martin Harris").
  25. During the following years under Harris control, naive Joseph resisted at times. Joseph tried to break free at times. Joseph sought funding for his own militia. Joseph spoke in code to his militia. As a victim, out of survival or as an eventual participant, Joseph absolutely made mistakes.
  26. A city was built around Mormonism. Harris and his endless river of cash and connections from the Eerie Canal was never far away. Day by day Harris' barges on the Eerie Canal sent one fortune of goods after another to the eastern territories. At the port of New York, the empty barges were loaded with immigrants grateful to have some place inland to go. Stories of the American Bible gave them something to believe in. For one reason or another, many of these early male, female and child immigrants were from Scotland...
  27. Harris and his faction forced Joseph to claim that 24 different angels appeared to Joseph including Adam, Moses, Noah and other biblical characters.
  28. Harris' self-fulfilling prophecy involving patriotically well-connected aristocrats Charles Anthon, Luther Bradish and Samuel L. Mitchell. Note that Bradish was a literary agent of profound, well educated early American author James Fenimore Cooper. Cooper is the author of "The Leatherstocking Tales", "The Last of the Mohicans" and other known titles. Cooper was also a midshipman in the US Navy who was very familiar with the working of ocean vessels. Like Benjamin Franklin, Cooper was known for his intellect and occasionally mischievous creativity. (1) "The Book of Mormon" contains ocean going stories (1) (2). Like Harris, Bradish also fought in the "War of 1812". These are just a few of the critical circles of influence needed to catalyze something like "The Book of Mormon" and Mormonism and to see it through to fruition while minimizing and eliminating obstacles along the way. These are the kind of critical circles of influence that a naive, uneducated, poor, handicapped, gypsy boy from a new-to-the-neighborhood family just did not have.
  29. In 1844, with thousands of immigrant and American born followers spread across many New England territories and elsewhere, Harris secretly ordered Joseph to began preparations to lead Mormonism's followers from Nauvoo into the West to save the failed USA. Instead, the naive Joseph believed he could save the failed USA by becoming President of the USA himself. Believing he was finally too powerful for Harris to kill him, Joseph publicly announced his campaign for President of the USA. With no time to spare, the zealous, patriotic Harris immediately ordered the murder of Joseph Smith and two of his three remaining brothers. Within weeks of Joseph's presidential announcement Joseph and his older brother Hyrum were arrested and killed within days (June 27, 1844). With thousands of followers, his own militia and the bounties of an entire growing city at his fingertips, Joseph allowed himself to be arrested believing that he and Harris would reconcile. After Joseph and Hyrum's murder however, in an insidious taunt to other less heinous factions who's attempts failed to gain a following and to remove all obstacles at seeing his own faction's plans through, Harris ordered the murder of younger brother Samuel Smith 33 days later (July 30, 1844). The number 33 is significant within the Brotherhood. For one reason or another Harris spared the Smith females (Mother Lucy Mack, daughter's Sophronia, Katherine, Lucy) and the youngest living Smith son at the time William. In all, 6 Smith male family members including Alvin (murder), Joseph Smith Sr. (suspicious), Don Carlos (illness), Hyrum (murder), Joseph (murder) and Samuel (murder) died during the Lord's careful "Restoration of the Gospel".
  30. After Joseph's unbelievable, tragic and violent murder Mormonism split into multiple groups with several different leaders emerging. Some believed in polygamy some didn't. 1) Brigham eventually led the majority into the West. 2) Joseph's family and first wife Emma stayed in Nauvoo. 3) Other followers went to Philadelphia. 4) Others went on a ship to sail to the continent's west coast with Samuel Brannan (who pulled a page from Benjamin Franklin's book of propaganda and sensationalism and started the gold rush of 1849 by publishing reports of gold in the area in eastern markets. Brannan is recognized by many as the west coast's first millionaire although not from "gold". Like many others in Mormonism's founding days publishings indicate Brannan was also eventually "exiled" from Mormonism). 5) Other's followed James Strange (Strange was Harris' back up plan in case Brigham was killed or failed. Strange led a following to northern territories on the Great Lakes. Harris was never far away from Strange. Strange eventually also produced "writings" from plates he claimed he was led to. (Harris is noted within Mormon history as being responsible for "losing" 116 pages of writings Joseph produced). Strange was murdered 9 years after Brigham Young stopped his following at the salt lake in the center of the West and the West was won.
  31. During this period other people would mysteriously die or disappear. Harris and/or people claiming to be associated with the US Government were never far away. (1)
  32. Within two years of Mormonism conquering the West, US states started being formed on paper again. This ended the quarter century blight that began shortly before Mormonism's founding days. (1)
  33. When it came time for Brigham Young to commission a statue to commemorate Mormonism's settling of "Salt Lake City" and to be placed at the entrance to his expansive "Utah Territory" property instead of choosing an angel Moroni, a figure of Joseph, or anything related to Mormonism he chose an eagle on top of a 5-pointed star. This statue commemorating the "Gate for the Eagle" became known as "The Eagles Gate". These symbols acknowledged the conquering of the American continent's West by Freemasonry under the banner of the USA. Although the "Eagle" has always been highly visible, the "Star" is seldom mentioned publicly but is clearly visible in person and in many images. This Star is also used throughout Mormonism's early ecclesiastical buildings. Note that in the 1970's some groups with nefarious purposes adopted the 5-pointed star ("pentagram") as a purported satanic symbol however among different uses related to the USA, it had been used for over a century to also represent the rising Eastern Star.
  34. Between his 15 year old child cousin bride Lucy (10 years his junior) and his mysterious bride Caroline (29 years his junior), Martin Harris fathered 13 living children through the two females nubile wombs. Today there are 13 secret corporations that control Mormonism's $100 billion dollars.
  35. Images of Martin Harris in his later years (1870) show him holding a staff with a serpant's head. 116 years before, Benjamin Franklin used a serpant as patriotic imagery (1754).
  36. Although images of just about everyone else in Mormonism's founding days exist, Mormonism maintains that no images of Joseph Smith exist. Instead, they elect to use handsome cartoon renderings of Joseph Smith that generate millions of dollars in revenue every year. This is while Mormonism also ignores reports of at least one photograph and forensic science that indicates a less sensationalized image of Joseph Smith. Naturally, this image also demonstrates more family semblance with Alvin Smith than the cartoon images do.
  37. Of all figures in Mormonism's beginnings the grave marker of the forgotten Martin Harris is by far the most substantial. Joseph Smith doesn't even have his own marker. His is shared with his brother Hyrum and his first wife Emma even though Emma married a non-Mormon on Joseph Smith's birthday 3 years later. Mormonism goes to great lengths to hide Emma's marriage to a non-mormon after Joseph's murder especially with the critical role of Emma that has been weaved throughout Mormonism and the translation.
  38. Polygamy openly continued for over 60 years before being renounced so Utah could officially become a State. Polygamy continued privately for decades and continues still in many ways due to Mormonism maintaining spiritual polygamy.
  39. Mormonism openly practicing racism until 1978.
  40. Nepotistic connections through blood or marriage existed throughout Mormonism's founding days with the 3 witnesses and the 8 witnesses and continues today. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5). Note that of the "3 Witnesses" Martin Harris was one. One was also a "Whitmer". 4 of the "8 Witnesses" were Whitmer's. "Hyrum Page" of the "8 Witnesses" was married to a Whitmer. Joseph Smith's father and two brothers make up the rest of the "8". All most all of the witnesses eventually left Mormonism but out of fear of retribution from Harris' faction they never recanted their stories or roles in Mormonism.
  41. Today Mormonism is a nepotistic (1) (2) (3) (4) $150 Billion tax-free corporation masquerading as a "religion". It owns influential roles in companies you know and use everyday. $100 Billion of that ill-gotten wealth places Mormonism among the top 5 of the largest cash reserves in the USA. Additional billions are held in real estate development (one example), media control (NBC-UTAH), the USA's largest cattle producer, the USA's largest nut producer, Universities in Utah, Idaho and Hawaii (BYU) and billions of dollars more in tax free capital raising buildings disguised as chapels, temples and other "ecclesiastical" buildings. Even though Mormonism continues to have lie after lie revealed about it, it maintains disturbing nepotistic control over the State of Utah and it's political, legal, municipal, educational and media offices as well as it's global at-risk "volunteer" force of tens of thousands of teenagers).
  42. If Mormonism doesn't seem like an insidious regime yet this link should make it perfectly clear.

This all means that Today, Utah's population of 3 million people and millions of others around the globe are subject to a nepotistic, evil regime and are in DESPERATE need of rescue by the Federal Government.
MR. PRESIDENT PLEASE HELP US!
"Save Utah Save The Nation"
submitted by VoxChiasmus to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.07.22 23:44 VoxChiasmus 42 Reasons A Colonial Military Cult Disguised As a Religion Saved the Failed USA Then Nepotistically Grew To Become A Modern Evil Regime With $100 Billion At It's Fingertips.

  1. After the 8 year long revolutionary war ended in 1783, the "United States of America" still faltered countless times in the coming decades. Easterly landlocked colonial territories outlined on paper as "States" could not come together as "One Nation". Different military's, militias, brotherhoods, factions, factions within factions, slavery and counterfeit money bred constant chaos. For many periods over those following decades attacks from Great Britain, Spain, France, Mexico and the warring Indian tribes they supplied meant the easterly landlocked territories were doomed to be conquered by one nation or another. (Even Russia had a trade presence on the west coast) Year in and year out, every day and every night, every primitive, easterly landlocked, colonial territory's survival was threatened. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

  1. The Nation needed to expand West to save Freedom but the unorganized military was spread too thin. Some settlers made progress with peaceful Native American tribes yet wagon trains of settlers who dared to venture West were still violently slaughtered by warring Indian tribes. Young, old, no one was spared. Stories of the violent massacres kept many settlers held up in the landlocked territories. Other's fled back to England. Still others came. (1) (2)

  1. The guiding hand of a centuries old Scottish Brotherhood can be seen throughout the USA's founding decades. Known founding fathers George Washington (1732-1799), Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), Paul Revere (1735-1818), John Hancock (1736-1793) and others were members of the Brotherhood's different factions within factions spread across the territories. Hidden history reveals so much more about these founding fathers than many know. For example, George Washington still owned 300 slaves upon his death. Paul Revere was a master of metals and an entrepreneur and his clients included the US Government (1) (2). Dynamic Oligarch, Governor, Inventor and swimmer Benjamin Franklin (1) (2) might one day go down in history as a colonial version of Bruce Wayne/Batman. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5))

  1. Faraway on the other side of the globe, during the same time the revolutionary war was going on, England's Captain James Cook, a global explorer and close associate of the Brotherhood, led the discovery of what would become Hawaii. He saw firsthand how polygamy could grow a nation quickly. Word of the native island people and their bounty of ancestral legends, ocean going stories and treasure traveled around the globe and throughout the Brotherhood's ranks on both sides of the Atlantic. Among the native's Cook and his crew were first revered as immortals but about a year later Cook was attacked and killed as an imposter. This did not phase other explorers and visitors. Travel by ship to the islands became so familiar during colonial times that when conquering Hawaiian King Kamehameha passed away his drunken son LihoLiho, who carried the King's title in name only, traded away a substantial portion of the island's treasures for a yacht built by a Salem, Massachusetts family prominent in seafaring, politics and the military (Crowninshield). After the yacht reached the islands in 1820 it was extensively and expensively remodeled under LihoLiho's orders. It suspiciously sank in a Kauai bay less than two years later and LihoLiho suspiciously died on a peculiar, ill fated trip to Great Britain in 1824. (1) (2) (3)

  1. In the failing US Territories of the late 1700's and early 1800's, patriotic leaders prayed and planned and searched for ways to save the failed Nation. Guidance was sought. Plans were constantly suggested and evaluated. Different members of the Brotherhood secretly suggested laying the foundation for a massive religious following built by polygamy to successfully pave the way West so the failed Nation could expand and be saved.

  1. During this critical time, at least 14 stories of different people having similar "religious" experiences popped up around the territories. None of them created a great following. (1)

  1. During the 34 years spanning 1787-1821, the US's first 24 easterly landlocked states were formed on paper. However, 61% of these states were formed during the first 16 years of that period. For the last 18 years of that period, the pace of forming states had come to a violent halt with only 7 being formed. The chaotic territory known on paper as the "USA" was on the doorstep of imminent failure and what would become a quarter century blight where only two more states would be formed on paper. (1821-1845) (1)

  1. That 1821-1845 time period coincidentally also covers 99.9% of the time that the published, foundational beginnings of "Mormonism" occurred. 1820 is the published year of Joseph Smith's First Vision. 1847 is the published year Brigham Young strategically ordered his west coast bound following to suddenly stop in Mexico Territory at an enormous salt filled lake smack dab in the center of the American continent's untamed West. Even though it was in Mexico Territory at the time, the location of this Great Salt Lake was perfectly centralized in the continent's West and could serve as the doorstep to how the West could be won. Over the next 20 years after Brigham Young's arrival an estimated 60,000-70,000 faithful pioneers would follow. Many were followers of Mormonism. Many practiced polygamy. Many would be sent in all direction of the West to faithfully colonize strategic territories and pave the way for the Nation's armies (1).

  1. For nearly 195 years, Mormonism has surreptitiously weaved historical claims about a man named "Martin Harris" (1783-1875). Mormonism claims Harris was a humble farmer who's greedy wife left him after he mortgaged their family farm to faithfully pay today's equivalent of hundreds of thousands of dollars for the first publishing of the boy Joseph Smith's "The Book of Mormon" and that shortly after that economic failure and other critical founding roles Harris lost faith in Mormonism but later rejoined Mormonism in Utah at the very end of his 92 year long life. (1)) (2) Hidden history reveals that these claims about Harris ARE EXACTLY HOW HE WANTED IT. The purveyors of Mormonism go to great lengths to perpetuate these myths about Harris even today. If you don't accept the boy "Joseph Smith" as a child prophet who grew into a man prophet, Harris' purveyors of Mormonism want you to hate Joseph Smith as an impossible genius-con artist-pedophile so you fail to see the truth of who Harris really was and what Harris really did.

  1. "History is written by the victor" and the past two centuries demonstrate that Harris definitely was the victor. This is because in reality Harris' "greedy wife" "Lucy" was actually his child cousin. Yes she was a child. Yes she was his first cousin. She was 15 and he was 25 when he forced her to marry him. Yet within Mormonism story after story leaves this critical detail out. Additionally for one reason or another Lucy became partially deaf over the next 20 years. There is also at least one report that in addition to sexually abusing this child Harris also physically abused her. This is an indication of Harris' proclivity to control children. Harris eventually fathered 6 children) through Lucy's nubile womb. 28 years later and after being physically separated from Harris for years, Lucy suspiciously died at the age of 42. Weeks later then 52 year old Harris married 21 year old Caroline Young. A niece of Brigham Young. He fathered 7 children through here nubile womb.

  1. Like the Crowninshield's and other influential families throughout critical parts of the chaotic New England territories, The Harris family was also wealthy, well connected and zealously patriotic. With his father Nathan Harris, and his brothers (Emer and Preserved) Martin controlled hundreds of productive acres in the Palmyra, New York region with complex operations producing a river of revenue from livestock and linen. Martin Harris' father Nathan Harris and mother Rhoda Lapham Harris originally moved the Harris family to the Palmyra, New York area in 1796, 20 years before the poverty stricken Smith's would arrive practically on Harris' doorstep. (1) (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)

  1. The white linen Martin produced was so exceptional that he won several awards for it. Since Mormonism's beginning days, the wearing of multiple layers of white clothing has been expected of followers. For decades manufacturing this clothing and selling it to followers has been a secret, multi-million dollar industry for Mormonism. The white clothing includes under garments for daily wear by males and females as well as outer garments for wear in private ceremonies. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)

  1. Harris was a zealous patriot. At 29 years old, four years after forcing his child cousin to marry him, he began regularly leaving his life of power, wealth and marriage as a "Harris" to regularly fight during the 3 years of "The War of 1812". ( "The War of 1812" was actually "The War of 1812-1815".) Harris was recognized as a leader and an honored war veteran at war's end. As an honored war veteran, is it safe to suggest that he became familiar with killing in the name of patriotism as wars require of brave men and women (1) ?

  1. Harris was a convincing story teller. He once got people to donate money for what he claimed would be used to support the Christian Greeks fighting the Turks. He also claimed Jesus appeared to him in the form of a deer and walked with him for a couple miles. He also claimed an incident regarding a flickering candle was the work of the devil. (1) (2))

  1. After the War of 1812, the well respected, wealthy, influential, honored, 33 year old Martin Harris was nominated to be "Road Overseer" in the Palmyra region. A position he controlled for the next 7 years. This included the 7 years it took to finally construct New England's Eerie Canal.

  1. The dynamic Harris was an influential supporter of the Eerie Canal and it's possible route. Harris made sure the route passed by he and his father's lands. This would expand their river of cash and operations to the eastern territories in exponential ways. This river of cash would be used by many to finance business and patriotic endeavors in the failed Nation. (1) Prior to the Eerie Canal "New York" was way down on the list of in-demand territorial ports. Historical economist's acknowledge that the Eerie Canal made New York the leading port and global economic powerhouse that it has been for nearly two centuries.

  1. The boy Joseph Smith Jr. was born December 23, 1805. The poverty stricken Smith family relocated 8 times in the chaotic New England area during Joseph's Smith Jr.'s first 10 years. If they were in Europe they may have been referred to as "gypsys". With Great Britain's latest attack and eventual retreat underway after the War of 1812, the Smith family with it's many sons of working age moved to Palmyra in 1816 in search of work on the controversial, to be built "Eerie Canal". (To this day, published Mormon history acts as if the Eerie Canal doesn't exist.)

  1. During these colonial decades, almost 1 in 5 children did not survive their first year. The Smith family was no exception. Although some children are not listed here in 1816 the living and to-be-born members of Smith family included Joseph Smith Sr. (father, 45, d. 1840), Lucy Mack Smith (Mother, 41, d. 1856), Alvin Smith (son, 18, d. 1823), Hyrum Smith (son, 16, d. 1844), Sophronia (daughter, 13, d. 1876), Joseph Smith Jr. (son, 10, d. 1844), Samuel Smith (son, 8 d. 1844), William Smith (son, 5, d. 1894), Katherine Smith (daughter, 3, d. 1900), Don Carlos (son, newborn, d. 1841). Lucy Smith would be born 5 years later, d. 1882). Shortly after arriving in the Palmyra region, the poverty stricken, uneducated Smith family took over a primitive cabin less than 1 mile from Harris's lands that bordered the future route of Eerie Canal. This was the Smith family's 8th move in Joseph Smith Jr.'s 10 years. After moving so many times, they absolutely moved here to gain work on the Eerie Canal. This move would be the families last. Mother Lucy Smith would bury all but one Smith male during the first 25 years of Mormonism's beginnings. (1)

  1. Harris was 22 years older than Joseph Smith. As a well known, wealthy local and "Road Overseer" who regularly hired local boys and men to work on his own lands, Harris met the Smith family with it's many sons around 1816 when Smith's moved to Palmyra. Harris did not live within 1 mile of the Smith family for 8 or 10 years before meeting them as Mormon history weaves. Harris likely learned of the arrival of the Smith family within days of their arrival to Palmyra through longtime Palmyra residents including the resident who owned the tiny primitive cabin the large Smith family moved into. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black, map, page 6)

  1. Within published Mormonism there are also conflicting accounts spanning three violent chaotic colonial years when Martin Harris met "Joseph Smith". Some accounts claim it was 1824, some claim it was 1827. This would have been when Joseph Smith was 18...or 21. Another ignored, critical discrepancy. (1) (2)

  1. In the early 1800, as years of chaotic uncertainty unfolded, for one reason or another Harris appropriated the Brotherhood's patriotic goals for the Nation for himself. Among other things he knew of the other religious experiences told by others around the territories. (Harris would eventually become related by marriage to one of the story tellers). Harris saw that a young mans voice was needed for a following to catch on. For that, the powerful Harris chose a young many to be a voice of his own. This voice was that of 18 year old Alvin Smith). However, as Harris laid the ground work for his patriotic cause over the next 4 years, headstrong Alvin resisted. Because Hyrum was also older than 18 after those 4 years and like Alvin would have been privy to some of the Brotherhood's publishing's and ceremonies that Harris borrowed (or stole) from, Harris skipped choosing Hyrum as a potential "voice" and chose Joseph, the dynamic, naïve, uneducated, friendly, 14 year old boy who walked with a limp. This is now the year 1820 and is when the boy Joseph's published stories begin. 4 years later though, Alvin was engaged to be married and saw potential for the Smith's without their dependence on the Harris' for work. He began to interfere with the powerful Harris' grooming and temptations of the impressionable Joseph. With the fate of the Nation at stake and no more time to find another voice amid Joseph's waiverings growing ever more critical as he too approached the age of 18, the wealthy, zealous, altruistic, powerful, patriotic Harris ordered Alvin's murder . It was just four and a half weeks before Joseph's 18th birthday. After Alvin's death, Harris used threats towards other Smith family members to ensure Joseph would not waiver. Fearing for the rest of his family and now 3 year old little Lucy, and with no "911" to call and no one else to come to their aid, 17 year old Joseph and the rest of the Smith family would become Harris' emotional hostages for the next two decades. Just like Harris had done with his child cousin who he forced to marry him, Harris had gained control of the boy Joseph and the Smiths.

  1. The powerful Harris, his father and their faction, ("The Men Who Visit") continued freely catalyzing Mormonism and the Book of Mormon from the Brotherhood's materials. They also used materials from forced and unforced sources including authors of 6 previous publications (#3). In their zeal, with their power, influence and use of violence they were able to greatly reduce the prominence of the publications they borrowed and stole from.

  1. Mormonism's publishings indicate "The Book of Mormon" was originally a 30-60 pound heavy stack of gold plates discovered in a sealed box under a boulder and that the box also included a sword (The Sword of Laban), a spherical compass (The Liahona) and a breast plate with a pair of primitive glasses attached to it. Publishing's indicate that translation of the engraved writings on the plates occurred by Joseph Smith without him looking at the plates but instead by Joseph wearing the Urim and Thummim and iterating out loud the words that appeared to him. If he didn't want to use the plates, he could also use a black stone he had been led to. If he didn't want to use the black stone, he could use a white stone he already had. (1). A scribe who was either his first wife Emma, Martin Harris, David Whitmer or Oliver Cowdery. (2)

  1. Harris' reputation for being wealthy was well known enough that in 1833 he was sued and jailed for $1000 (what some would say is today's economic equivalent of $500,000) by a young woman for publicly saying she had a "bastard child". In that day women couldn't sue a man alone so the suit was brought by a male friend of the woman. Harris posted bail and left. The suit was quietly dismissed under the claim that the woman was already "scandalous" prior to her claims against the well known Harris. (Link available by download through google search "the imprisonment of Martin Harris").

  1. During the following years under Harris control, naive Joseph resisted at times. Joseph tried to break free at times. Joseph sought funding for his own militia. Joseph spoke in code to his militia. As a victim, out of survival or as an eventual participant, Joseph absolutely made mistakes.

  1. A city was built around Mormonism. Harris and his endless river of cash and connections from the Eerie Canal was never far away. Day by day Harris' barges on the Eerie Canal sent one fortune of goods after another to the eastern territories. At the port of New York, the empty barges were loaded with immigrants grateful to have some place inland to go. Stories of the American Bible gave them something to believe in. For one reason or another, many of these early male, female and child immigrants were from Scotland...

  1. Harris and his faction forced Joseph to claim that 24 different angels appeared to Joseph including Adam, Moses, Noah and other biblical characters.

  1. Harris' self-fulfilling prophecy involving patriotically well-connected aristocrats Charles Anthon, Luther Bradish and Samuel L. Mitchell. Note that Bradish was a literary agent of profound, well educated early American author James Fenimore Cooper. Cooper is the author of "The Leatherstocking Tales", "The Last of the Mohicans" and other known titles. Cooper was also a midshipman in the US Navy who was very familiar with the working of ocean vessels. Like Benjamin Franklin, Cooper was known for his intellect and occasionally mischievous creativity. (1) "The Book of Mormon" contains ocean going stories (1) (2). Like Harris, Bradish also fought in the "War of 1812". These are just a few of the critical circles of influence needed to catalyze something like "The Book of Mormon" and Mormonism and to see it through to fruition while minimizing and eliminating obstacles along the way. These are the kind of critical circles of influence that a naive, uneducated, poor, handicapped, gypsy boy from a new-to-the-neighborhood family just did not have.

  1. In 1844, with thousands of immigrant and American born followers spread across many New England territories and elsewhere, Harris secretly ordered Joseph to began preparations to lead Mormonism's followers from Nauvoo into the West to save the failed USA. Instead, the naive Joseph believed he could save the failed USA by becoming President of the USA himself. Believing he was finally too powerful for Harris to kill him, Joseph publicly announced his campaign for President of the USA. With no time to spare, the zealous, patriotic Harris immediately ordered the murder of Joseph Smith and two of his three remaining brothers. Within weeks of Joseph's presidential announcement Joseph and his older brother Hyrum were arrested and killed within days (June 27, 1844). With thousands of followers, his own militia and the bounties of an entire growing city at his fingertips, Joseph allowed himself to be arrested believing that he and Harris would reconcile. After Joseph and Hyrum's murder however, in an insidious taunt to other less heinous factions who's attempts failed to gain a following and to remove all obstacles at seeing his own faction's plans through, Harris ordered the murder of younger brother Samuel Smith 33 days later (July 30, 1844). The number 33 is significant within the Brotherhood. For one reason or another Harris spared the Smith females (Mother Lucy Mack, daughter's Sophronia, Katherine, Lucy) and the youngest living Smith son at the time William. In all, 6 Smith male family members including Alvin (murder), Joseph Smith Sr. (suspicious), Don Carlos (illness), Hyrum (murder), Joseph (murder) and Samuel (murder) died during the Lord's careful "Restoration of the Gospel".

  1. After Joseph's unbelievable, tragic and violent murder Mormonism split into multiple groups with several different leaders emerging. Some believed in polygamy some didn't. 1) Brigham eventually led the majority into the West. 2) Joseph's family and first wife Emma stayed in Nauvoo. 3) Other followers went to Philadelphia. 4) Others went on a ship to sail to the continent's west coast with Samuel Brannan (who pulled a page from Benjamin Franklin's book of propaganda and sensationalism and started the gold rush of 1849 by publishing reports of gold in the area in eastern markets. Brannan is recognized by many as the west coast's first millionaire although not from "gold". Like many others in Mormonism's founding days publishings indicate Brannan was also eventually "exiled" from Mormonism). 5) Other's followed James Strange (Strange was Harris' back up plan in case Brigham was killed or failed. Strange led a following to northern territories on the Great Lakes. Harris was never far away from Strange. Strange eventually also produced "writings" from plates he claimed he was led to. (Harris is noted within Mormon history as being responsible for "losing" 116 pages of writings Joseph produced). Strange was murdered 9 years after Brigham Young stopped his following at the salt lake in the center of the West and the West was won.

  1. During this period other people would mysteriously die or disappear. Harris and/or people claiming to be associated with the US Government were never far away. (1)

  1. Within two years of Mormonism conquering the West, US states started being formed on paper again. This ended the quarter century blight that began shortly before Mormonism's founding days. (1)

  1. When it came time for Brigham Young to commission a statue to commemorate Mormonism's settling of "Salt Lake City" and to be placed at the entrance to his expansive "Utah Territory" property instead of choosing an angel Moroni, a figure of Joseph, or anything related to Mormonism he chose an eagle on top of a 5-pointed star. This statue commemorating the "Gate for the Eagle" became known as "The Eagles Gate". These symbols acknowledged the conquering of the American continent's West by Freemasonry under the banner of the USA. Although the "Eagle" has always been highly visible, the "Star" is seldom mentioned publicly but is clearly visible in person and in many images. This Star is also used throughout Mormonism's early ecclesiastical buildings. Note that in the 1970's some groups with nefarious purposes adopted the 5-pointed star ("pentagram") as a purported satanic symbol however among different uses related to the USA, it had been used for over a century to also represent the rising Eastern Star.

  1. Between his 15 year old child cousin bride Lucy (10 years his junior) and his mysterious bride Caroline (29 years his junior), Martin Harris fathered 13 living children through the two females nubile wombs. Today there are 13 secret corporations that control Mormonism's $100 billion dollars.

  1. Images of Martin Harris in his later years (1870) show him holding a staff with a serpant's head. 116 years before, Benjamin Franklin used a serpant as patriotic imagery (1754).

  1. Although images of just about everyone else in Mormonism's founding days exist, Mormonism maintains that no images of Joseph Smith exist. Instead, they elect to use handsome cartoon renderings of Joseph Smith that generate millions of dollars in revenue every year. This is while Mormonism also ignores reports of at least one photograph and forensic science that indicates a less sensationalized image of Joseph Smith. Naturally, this image also demonstrates more family semblance with Alvin Smith than the cartoon images do.

  1. Of all figures in Mormonism's beginnings the grave marker of the forgotten Martin Harris is by far the most substantial. Joseph Smith doesn't even have his own marker. His is shared with his brother Hyrum and his first wife Emma even though Emma married a non-Mormon on Joseph Smith's birthday 3 years later. Mormonism goes to great lengths to hide Emma's marriage to a non-mormon after Joseph's murder especially with the critical role of Emma that has been weaved throughout Mormonism and the translation.

  1. Polygamy openly continued for over 60 years before being renounced so Utah could officially become a State. Polygamy continued privately for decades and continues still in many ways due to Mormonism maintaining spiritual polygamy.

  1. Mormonism openly practicing racism until 1978.

  1. Nepotistic connections through blood or marriage existed throughout Mormonism's founding days with the 3 witnesses and the 8 witnesses and continues today. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5). Note that of the "3 Witnesses" Martin Harris was one. One was also a "Whitmer". 4 of the "8 Witnesses" were Whitmer's. "Hyrum Page" of the "8 Witnesses" was married to a Whitmer. Joseph Smith's father and two brothers make up the rest of the "8". All most all of the witnesses eventually left Mormonism but out of fear of retribution from Harris' faction they never recanted their stories or roles in Mormonism.

  1. Today Mormonism is a nepotistic (1) (2) (3) (4) $150 Billion tax-free corporation masquerading as a "religion". It owns influential roles in companies you know and use everyday. $100 Billion of that ill-gotten wealth places Mormonism among the top 5 of the largest cash reserves in the USA. Additional billions are held in real estate development (one example), media control (NBC-UTAH), the USA's largest cattle producer, the USA's largest nut producer, Universities in Utah, Idaho and Hawaii (BYU) and billions of dollars more in tax free capital raising buildings disguised as chapels, temples and other "ecclesiastical" buildings. Even though Mormonism continues to have lie after lie revealed about it, it maintains disturbing nepotistic control over the State of Utah and it's political, legal, municipal, educational and media offices as well as it's global at-risk "volunteer" force of tens of thousands of teenagers).

  1. If Mormonism doesn't seem like an insidious regime yet this link should make it perfectly clear.

There's Only One Option for "What Happens Now?":
The boy Joseph Smith WAS a victim and his participation in Mormonism was out of survival as these 42 reasons reveal. This means that today, Utah's population of 3 million people and millions of others around the globe are subject to a nepotistic, evil regime and are in DESPERATE need of federal intervention. IT should immediately begin by seeing a Federal presence in Utah NOW.
MR. PRESIDENT PLEASE HELP US. SAVE UTAH, SAVE THE NATION.

As a Nation, as the "USA", we owe a national reverence to victims of the Eradication of the Native Americans, victims of Slavery and victims of Mormonism. We also owe it to these victims to continue courageously making this Nation the best it can be.

Thank you to the many invisible contributors who's brave research over the decades is linked in this post. Your efforts are not lost on me.

Remember that not all conspirators within Mormonism's nepotistic leadership may be there willingly. Like Alvin, the boy Joseph, Hyrum, Samuel and so many other victims along the way, their actions may be because their lives or the lives of their loved ones have also been threatened...it's in there actions now that we will know the truth about them.
GOD HELP US ALL.
-MJ
aka "Vox Chiasmus"
submitted by VoxChiasmus to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.07.21 23:39 coolguy23445 Comp Eng 2nd Year (6 credits or 6.5?)

Is 2nd-year comp eng (electronics) a 6 credit term load, cause according to this approved list, it comes up to a total of 6 credits in draftmyschedule. But in my student center and go to enrollment dates, it says term load 6.5 credits. I double-checked to make sure I chose all my courses correctly, was there a choice of taking a nontechnical elective I wasn't aware of?
submitted by coolguy23445 to uwo [link] [comments]


2020.05.25 14:07 SnapshillBot Archives for /r/TheBluePill/comments/gq9u80/ive_made_a_comprehensive_and_exhaustive_list_of/

Talking with feeeemales since 2013
Snapshots:
  1. I’ve made a comprehensive and exhau... - archive.org, archive.today
  2. sexual activity without consent is ... - archive.org, archive.today*
  3. Some - archive.org, archive.today
  4. many - archive.org, archive.today
  5. this teenager - archive.org, archive.today
  6. not true - archive.org, archive.today
  7. this ostensibly well-meaning colleg... - archive.org, archive.today*
  8. this guy - archive.org, archive.today*
  9. this guy - archive.org, archive.today
  10. this 'comedian' - archive.org, archive.today
  11. this 'well-liked kid' who thought g... - archive.org, archive.today
  12. one of the most common types of rap... - archive.org, archive.today*
  13. perpetrators tend to see their beha... - archive.org, archive.today
  14. sexual assault is a tractable probl... - archive.org, archive.today
  15. rationalize their behavior - archive.org, archive.today
  16. advocates - archive.org, archive.today*
  17. can actually reduce the incidence o... - archive.org, archive.today
  18. An overwhelming majority of people ... - archive.org, archive.today
  19. unambiguous - archive.org, archive.today
  20. even an unwanted kiss can be fatal ... - archive.org, archive.today
  21. "Token resistance" to sex is virtually nonexistent, particularly for first encounters - archive.org, archive.today
  22. even if the person has sent extreme... - archive.org, archive.today
  23. engaged in some sexual contact - archive.org, archive.today*
  24. as many sexual offenses often entai... - archive.org, archive.today
  25. As in other social interactions, - archive.org, archive.today
  26. are still rejections - archive.org, archive.today
  27. is still sexual assault - archive.org, archive.today
  28. are capable of understanding these ... - archive.org, archive.today*
  29. misrepresent their own actions to g... - archive.org, archive.today
  30. re-labeling sexual assault or rape ... - archive.org, archive.today
  31. like domestic abusers, rapists ofte... - archive.org, archive.today
  32. that are considered rude - archive.org, archive.today
  33. more likely to be physically violen... - archive.org, archive.today
  34. 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 men has exp... - archive.org, archive.today
  35. Most young women expect words to be... - archive.org, archive.today
  36. 43% of young men actually ask for v... - archive.org, archive.today
  37. are more common than nonverbal indi... - archive.org, archive.today
  38. increases the likelihood of orgasm ... - archive.org, archive.today*
  39. Consent is not synonymous with arousal - archive.org, archive.today
  40. an erect penis - archive.org, archive.today
  41. erect nipples - archive.org, archive.today
  42. and still not want to have sex - archive.org, archive.today
  43. often have a physiological sexual r... - archive.org, archive.today
  44. may increase risk of sexually coerc... - archive.org, archive.today
  45. studies consistently show - archive.org, archive.today
  46. 93% have misperceived sexual intere... - archive.org, archive.today
  47. most correct their understanding - archive.org, archive.today
  48. when the victim's interest is even ... - archive.org, archive.today
  49. orgasm, that does not retroactively... - archive.org, archive.today*
  50. women fake orgasms is to end unwant... - archive.org, archive.today
  51. hasn't consented is still sexual as... - archive.org, archive.today
  52. one may consent to one form of sexu... - archive.org, archive.today
  53. happen during a hookup when a man f... - archive.org, archive.today
  54. do not achieve orgasm during one-ni... - archive.org, archive.today
  55. less likely to want to engage in in... - archive.org, archive.today
  56. Physical resistance is not required on the part of the victim to demonstrate lack of consent - archive.org, archive.today*
  57. nor does the law require evidence o... - archive.org, archive.today
  58. are more likely to end up physicall... - archive.org, archive.today
  59. may be small, but the consequences ... - archive.org, archive.today
  60. Consent - archive.org, archive.today
  61. legally - archive.org, archive.today
  62. must - archive.org, archive.today
  63. specific to engage in the sexual ac... - archive.org, archive.today
  64. accepting an alcoholic beverage - archive.org, archive.today
  65. going to a date's room - archive.org, archive.today
  66. getting undressed - archive.org, archive.today
  67. likelihood for future consent - archive.org, archive.today
  68. verbally - archive.org, archive.today
  69. pulling away - archive.org, archive.today
  70. other - archive.org, archive.today
  71. Submitting to sex - archive.org, archive.today
  72. not legally - archive.org, archive.today
  73. same as consenting to sex - archive.org, archive.today
  74. Some sex offenders kill their victi... - archive.org, archive.today
  75. victims often become compliant duri... - archive.org, archive.today
  76. It's possible - archive.org, archive.today
  77. too intoxicated - archive.org, archive.today
  78. give valid consent - archive.org, archive.today
  79. alcohol is not an aphrodisiac. - archive.org, archive.today
  80. Most college sexual assaults occur ... - archive.org, archive.today
  81. is a tactic used by some perpetrato... - archive.org, archive.today
  82. they cannot consent - archive.org, archive.today
  83. Here are some easy ways to tell if ... - archive.org, archive.today
  84. increases the risk of sexual offend... - archive.org, archive.today
  85. certain high-risk men - archive.org, archive.today*
  86. Wearing someone down by repeatedly asking for sex until they "consent" to sex is a form of coercion - archive.org, archive.today
  87. must - archive.org, archive.today
  88. human rights violation has occurred - archive.org, archive.today
  89. Silence is not consent - archive.org, archive.today
  90. Fighting, fleeing, and - archive.org, archive.today
  91. men are not in a constant state of ... - archive.org, archive.today
  92. by surprise - archive.org, archive.today
  93. of the opportunity - archive.org, archive.today
  94. communicate nonconsent - archive.org, archive.today
  95. often a long period of uncertainty ... - archive.org, archive.today
  96. ethically - archive.org, archive.today
  97. legally - archive.org, archive.today*
  98. before removing a condom - archive.org, archive.today*
  99. STIs are on the rise - archive.org, archive.today*
  100. unaware they have an STI they can t... - archive.org, archive.today*
  101. no reliable HPV test for men - archive.org, archive.today
  102. herpes might cause Alzheimer's - archive.org, archive.today*
  103. The NISVS includes using lies or false promises to obtain sex in their definition of sexual coercion - archive.org, archive.today*
  104. pretending to be someone's S.O., pr... - archive.org, archive.today
  105. Marriage is not an automatic form of consent - archive.org, archive.today*
  106. may be even worse - archive.org, archive.today
  107. Consent is at least as important (and just as required) in BDSM relationships - archive.org, archive.today
  108. sexual fantasies involving dominanc... - archive.org, archive.today
  109. no one - archive.org, archive.today*
  110. Most rape victims are in denial, so... - archive.org, archive.today
  111. Regret is a virtually non-existent ... - archive.org, archive.today*
  112. Yale's sexual misconduct examples - archive.org, archive.today
  113. Purdue's consent policy - archive.org, archive.today
  114. Illinois' - archive.org, archive.today
  115. Michigan's - archive.org, archive.today
  116. Harvard's - archive.org, archive.today
  117. Stanford's - archive.org, archive.today
  118. Wisconsin's - archive.org, archive.today
  119. Minnesota's - archive.org, archive.today
  120. Wyoming's - archive.org, archive.today
  121. Indiana's - archive.org, archive.today
  122. Arkansas' - archive.org, archive.today
  123. California's - archive.org, archive.today
  124. Canada's - archive.org, archive.today*
  125. Spain's - archive.org, archive.today*
  126. Sweden's - archive.org, archive.today
  127. this viral news article - archive.org, archive.today*
I am just a simple bot, *not** a moderator of this subreddit* bot subreddit contact the maintainers
submitted by SnapshillBot to SnapshillBotEx [link] [comments]


2020.05.25 14:05 ILikeNeurons I’ve made a comprehensive and exhaustive list of the most common misconceptions about sexual consent. Use this as a resource to destroy incel’s arguments!

It's important to understand sexual consent because sexual activity without consent is sexual assault. Before you flip out about how "everyone knows what consent is," that is absolutely not correct! Some (in fact, many) people are legit confused about what constitutes consent, such as this teenager who admitted he would ass-rape a girl because he learned from porn that girls like anal sex (overwhelmingly not true, in addition to being irrelevant), or this ostensibly well-meaning college kid who put his friend at STI risk after assuming she was just vying for a relationship when she said no, or this guy from the "ask a rapist thread" who couldn't understand why a sex-positive girl would not have sex with him, or this guy who seemed to think that because a woman was a submissive that meant he could dominate her, or this 'comedian' who haplessly made a public rape confession in the form of a comedy monologue, or this 'well-liked kid' who thought good girls always had to fight a little the first time. In fact, researchers have found that in acquaintance rape--one of the most common types of rape--perpetrators tend to see their behavior as seduction, not rape, or they somehow believe the rape justified.
Yet sexual assault is a tractable problem. Offenders often rationalize their behavior by whether society will let them get away with it, and the more the rest us confidently understand consent the better advocates we can be for what's right. And yes, a little knowledge can actually reduce the incidence of sexual violence.
So, without further ado, the following are common misconceptions about sexual consent:
If all of this seems obvious, ask yourself how many of these key points were missed in popular analyses of this viral news article.

EDIT: typo
submitted by ILikeNeurons to TheBluePill [link] [comments]


2020.04.24 21:02 SaltMeeting Dr lieber nanotechnology expert

As most of you know about this covid-19 mess and about doctor lieber. If you don’t here’s a link to doctor lieber arrest in relation to wuhan level 4 biolab
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pharvard-university-professor-and-two-chinese-nationals-charged-three-separate-china-related
taken from lieber research group web site http://cml.harvard.edu/
The Lieber group is focused broadly on science and technology at the nanoscale, harnessing the unique physical properties of novel nanomaterials to push scientific boundaries in biology and medicine.
Notice the wording “novel nano-materials”! You will also notice the term “novel Coronavirus” or it other name Covid-19.
This is the definition for the term novel in medicine
adjective Referring to that which is new and/or original—i.e., the invention must never have been made in public in any way, anywhere, before the date on which the application for a patent is filed.
Doctor Lieberman was working on some interesting nanotechnology the link is already provided
Here is some details
Cyborg tissue. We are pursuing the development of novel biomaterials that seamlessly integrate arrays of nanoelectronic devices with synthetic tissues. This highly interdisciplinary work involves implementation of our new paradigm for 3D nanodevice arrays interconnected as tissue scaffolds, together with 3D cell culture and measurement techniques with applications, including advanced tissue-on-chip diagnostics and powerful new actively monitored/controlled tissue implants.
Here is another interesting article on lieber nano wire that are able to sense a virus in your system
http://cml.harvard.edu/assets/Nanotechwire_27Sep04.pdf
Here is Dr liebers patents
https://patents.justia.com/inventocharles-m-lieber?page=5
Yes I’m aware this stuff if way over the top it gives me a headache and I have a computer science degree.
But to get to the point I will guess at what Dr lieber was making. I think he made a nano-self replicating virus that’s creates nano arrays. I think the goal isn’t to create a new virus that detectable it’s made to detect an already existing virus in your system and exploit it to kill someone using an “unknown process”
Some of his patents hint at wireless signal being used to communicate with cell arrays.
The point of this thing is to create a system that allows people to be infected unknowingly and killed basically this thing is ultimate control. It’s like a poison that exist within the person and can be remotely activated when they step out of line
submitted by SaltMeeting to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.02.22 16:25 News2016 Current Presidential Candidate Plans to address the MMIWG crisis

Current Presidential Candidate Plans to address the MMIWG crisis (alphabetical order)
Joe Biden:
Plan on website:
“Reaffirming Tribal sovereignty to support victims and hold offenders accountable, and expanding federal resources for Alaska Native and American Indian women and girls impacted by violence and abuse. First and foremost, the Biden Administration will prioritize the extension of tribal authority against non-Native abusers for sexual assault, stalking, child violence, and trafficking, as called for in VAWA 2019. The Biden Administration will also make more federal resources available for Tribal domestic violence and sexual assault programs by increasing funding set aside for tribes under the Victims of Crime fund (VOCA). To complement these efforts, the Biden Administration will commit to expanding enrollment for all tribal law enforcement agencies to participate in the Tribal Access Program, a Department of Justice initiative to provide American Indian and Alaska Native police with access to national crime information databases. Currently, the vast majority of federally recognized Tribes participate in the program, which severely hinders a nationally accurate count of violent crimes against Native women and girls. To this end, Biden’s plan supports the proposals to tackle the data gaps fueling the epidemic of missing and murdered Native women and girls outlined under Savanna’s Act. “
https://joebiden.com/vawa/
Excerpt from letter to organizers and attendees of Native American Presidential Forum 2020:
“According to the United States Department of Justice, American Indian women are ten times more likely to be murdered than the national average. Four in five American Indian women will experience violence in their lifetimes. Homicide is the third leading cause of death for American Indian girls and women between the ages of 10 and 24. The MMIW crisis has long been a quiet crisis, as federal authorities and federal law enforcement fail to accurately report data or work to find the women who disappear or are murdered. As President of the United States, how would you use your authority to address the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women crisis in Indian Country?
What’s happening to indigenous women on reservations and across the United States is unconscionable and outrageous. And, it’s devastating that families are conducting their own searches for missing loved ones. It must end.
I’ve spent my entire career working to end violence against women. In 1990, I wrote the Violence Against Women Act, and fought for it to be passed four years later. I’m proud to have fought for tribes’ rightful authority to protect Native women from abuse, a battle we won in 2013, when we got the Violence Against Women Act reauthorization to recognize tribes' inherent power to exercise special criminal jurisdiction over non-Indian offenders who commit domestic violence, dating violence, or violate a protection order.
Progress is possible. But for missing and murdered indigenous women and their families, justice remains out of reach.
In October 2019, I sent the vice chair of my campaign Cathy Russell, who was U.S. Ambassador-At-Large for Global Women's Issues in the Obama-Biden Administration, to represent me at the first-ever forum on Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women in the United States. She heard directly from families who lost daughters, sisters, and friends -- and then were left alone to search for their loved ones.
The epidemic of violence against indigenous women and girls is a stain on our past and present. But it does not have to be our future. That's why I support the 2019 reauthorization of VAWA that the House of Representatives has passed, which would expand tribal jurisdiction provisions to address crimes including sexual violence, sex trafficking, and stalking. If it has not become law by the time I enter the White House, it will be one of my top legislative priorities.
We also need better data, better coordination between state, federal, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies, and access for all to health and culturally sensitive social services. That’s why, as president, I will take a comprehensive approach, one that closes the data gap, increases funding and supports tribes in building their own programs, expands tribal authority, grows coordination among law enforcement agencies and provides additional resources to tribal enforcement, and expands access to culturally sensitive resources for victims and survivors. I will ensure that federal law enforcement prioritizes public safety in Indian Country and with engagement from tribal communities.
I believe that this epidemic, and how we decide to address it, cuts to the very core of how we measure ourselves as a society. In 2014, at the White House Tribal Nations Conference, I promised that I would stand by your side in this fight. In 2020 and beyond, I will keep that promise, and join you hand in hand to end this epidemic.”
https://d73a4bd1-25a6-4478-a6d3-8c360246c1c1.filesusr.com/ugd/73e753_556fb3ca05474bb7aaef42ccd891cf26.pdf
Statement submitted to the first-ever MMIW Tribunal (https://www.mmiwtribunal.com):
https://0cb11b9e-0c75-494e-a943-c7e64884b4f9.filesusr.com/ugd/13fe3b_510d5579d09b4e1a86c5c10b0a787c60.pdf
Pete Buttigieg:
Plan on website:
“Tribal sovereignty means being able to access the resources and protections needed to protect and support tribal citizens. Tribal Nations are often blocked by courts when attempting to protect their land bases and community members. Pete will ensure Tribal Nations have the means to protect their people and land, including by affirming tribal jurisdiction over all reservation activity.
Push Congress for a statutory Oliphant fix to affirm tribal jurisdiction over all reservation activity and fully fund tribal judges. Tribal Nations need freedom to manage civil, criminal, and regulatory matters. The 1978 Supreme Court decision in Oliphant v. Suquamish set the stage for the current jurisdictional maze on reservations. As a result, Tribal Nations’ ability to prosecute a crime depends on the type of crime alleged and whether the victim or the accused is an enrolled tribal member. This impunity undermines safety. Many of the crimes committed on reservations are perpetrated by non-Indian residents.To maintain security for their members,Tribal Nations must have the ability to prosecute anyone, regardless of their citizenship.
Within Pete’s first 100 days in office, appoint a commission dedicated to the study of the crisis on missing and murdered indigenous women. Native women are killed at 10 times the rate of non-Native women, and there is reason to believe the number of missing and murdered Native women is significantly undercounted. This commission will be tasked with collecting data and analyzing trends in violence against Native women and developing recommendations for his administration to comprehensively address the issue. Expanding funding to collect data and analyze trends on violence against women in tribal communities will make sure we fully understand the extent of the injustices Native women face. Pete also supports Savanna’s Act and strengthening the protocols and reporting standards surrounding the documentation and investigation of the crisis.
Pete will work with Congress to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Combined with an Oliphant fix clarifying tribal jurisdiction over matters on their lands, Tribal Nations will be empowered to prosecute the full range of violence-related crimes against Native women and girls. Safety is a core human need, yet too often Native women and girls are threatened with epidemic levels of violence. Perpetrators, in contrast, enjoy impunity. These conditions not only have a severe negative impact on the individuals themselves but dramatically undermine sustainable and effective economic development efforts. Pete will ensure that tribal courts will have enhanced powers to prosecute perpetrators of violence, whether Native or non- Native. He will also promote measures to assist domestic violence survivors beyond the criminal justice system, including lessening the harmful economic implications of domestic violence and decreasing barriers to housing and employment.”
https://peteforamerica.com/policies/indian-country/
Statement submitted to the first-ever MMIW Tribunal (https://www.mmiwtribunal.com):
https://0cb11b9e-0c75-494e-a943-c7e64884b4f9.filesusr.com/ugd/13fe3b_1b4cd9c7fffd4fd9922e0701e332098c.pdf
Tulsi Gabbard:
Statement submitted to the first-ever MMIW Tribunal (https://www.mmiwtribunal.com):
https://0cb11b9e-0c75-494e-a943-c7e64884b4f9.filesusr.com/ugd/13fe3b_d374e16fbee54f3194c628ecb0897301.pdf
Bernie Sanders:
Plan on website:
“Reauthorize and expand the Violence Against Women Act to provide critical resources to women in Indian country and allow all tribes to prosecute non-Native criminals. More than 4 in 5 American Indian and Alaska Native women have experienced violence, and more than 1 in 2 have experienced sexual violence. They deserve justice now.”
https://berniesanders.com/issues/empowering-tribal-nations/
Article: "Bernie Sanders Holds Private Meeting with Families of MMIW in Oklahoma" - excerpt:
“In this meeting, Bernie was receptive, he listened, he was sincerely moved by the accounts of the families, and he made a sincere promise to appoint an Attorney General and Department of Justice who will work in tandem with families, tribes, and law enforcement at every level of jurisdiction, in addition to ensuring that native victims and survivors will be able to hold nonnative perpetrators accountable everywhere in this country. Jurisdiction is often a huge barrier to justice for tribal communities, and in addition to data collection and changing the culture of law enforcement, stands as one of the major pillars to ending the nationwide epidemic of missing and murdered indigenous relatives.”
https://lastrealindians.com/news/2019/9/27/bernie-sanders-holds-private-meeting-with-families-of-mmiw-in-oklahoma
Tom Steyer:
Statement submitted to the first-ever MMIW Tribunal (https://www.mmiwtribunal.com):
https://0cb11b9e-0c75-494e-a943-c7e64884b4f9.filesusr.com/ugd/13fe3b_b475263f55134bb9af92f34bc3eff162.pdf
Donald Trump:
While there are no plans addressing either MMIWG specifically or the needs of Indian Country overall on his website, as President, he signed an “Executive Order on Establishing the Task Force on Missing and Murdered American Indians and Alaska Natives” that is further described here:
https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-establishing-task-force-missing-murdered-american-indians-alaska-natives/
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pattorney-general-william-p-barr-launches-national-strategy-address-missing-and-murdered
Elizabeth Warren:
Plan on website:
“PUBLIC SAFETY AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE
“For generations, the federal government has refused to respect Tribal sovereignty in criminal justice matters and failed to support tribes with the resources they need to exercise their own authority. This must change. My plan will recognize the inherent jurisdiction of tribes over their sovereign territory, while providing tribal authorities sufficient funding to provide robust legal systems that deliver justice for victims and due process to criminal defendants. My administration will also launch an unprecedented initiative to address the epidemic of missing and murdered indigenous women.
Restoring Tribal Sovereignty Over Crimes on Native Land
The federal government has failed to recognize that Tribal governments, as sovereigns, have the inherent right to prosecute non-Natives on Tribal land. It’s time to fix that — and to ensure tribes have the resources and the flexibility necessary to administer justice fully and fairly.
In 1978, the Supreme Court held in Oliphant v. Suquamish that tribal governments have no inherent criminal jurisdiction over non-Natives on tribal lands, denying Tribal governments the authority to prosecute non-Natives — even where they committed crimes on tribal land. This decision has deprived countless Native victims of their day in court, and with it, the possibility of justice. It has also created an atmosphere of impunity that feeds our missing and murdered indigenous women crisis. State and federal authorities often decline to prosecute crimes committed by non-Native people on Tribal lands, allowing potential perpetrators to escape accountability.
Consider just one example. In 2003, a 19-year-old Native woman reported a rape by an Army recruiter. Because the recruiter was not a citizen of a tribe, tribal authorities could not prosecute him. Federal prosecutors also refused to prosecute the man, despite the government settling a lawsuit with the victim for $650,000.
There are countless heartbreaking stories like these. 96% of Native female sexual assault victims have experienced violence at the hands of a non-Native person. Even where they are willing to do so, state and federal law enforcement authorities face several obstacles to investigating and prosecuting these offenses, such as the remote geography of many tribal areas, difficulties in producing witnesses, and limited resources. These circumstances effectively immunize crimes on Tribal lands, turning those lands into magnets for violent criminals, sex traffickers, and drug cartels who choose to prey on vulnerable populations.
In the 2013 Violence Against Women Act reauthorization, Congress cut back somewhat on the Oliphant ruling by explicitly recognizing Tribal Nations’ inherent criminal jurisdiction over non-Natives who commit certain forms of domestic violence on tribal lands. Defendants in such cases maintain the right to challenge Tribal rulings in federal court using habeas corpus petitions. Since that time, eighteen Tribal Nations have used the new authority to secure dozens of convictions — without a single habeas petition challenging those rulings.
Congress is currently attempting to expand the domestic violence exception to Oliphant as part of the latest reauthorization of VAWA. I wholeheartedly support that effort. But I believe that respecting Tribal sovereignty and improving public safety in Indian Country demands that we must go much further.
We need a full Oliphant fix. I agree with the National Congress of American Indians that Congress should “expand inherent tribal criminal jurisdiction over all persons committing any crime in their Indian country in a manner that ensures that defendants have the same due process protections as required under the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 and the 2013 Re-authorization of the Violence Against Women Act.” That expansion would give Tribal Nations the sole discretion to determine whether or not to exercise that new authority.
My administration will provide Tribal Nations that choose to exercise this authority with the necessary resources to administer justice fairly — like providing funding for legal representation for indigent defendants — and to expand the scope of their enforcement without imposing any additional financial burdens on tribes that have been systematically underfunded. My plan will also empower Tribal courts with the sentencing authority required to address more serious offenses by amending the Indian Civil Rights Act, which bars tribal courts from imposing punishments greater than three years in prison per offense and nine years as a total sentence.
Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women
America faces an epidemic of missing and murdered indigenous women. This crisis affects Native women and girls everywhere — on reservations, in cities, and in rural communities. In 2016, according to the National Crime Information Center, 5,712 indigenous women and girls were reported missing. Native women and girls face disproportionate rates of domestic abuse and sexual violence, and 84% of indigenous women have experienced violence in their lifetime.
This is a moral failing and a stain on our country. I have worked to address the crisis of violence against Native people, and especially women and girls. I supported including protections for Native victims of abuse in the 2013 reauthorization for the Violence Against Women Act. But I believe there are many additional steps we must take.
Rolling back the Oliphant decision and recognizing full tribal authority to prosecute non-Native defendants, along with providing necessary funding for investigation, coordination, and prosecution, are crucial steps to help address this crisis. But there is so much more we must do. We must pass the Studying the Missing and Murdered Indian Crisis Act, which requires the federal government to formally report on the law enforcement response to missing and murdered Native people, and expand the POWER Act to fund pro bono legal services for Native victims of domestic and dating violence.
In addition, I am proposing a nationwide Missing Indigenous Woman Alert System modeled after the Amber Alert System and fully funded by the Department of Justice. This system will include a single database of missing indigenous women or women categorized as “runaways.”
Law enforcement authorities at the federal, state, and local level would be required to log missing indigenous women, prompting public alerts through several channels, including SMS, email, push, radio, TV, search, and other applications. The Department of Justice would house a national coordinator for the program, who would work with tribal authorities to establish minimum standards for alert, send annual reports to Congress documenting missing and murdered indigenous women, and a comprehensive report on the program metrics. Like the Amber Alert System, the federal government would administer a grant program to allow states and tribal authorities to establish alert programs, as well as to fund agencies and nonprofits assisting in addressing this crisis.
These missing persons reports would also contribute to a comprehensive law enforcement database of missing and murdered women, which would be accessible to law enforcement officials — with appropriate privacy protections in place to respect the privacy of victims and families. States and local authorities would also have the obligation to enter any other victims into the FBI database. In deference to tribal data sovereignty, this law enforcement data must be made fully accessible to tribal authorities.
An aggressive law enforcement approach also requires investigation and prosecution of cases involving violence against indigenous women, and not just by tribal authorities. I will establish a Department of Justice Task Force to investigate the epidemic of sexual assaults and murders committed against Native women and prosecute offenders. This task force will have the mandate to prosecute cases that have gone without investigation for years, or work with tribal authorities who choose to exercise their inherent jurisdiction. And I will appoint United States Attorneys who will aggressively investigate serious crimes — including cold cases — committed on tribal lands.
Finally, as Canada has done, we must conduct a fully-funded independent national inquiry into the causes of the epidemic of missing and murdered indigenous women. We must fully grapple with how our nation allowed this epidemic to grow — and ensure that we take every step we can to end it.”
https://elizabethwarren.com/plans/tribal-nations
https://medium.com/@teamwarren/honoring-and-empowering-tribal-nations-and-indigenous-peoples-720e49e1d1ca
No other current Presidential candidates have documented their plans to address the MMIWG crisis.
Relevant Excerpt from the DNC 2020 Platform:
https://democrats.org/where-we-stand/party-platform/
“Honoring Indigenous Tribal Nations
We will strengthen tribal sovereignty and tribal jurisdiction by enacting laws and policies that enhance the ability of Indian nations to govern their territories, keep their communities safe, and prosecute crimes committed on tribal lands. We will build on the important provisions in the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013, which reaffirmed the right of Indian tribes to prosecute perpetrators regardless of race who commit domestic violence on tribal lands. Democrats will continue to work to address criminal justice gaps that undermine the safety of tribal communities. And we will back these efforts through robust investments in effective tribal law enforcement and tribal courts.”
There are no relevant excerpts on MMIWG in the Green Party and Republican Party platforms.
submitted by News2016 to IndianCountry [link] [comments]


2020.01.26 01:00 TopOfTheBot Top Posts and Comments of the Day

Top of the Day for 26/01/2020

For frequently asked questions, please click here. Times shown on this page are in UTC, and dates are displayed as Day/Month/Year.
There are some limitations with the Reddit API that still need to be worked around, you can help contribute to this bot through its GitHub page.

Most Upvoted Posts of the Day

First Place
Getting the shot
posted by gulaschgel on /nextfuckinglevel
Click here to view the post. ● 94,961 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 12:15:03 UTC
Second Place
This decade didn't start well
posted by 9yosoldier3044 on /dankmemes
Click here to view the post. ● 89,413 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 11:39:06 UTC
Third Place
How Aldi’s Instagram posts all line up together
posted by dxn_ielll on /oddlysatisfying
Click here to view the post. ● 85,636 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 10:07:36 UTC
Fourth Place
Guess what's back one the menu boys
posted by PaYr0 on /memes
Click here to view the post. ● 83,228 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 10:42:25 UTC
Fifth Place
Passed out in the window
posted by GallowBoob on /aww
Click here to view the post. ● 78,539 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 10:33:53 UTC

Most Downvoted Posts of the Day

This section is currently being worked on.

Most Upvoted Comments of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development. Currently this only gets the most upvoted top-level comments from the most upvoted posts today.
First Place
Coronavirus won't last long it's made in China
posted by x_amxxn_x on /dankmemes
Click here to view the post. ● 7,030 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 12:21:46 UTC
Second Place
Watching it this way makes the the photos look even more impressive
posted by ddanilo1204 on /nextfuckinglevel
Click here to view the post. ● 5,878 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 12:40:37 UTC
Third Place
If you ever wondered what $38 of food looks like at Aldi.
posted by 20CharacterLimitOnly on /oddlysatisfying
Click here to view the post. ● 5,637 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 11:07:43 UTC
Fourth Place
I'd really like to know the logistics of how they did that. I mean, were they all done at once, or is this just really good planning and photo editing or what. Just very curious.
posted by pdgenoa on /oddlysatisfying
Click here to view the post. ● 5,098 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 11:16:56 UTC
Fifth Place
Boys: burn anyone who contacted him!
posted by nodderguy on /memes
Click here to view the post. ● 2,577 Upvotes ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 10:50:13 UTC

Most Downvoted Comments of the Day

This section is currently being worked on.

Most Gilded Posts of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development.
First Place
Masterbation Olympics
posted by Clayton_Smith on /teenagers
Click here to view the post. ● 8,050 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 12:21:24 UTC
Second Place
You fell for it fool!
posted by spectra2000_ on /YouFellForItFool
Click here to view the post. ● 285,537 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 30/07/2019 at 02:54:04 UTC
Third Place
When you flip on the hospital TV, nervous about what your newborn daughter’s first ever movie will be, but they’re showing a masterpiece.
posted by masternn on /PrequelMemes
Click here to view the post. ● 39,732 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 07:33:32 UTC
Fourth Place
The Bikini Bottom Horror: Part 18, The Underworld
posted by stillinthesimulation on /imsorryjon
Click here to view the post. ● 27,493 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 15:43:31 UTC
Fifth Place
🎶 How do you like your Ass in the morning🎶 [F]
posted by BurntButterBaby on /gonewild
Click here to view the post. ● 76 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 10:55:38 UTC

Most Gilded Comments of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development.
First Place
See, we are not doomed, Sarah Lynn. Sarah Lynn?
posted by my-surname-is-NASA on /AskReddit
Click here to view the post. ● 7,132 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 13:55:27 UTC
Second Place
The episode of Star Trek TNG where Picard is zapped by a probe and experiences the life of a man on a dying planet. He couldn't accept it at first He knew he was in Starfleet, but everyone convinced him it was a delusion. He finally gave in and accepted that this was his life. He falls in love, raises a family, and tries to make the best life possible- knowing that the planet is doomed. When Picard nears death, he finally snaps out of the experience, and is back on the Bridge of the Enterprise. Picard is once again faced with discerning what is reality versus delusion. I have never felt more empathy for a fictional character than in this episode.
posted by genghisKHANNNNN on /AskReddit
Click here to view the post. ● 4,177 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 13:57:44 UTC
Third Place
Not leaving toxic people sooner. I'm extremely patient and actively try to be kind to everybody. It takes me too long to realize that some people most certainly don't deserve it. ` Edit: Oh, my first gold! Thank you, random anonymous internet person! And a plat too, my goodness.`
posted by GargantuanCake on /AskReddit
Click here to view the post. ● 3,727 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 18:13:05 UTC
Fourth Place
For brave redditors that have no idea what any of these people are talking about other than \"clinically insane\" and LSD alternative, here is a link I googled up. I believe they're talking about 25C-NBOMe, having a formal name 2-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine. using IUPAC nomenclature. `[Here is the WHO report on 25C.](https://www.who.int/medicines/areas/quality_safety/4_18_review.pdf)` [Here is a schematic of the molecule.](https://i.imgur.com/JYrDUMp.png) `[Here is a picture I found for \"buy 25C online\"](https://i.imgur.com/4JtAwzn.jpg)` [Here is a website that is using the identical picture to sell an entirely different compound](https://www.researchchemonline.com/product/buy-ab-pinaca-online/) `[Here is a space filling image of 25C](https://i.imgur.com/fq9SnVb.png)` [Here is a space filling image of LSD for comparison.](https://d2cbg94ubxgsnp.cloudfront.net/Pictures/2000x2000fit/9/1/7/132917_LSD-2D-skeletal-formula-and-3D-models.jpg) ` because its a seratonin receptor agonist it binds to a/some of the seratonin receptors and causes function, but its different chemically from seratonin. If you look at where seratonin impacts this figure, you can see where 25C would also be hitting braincell synpapses.`
posted by thiosk on /AskReddit
Click here to view the post. ● 125 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 22:05:53 UTC
Fifth Place
“Can’t let that go to waste.”
posted by ThatBAOB on /cursedcomments
Click here to view the post. ● 1,904 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 25/01/2020 at 21:56:52 UTC
submitted by TopOfTheBot to TopOfThe [link] [comments]


2020.01.10 20:13 eideerazzle An argument against the new Parking Permit Ordinance

An argument against the new Parking Permit Ordinance
Ok, I think this will be a little long but it's been pestering me for a while. TL;DR at bottom.
By now, many of us know that our city council passed a new parking ordinance, and the one post I read about the subject seemed to merit positive reactions. So I'm hoping, given a little time, you'll let me try putting it in a different perspective.
For people less familiar, in late December, city council voted to pass an ordinance that would allow for the sale of overnight parking permits. The ordinance goes into effect March 1, 2020 and the first permits go into effect July 1. Parking permits cost $125 annually, additionally home owners can purchase temporary passes valid for three nights for visitors at $10 per night. Each application is subject to denial, by discretion of the parking manager, and is offered only to residents that show a demonstrable need for street level parking. Only one permit is offered to each residence. Attached below is a link to the new ordinance and a city pulse article that pretty well summarizes it.
https://lansingmi.gov/DocumentCenteView/8703/EFFECTIVE-312020_Ord-2019-1259-Overnight-Pkg-Chpt-404-Sec-40413
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/overnight-parking-101,13667
Before we get past that I do realize that 2-5 a.m. street parking has been a ticket-able offense for a long while. It's an early addition to the city charter.
404.01.J No person shall park any vehicle on either side of any street between 2:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. of any day.
https://library.municode.com/mi/lansing/codes/code_of_ordinances?nodeId=COOR_PT4TRCO
But it was a largely unenforced law, which makes sense, a fair share of locations in Lansing don't offer very many options otherwise. The rare occurrences in which the law is enforced demonstrated, at the very least, a desperate need for parking alternatives.
The last time Lansing bothered to enforce its existing 2-5 a.m. parking ban was during a three-month stint of former Mayor Virg Bernero’s administration, said Council President Carol Wood. During that time, one night-shift police officer managed to write an average 1,000 parking tickets monthly, bringing in about $60,000
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/lansing-to-crack-down-on-overnight-parking,13632
With the passage of this ordinance, not only can we now legally park on the city streets, we can also expect greater enforcement of the overnight parking rules. A portion of the permit sales is intended to fund parking enforcement staff, so I imagine that staff will likely be enforcing parking.
“Enforcing the ordinance with police is not efficient, as ticketing cars is a much lower priority than other crime,” Schor said. “To best enforce the ordinance, we need parking enforcement staff at night. The permits would raise funds to support parking enforcement staff from 2 a.m. to 5 a.m.”
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/lansing-to-crack-down-on-overnight-parking,13632
On its face, that's all well and good. City Council clearly has its reasons, and it has made those reasons fairly clear. Concerns about EMS traversing crowded streets; Concerns over snow plows clearing the roads; Raising money for road repairs.
“We have these narrow streets around the city with people parking on either side of the road, and our snow plows and emergency vehicles just can’t fit past them,” said Councilman Jeremy Garza. “I know people who are upset about these permits, but I really have a hard time understanding that when 911 can’t get down the street.”
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/want-overnight-parking-prepare-to-pay,13642?
All good things. But something about that really doesn't click.
While it is important for Emergency response vehicles to not be blocked by crowded streets, so far it hasn't been an issue, that is if we're to trust Fire Chief Michael Mackey.
Eliminating the ordinance altogether also poses concerns. Fire Chief Michael Mackey said he hasn’t had problems navigating rigs or ambulances down overcrowded residential streets but officials are still concerned about access for other emergency vehicles and keeping streets clear for usual snow plow operations.
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/want-overnight-parking-prepare-to-pay,13642?
Moreover, I do not understand how this ordinance alleviates this issue. A sheer reduction in the number of vehicles on the streets at night, doesn't necessarily guarantee a street will be clear as it makes no mention to one-sided parking. Any given street where parking permits are urgently needed will still have vehicles parking on said street, and quite possibly enough to cover both sides. If people do not coordinate to one side or the other, the streets remain equally blocked.
In The Mill subdivision just west of the town of Lexington, residents must get permission from the homeowners’ organization for overnight guests to park on the street. Visitors for a party must park on one side of the street and not block the driveways of residents.
State and county laws do not ban parking along streets unless the vehicles create a safety hazard for other motorists or make it tough for fire trucks, ambulances or law enforcement cruisers to get to where they’re going, authorities said.
If cars are parked on both sides of the street, you can barely get a car through,” said Raley, who is president of the Edenwood homeowners association, an older subdivision that abuts Concord Park.
https://www.thestate.com/news/local/article186010493.html
Likewise it only guarantees clear streets between the hours of 2-5 a.m, which doesn't exactly represent the peak demand for emergency services.

https://preview.redd.it/igj7c2soyz941.png?width=634&format=png&auto=webp&s=de26965fc4ef687a150681e87cc043cef7c9839f
We analyzed cases according to time of day and day of week to determine whether population level demand demonstrates temporal patterns that will increase baseline knowledge for EMS planning
Figure 1 shows the distribution of overall demand by hour of day. Two peaks in demand are evident; the highest peak was at 10:00 with a second smaller peak at 19:00.
A U.S. emergency department study had a much higher second peak of demand at 19:00 when overall demand was plotted by time of day.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272097328_Time_of_Day_and_Day_of_Week_Trends_in_EMS_Demand
additional study for cross reference
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2452247316301704#tbl2
If I'm allowed to extrapolate this information to other metropolitan areas, then not only is 2-5 a.m. not peak demand, it's quite the opposite. If we want to clear streets for Emergency Response Vehicles, it would make sense to clear the streets during their peak hours rather than its crest.
Well what about the snow plows? Clearing the streets for snow plows is clearly a legitimate concern. Less cars on the concrete means more plows on the street. Well, kind of. The 2-5 a.m. ban makes most sense with regards to this concern. These early morning hours primarily are the time plows make their way through residential zones. So why make permits that allow people to park during these crucial hours? The short answer is they don't. Under a different ordinance, the parking manager has the authority to temporarily suspend residential parking permits in the event of snow removal, emergency or construction purposes.
404.11.D.5 The City may temporarily suspend a permit for snow removal, emergency or construction purposes.
404.11.D.11 If a permit holder violates any of the conditions in this section, the permit shall automatically become void and be terminated and revoked without notice.
https://library.municode.com/mi/lansing/codes/code_of_ordinances?nodeId=COOR_PT4TRCO
If the city can revoke the legal permits in the event of snow, one of the few legitimate times to have the streets clear at those hours, why sell us the permits? It neither guarantees cars will be clear of the road, nor guarantees people the ability to park during the new legal hours. What would make more sense is to implement a system that informs the public when the city needs to dispatch plows, allowing them to clear roads as needed. Which we already do.
To stay informed about when we are salting and plowing and other important community information, sign-up to have Lansing Alert updates sent directly to your phone.
https://lansingmi.gov/1494/Snow-Removal
How about raising money? Now, I don't have the statistics here. I can't calculate the cost of increased enforcement and administration against the revenues brought in by enforcement and permit sales. But if I look back at Mayor Virg Benero's ticket enforcement experiment, I have to imagine it's profitable.
The last time Lansing bothered to enforce its existing 2-5 a.m. parking ban was during a three-month stint of former Mayor Virg Bernero’s administration, said Council President Carol Wood. During that time, one night-shift police officer managed to write an average 1,000 parking tickets monthly, bringing in about $60,000
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/lansing-to-crack-down-on-overnight-parking,13632
And if you've read this far, you might be surprised that this is the real sticking point for me. Now I have no problem with increased fees and taxes to pay for infrastructure. Roads need to be repaired, and the city needs money to repair them. I take issue with where the revenue comes from.
And in residential Lansing, lots of homeowners don't have another option.
"It's a lot of skinny driveways with small garages, and often with multiple tenants and multiple vehicles there," said City Councilman Brian Jackson.
"And those people usually have less income," said Betz.
The proposed permit would cost $125 a year – not something everyone can necessarily afford.
"That's just money coming out of their pocket that would otherwise go to rent, food or clothes," said Betz.
https://www.wilx.com/content/news/Lansing-City-Council-to-vote-on-parking-changes-566255241.html
The people most often parking in the street would fall into a niche group that includes people without a garage or necessary garage space and people living with multiple tenets that each require vehicles. More aptly, this ordinance targets people that fall into lower income brackets. Now, I could just say that further burdening society's less fortunate is morally bankrupt, but there is an extensive history in our country that shows how these burdens can lead to cyclical poverty.
Court costs snowball when defendants are unable to pay the full debt amount on time and all at once. Late fees, installment payment fees, collection fees, probation supervision fees and the like hook poor people in the same way payday loans do—by keeping defendants on a never-ending debt loop. Since a sentence is not discharged until all court costs are paid in full, a defendant’s continuing legal entanglements puts him or her at risk of incurring new penalties. This is the nonsensical contradiction at the core of the system of fines and fees: defendants are punished for failing to climb out of a financial hole that their court debt makes deeper and more intractable. In the words of one scholar, defendants are forced to pay over and over, “in a way that dooms them to a perpetual state of poverty and instability.”
https://scholarship.law.unc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1443&context=faculty_publications
So that's bad. Fines and fees are annoying when you can pay them. If you can't, the situation becomes much more complex. An unexpected expense can mean choosing between rent, food, clothing, a variety of essentials or incurring a late fee. And as I mentioned before, the most likely subset of our population targeted by this particular fine or these particular tickets, will be the people most likely to be living on the fringes. But it gets worse.
The consequences of losing a driver’s license can be harsh, but the downward spiral intensifies if a person is caught behind the wheel with a revoked license. Unlike a traffic infraction, driving with a revoked license is a Class 3 misdemeanor, a criminal charge that not only leads to new costs but becomes part of the defendant’s record. Poor defendants often let auto insurance or registration lapse, which leads to yet more charges. Nonetheless, 75% of motorists without a license continue to drive despite the threat of additional penalties.
https://scholarship.law.unc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1443&context=faculty_publications
Why bring this up? Well, Michigan was recently in a legal battle regarding the use of license suspension as a valid form of punitive measures. The courts determined that it was.
"Neither the district court nor plaintiffs identify any legal authority showing that Michigan law directs anyone to consider a license holder's indigency as part of the process of suspending his driver's license for failure to pay court debt."
Batchelder, joined by Circuit Judge Amul Thapar, said it may be true that suspending a driver's license for failure to pay a fine could be "counterproductive," since having a job to help pay a fine often requires the ability to drive.
However, "by imposing greater consequences for violating traffic laws, the state increases deterrence for would-be violators," and promotes compliance with court orders, she wrote.
https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2019/05/08/michigan-drivers-license-suspended-fines/1142565001/
Believe it or not, suspending someone's ability to drive makes it much more difficult to hold down a job. And not having a job makes it more difficult to have money. The judges weren't blind to this fact. It was very clearly noted by one of the judges that handed down the sentence. Now, I know it sounds like I'm blowing things out of proportion. It's a one time $125 fee. Who can't afford to pay for that? Please, allow me to use an anecdote.
We spoke, for example, with an African-American woman who has a still-pending case stemming from 2007, when, on a single occasion, she parked her car illegally. She received two citations and a $151 fine, plus fees. The woman, who experienced financial difficulties and periods of homelessness over several years, was charged with seven Failure to Appear offenses for missing court dates or fine payments on her parking tickets between 2007 and 2010. For each Failure to Appear, the court issued an arrest warrant and imposed new fines and fees. From 2007 to 2014, the woman was arrested twice, spent six days in jail, and paid $550 to the court for the events stemming from this single instance of illegal parking. Court records show that she twice attempted to make partial payments of $25 and $50, but the court returned those payments, refusing to accept anything less than payment in full. One of those payments was later accepted, but only after the court’s letter rejecting payment by money order was returned as undeliverable. This woman is now making regular payments on the fine. As of December 2014, over seven years later, despite initially owing a $151 fine and having already paid $550, she still owed $541.
https://www.vox.com/2016/8/5/12364580/police-overcriminalization-net-widening
or the DOJ report if you're interested.
https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/opa/press-releases/attachments/2015/03/04/ferguson_police_department_report.pdf
An annual fee of $125 isn't too much. Until it is. A nightly ticket of $25 isn't too much. Until it is. A $50 late payment isn't too much. Multiple tickets isn't too much. An impounded car isn't too much. A suspended driver's license isn't too much. And I get it, for most of us, it really isn't too much. But for some of us, it is. It is exactly too much.
When I heard that the city of Lansing intended to enforce its overnight parking laws and the only available recourse was to purchase a permit subject to city approval, I had imagined that more people would be upset. Instead, I listened to the community let out a collective sigh of relief, like the only options were to leave things as they were, or accept this exact change.
Currently, parking on the street is prohibited between 2:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. throughout Lansing. Do you support or oppose an overnight on-street permit parking program that would allow street parking between those hours?
TOTAL SUPPORT: 51%
TOTAL OPPOSE; 41%
UNSURE: 8%
https://www.wilx.com/content/news/Survey-shows-people-in-Lansing-dont-want-to-take-on-a-greater-share-of-road-repair-costs-566340151.html
But there is nothing that states we must accept this exact change. Now I don't claim to be a city planner, because I'm not. And I don't have the experience and resources of our city representatives. And I'm sure city council passed this ordinance intending to clear the streets for emergency response vehicles, and snow plows, and to raise money for infrastructure. But its effect is congruent to “criminalizing poverty” and that is, at the very least, objectionable. And it's something we should object to.
TL;DR- The “no overnight parking” law is dumb, and the “parking permit” ordinance doesn't really solve the problem. There are likely better ways to fix things without targeting lower income residents. I’d personally opt for an end to the 2-5 a.m. ban in favor of “single-side” street parking or at the very least a system by which annual income is considered when determining permit costs.
If I'm wrong or failed to address something let me know below.
submitted by eideerazzle to lansing [link] [comments]


2020.01.10 19:44 eideerazzle Test

Test
Ok, I think this will be a little long but it's been pestering me for a while. TL;DR at bottom.
By now, many of us know that our city council passed a new parking ordinance, and the one post I read about the subject seemed to merit positive reactions. So I'm hoping, given a little time, you'll let me try putting it in a different perspective.
For people less familiar, in late December, city council voted to pass an ordinance that would allow for the sale of overnight parking permits. The ordinance goes into effect March 1, 2020 and the first permits go into effect July 1. Parking permits cost $125 annually, additionally home owners can purchase temporary passes valid for three nights for visitors at $10 per night. Each application is subject to denial, by discretion of the parking manager, and is offered only to residents that show a demonstrable need for street level parking. Only one permit is offered to each residence. Attached below is a link to the new ordinance and a city pulse article that pretty well summarizes it.
https://lansingmi.gov/DocumentCenteView/8703/EFFECTIVE-312020_Ord-2019-1259-Overnight-Pkg-Chpt-404-Sec-40413
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/overnight-parking-101,13667
Before we get past that I do realize that 2-5 a.m. street parking has been a ticket-able offense for a long while. It's an early addition to the city charter, ::
404.01.J No person shall park any vehicle on either side of any street between 2:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. of any day.
https://library.municode.com/mi/lansing/codes/code_of_ordinances?nodeId=COOR_PT4TRCO
But it was a largely unenforced law, which makes sense, a fair share of locations in Lansing don't offer very many options otherwise. The rare occurrences in which the law is enforced demonstrated, at the very least, a desperate need for parking alternatives.
The last time Lansing bothered to enforce its existing 2-5 a.m. parking ban was during a three-month stint of former Mayor Virg Bernero’s administration, said Council President Carol Wood. During that time, one night-shift police officer managed to write an average 1,000 parking tickets monthly, bringing in about $60,000
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/lansing-to-crack-down-on-overnight-parking,13632
With the passage of this ordinance, not only can we now legally park on the city streets, we can also expect greater enforcement of the overnight parking rules. A portion of the permit sales is intended to fund parking enforcement staff, so I imagine that staff will likely be enforcing parking. ::
“Enforcing the ordinance with police is not efficient, as ticketing cars is a much lower priority than other crime,” Schor said. “To best enforce the ordinance, we need parking enforcement staff at night. The permits would raise funds to support parking enforcement staff from 2 a.m. to 5 a.m.”
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/lansing-to-crack-down-on-overnight-parking,13632
On its face, that's all well and good. City Council clearly has its reasons, and it has made those reasons fairly clear. Concerns about EMS traversing crowded streets; Concerns over snow plows clearing the roads; Raising money for road repairs. ::
“We have these narrow streets around the city with people parking on either side of the road, and our snow plows and emergency vehicles just can’t fit past them,” said Councilman Jeremy Garza. “I know people who are upset about these permits, but I really have a hard time understanding that when 911 can’t get down the street.”
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/want-overnight-parking-prepare-to-pay,13642?
All good things. But something about that really doesn't click.
While it is important for Emergency response vehicles to not be blocked by crowded streets, so far it hasn't been an issue, that is if we're to trust Fire Chief Michael Mackey ::
Eliminating the ordinance altogether also poses concerns. Fire Chief Michael Mackey said he hasn’t had problems navigating rigs or ambulances down overcrowded residential streets but officials are still concerned about access for other emergency vehicles and keeping streets clear for usual snow plow operations.
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/want-overnight-parking-prepare-to-pay,13642?
Moreover, I do not understand how this ordinance alleviates this issue. A sheer reduction in the number of vehicles on the streets at night, doesn't necessarily guarantee a street will be clear as it makes no mention to one-sided parking. Any given street where parking permits are urgently needed will still have vehicles parking on said street, and quite possibly enough to cover both sides. If people do not coordinate to one side or the other, the streets remain equally blocked. ::
In The Mill subdivision just west of the town of Lexington, residents must get permission from the homeowners’ organization for overnight guests to park on the street. Visitors for a party must park on one side of the street and not block the driveways of residents.
State and county laws do not ban parking along streets unless the vehicles create a safety hazard for other motorists or make it tough for fire trucks, ambulances or law enforcement cruisers to get to where they’re going, authorities said.
“If cars are parked on both sides of the street, you can barely get a car through,” said Raley, who is president of the Edenwood homeowners association, an older subdivision that abuts Concord Park.
https://www.thestate.com/news/local/article186010493.html
Likewise it only guarantees clear streets between the hours of 2-5 a.m., which doesn't exactly represent the peak demand for emergency services.::

https://preview.redd.it/hovh10f4yz941.png?width=634&format=png&auto=webp&s=a84229565938a396712b09d9a5ffb4c9e7f001db
We analyzed cases according to time of day and day of week to determine whether population level demand demonstrates temporal patterns that will increase baseline knowledge for EMS planning
Figure 1 shows the distribution of overall demand by hour of day. Two peaks in demand are evident; the highest peak was at 10:00 with a second smaller peak at 19:00.
A U.S. emergency department study had a much higher second peak of demand at 19:00 when overall demand was plotted by time of day.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272097328_Time_of_Day_and_Day_of_Week_Trends_in_EMS_Demand
additional study for cross reference
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2452247316301704#tbl2
If I'm allowed to extrapolate this information to other metropolitan areas, then not only is 2-5 a.m. not peak demand, it's quite the opposite. If we want to clear streets for Emergency Response Vehicles, it would make sense to clear the streets during their peak hours rather than its crest.
Well what about the snow plows? Clearing the streets for snow plows is clearly a legitimate concern. Less cars on the concrete means more plows on the street. Well, kind of. The 2-5 a.m. ban makes most sense with regards to this concern. These early morning hours primarily are the time plows make their way through residential zones. So why make permits that allow people to park during these crucial hours? The short answer is they don't. Under a different ordinance, the parking manager has the authority to temporarily suspend residential parking permits in the event of snow removal, emergency or construction purposes. ::
404.11.D.5 The City may temporarily suspend a permit for snow removal, emergency or construction purposes.
404.11.D.11 If a permit holder violates any of the conditions in this section, the permit shall automatically become void and be terminated and revoked without notice.
https://library.municode.com/mi/lansing/codes/code_of_ordinances?nodeId=COOR_PT4TRCO
If the city can revoke the legal permits in the event of snow, one of the few legitimate times to have the streets clear at those hours, why sell us the permits? It neither guarantees cars will be clear of the road, nor guarantees people the ability to park during the new legal hours. What would make more sense is to implement a system that informs the public when the city needs to dispatch plows, allowing them to clear roads as needed. Which we already do::
To stay informed about when we are salting and plowing and other important community information, sign-up to have Lansing Alert updates sent directly to your phone.
https://lansingmi.gov/1494/Snow-Removal
How about raising money? Now, I don't have the statistics here. I can't calculate the cost of increased enforcement and administration against the revenues brought in by enforcement and permit sales. But if I look back at Mayor Virg Benero's ticket enforcement experiment, I have to imagine it's profitable. ::
The last time Lansing bothered to enforce its existing 2-5 a.m. parking ban was during a three-month stint of former Mayor Virg Bernero’s administration, said Council President Carol Wood. During that time, one night-shift police officer managed to write an average 1,000 parking tickets monthly, bringing in about $60,000
https://www.lansingcitypulse.com/stories/lansing-to-crack-down-on-overnight-parking,13632
And if you've read this far, you might be surprised that this is the real sticking point for me. Now I have no problem with increased fees and taxes to pay for infrastructure. Roads need to be repaired, and the city needs money to repair them. I take issue with where the revenue comes from. ::
And in residential Lansing, lots of homeowners don't have another option.
"It's a lot of skinny driveways with small garages, and often with multiple tenants and multiple vehicles there," said City Councilman Brian Jackson.
"And those people usually have less income," said Betz.
The proposed permit would cost $125 a year – not something everyone can necessarily afford.
"That's just money coming out of their pocket that would otherwise go to rent, food or clothes," said Betz.
https://www.wilx.com/content/news/Lansing-City-Council-to-vote-on-parking-changes-566255241.html
The people most often parking in the street would fall into a niche group that includes people without a garage or necessary garage space and people living with multiple tenets that each require vehicles. More aptly, this ordinance targets people that fall into lower income brackets. Now, I could just say that further burdening society's less fortunate is morally bankrupt, but there is an extensive history in our country that shows how these burdens can lead to cyclical poverty. ::
Court costs snowball when defendants are unable to pay the full debt amount on time and all at once. Late fees, installment payment fees, collection fees, probation supervision fees and the like hook poor people in the same way payday loans do—by keeping defendants on a never-ending debt loop. Since a sentence is not discharged until all court costs are paid in full, a defendant’s continuing legal entanglements puts him or her at risk of incurring new penalties. This is the nonsensical contradiction at the core of the system of fines and fees: defendants are punished for failing to climb out of a financial hole that their court debt makes deeper and more intractable. In the words of one scholar, defendants are forced to pay over and over, “in a way that dooms them to a perpetual state of poverty and instability.”
https://scholarship.law.unc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1443&context=faculty_publications
So that's bad. Fines and fees are annoying when you can pay them. If you can't, the situation becomes much more complex. An unexpected expense can mean choosing between rent, food, clothing, a variety of essentials or incurring a late fee. And as I mentioned before, the most likely subset of our population targeted by this particular fine or these particular tickets, will be the people most likely to be living on the fringes. But it gets worse.::
The consequences of losing a driver’s license can be harsh, but the downward spiral intensifies if a person is caught behind the wheel with a revoked license. Unlike a traffic infraction, driving with a revoked license is a Class 3 misdemeanor, a criminal charge that not only leads to new costs but becomes part of the defendant’s record. Poor defendants often let auto insurance or registration lapse, which leads to yet more charges. Nonetheless, 75% of motorists without a license continue to drive despite the threat of additional penalties
https://scholarship.law.unc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1443&context=faculty_publications
Why bring this up? Well, Michigan was recently in a legal battle regarding the use of license suspension as a valid form of punitive measures. The courts determined that it was. ::
"Neither the district court nor plaintiffs identify any legal authority showing that Michigan law directs anyone to consider a license holder's indigency as part of the process of suspending his driver's license for failure to pay court debt."
Batchelder, joined by Circuit Judge Amul Thapar, said it may be true that suspending a driver's license for failure to pay a fine could be "counterproductive," since having a job to help pay a fine often requires the ability to drive.
However, "by imposing greater consequences for violating traffic laws, the state increases deterrence for would-be violators," and promotes compliance with court orders, she wrote.
https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2019/05/08/michigan-drivers-license-suspended-fines/1142565001/
Believe it or not, suspending someone's ability to drive makes it much more difficult to hold down a job. And not having a job makes it more difficult to have money. The judges weren't blind to this fact. It was very clearly noted by one of the judges that handed down the sentence. Now, I know it sounds like I'm blowing things out of proportion. It's a one time $125 fee. Who can't afford to pay for that? Please, allow me to use an anecdote::
We spoke, for example, with an African-American woman who has a still-pending case stemming from 2007, when, on a single occasion, she parked her car illegally. She received two citations and a $151 fine, plus fees. The woman, who experienced financial difficulties and periods of homelessness over several years, was charged with seven Failure to Appear offenses for missing court dates or fine payments on her parking tickets between 2007 and 2010. For each Failure to Appear, the court issued an arrest warrant and imposed new fines and fees. From 2007 to 2014, the woman was arrested twice, spent six days in jail, and paid $550 to the court for the events stemming from this single instance of illegal parking. Court records show that she twice attempted to make partial payments of $25 and $50, but the court returned those payments, refusing to accept anything less than payment in full. One of those payments was later accepted, but only after the court’s letter rejecting payment by money order was returned as undeliverable. This woman is now making regular payments on the fine. As of December 2014, over seven years later, despite initially owing a $151 fine and having already paid $550, she still owed $541.
https://www.vox.com/2016/8/5/12364580/police-overcriminalization-net-widening
or the DOJ report if you're interested
https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/opa/press-releases/attachments/2015/03/04/ferguson_police_department_report.pdf
An annual fee of $125 isn't too much. Until it is. A nightly ticket of $25 isn't too much. Until it is. A $50 late payment isn't too much. Multiple tickets isn't too much. An impounded car isn't too much. A suspended driver's license isn't too much. And I get it, for most of us, it really isn't too much. But for some of us, it is. It is exactly too much.
When I heard that the city of Lansing intended to enforce its overnight parking laws and the only available recourse was to purchase a permit subject to city approval, I had imagined that more people would be upset. Instead, I listened to the community let out a collective sigh of relief, like the only options were to leave things as they were, or accept this exact change. ::
Currently, parking on the street is prohibited between 2:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. throughout Lansing. Do you support or oppose an overnight on-street permit parking program that would allow street parking between those hours?
TOTAL SUPPORT: 51%
TOTAL OPPOSE; 41%
UNSURE: 8%
https://www.wilx.com/content/news/Survey-shows-people-in-Lansing-dont-want-to-take-on-a-greater-share-of-road-repair-costs-566340151.html
But there is nothing that states we must accept this exact change. Now I don't claim to be a city planner, because I'm not. And I don't have the experience and resources of our city representatives. And I'm sure city council passed this ordinance intending to clear the streets for emergency response vehicles, and snow plows, and to raise money for infrastructure. But its effect is congruent to “criminalizing poverty” and that is, at the very least, objectionable. And it's something we should object to.
TL;DR- The “no overnight parking” law is dumb, and the “parking permit” ordinance doesn't really solve the problem. There are likely better ways to fix things without targeting lower income residents. I’d personally opt for an end to the 2-5 a.m. ban in favor of “single-side” street parking or at the very least a system by which annual income is considered when determining permit costs.
If I'm wrong or failed to address something let me know below.
submitted by eideerazzle to test [link] [comments]


2019.12.09 20:27 The_Web_Of_Slime OIG Report: Review of Four FISA Applications and Other Aspects of the FBI's Crossfire Hurricane Investigation

Review of Four FISA Applications and Other Aspects of the FBI's Crossfire Hurricane Investigation
Page 196:
Despite the FBI's efforts to corroborate and evaluate the Steele election reporting, we were told by the Supervisory Intel Analyst that, as of September 2017, the FBI had corroborated limited information in the Steele election reporting, and much of that information was publicly available. 352 Most relevant to the Carter Page FISA applications, the specific substantive allegations contained in Reports 80, 94, 95, and 102, which were relied upon in all four FISA applications, remained uncorroborated and, in several instances, were inconsistent with information gathered by the Crossfire Hurricane team. For example, as detailed in Chapters Five and Seven, these allegations included, among other things, that Page had secret meetings with Igor Sechin and Igor D.ivyekin in July 2016 and served as an "intermediary" between Manafort and the Russian government. As we describe in Chapters Five and Eight, certain information the FBI had obtained did not support these allegations or the theory in Steele's election reporting that Page was coordinating, or had coordinated, with Russian government officials on 2016 U.S. election activities. Additionally, the FBI determined that some of the allegations in the Steele reporting, including that Trump attorney Michael Cohen had traveled to Prague in late summer 2016 to meet with Kremlin representatives and that "antiClinton hackers" had been paid by the "[Trump] team" and Kremlin, were not true.
edit: page 413
As a result of the 17 significant inaccuracies and omissions we identified, relevant information was not shared with, and consequently not considered by, important Department decision makers and the court, and the FISA applications made it appear as though the evidence supporting probable cause was stronger than was actually the case. We also found basic, fundamental, and serious errors during the completion of the FBl's factual accuracy reviews, known as the Woods Procedures, which are designed to ensure that FISA applications contain a full and accurate presentation of the facts.
We are deeply concerned that so many basic and fundamental errors were made by three separate, hand-picked investigative teams; on one of the most sensitive FBI investigations; after the matter had been briefed to the highest levels within the FBI; even though the information sought through use of FISA authority related so closely to an ongoing presidential campaign; and even though those involved with the investigation knew that their actions were likely to be subjected to close scrutiny. We believe this circumstance reflects a failure not just by those who prepared the FISA applications, but also by the managers and supervisors in the Crossfire Hurricane chain of command, including FBI senior officials who were briefed as the investigation progressed.
In the preparation of the FISA applications to surveil Carter Page, the Crossfire Hurricane team failed to comply with FBI policies, and in so doing fell short of what is rightfully expected from a premier law enforcement agency entrusted with such an intrusive surveillance tool. In light of the significant concerns identified with the Carter Page FISA applications and the other issues described in this report, the OIG today initiated an audit that will further examine the FBI's compliance with the Woods Procedures in FISA applications that target U.S. persons in both counterintelligence and counterterrorism investigations.
edit: footnote page 168:
According to FBI documents, Mifsud denied having advance knowledge that Russia was in possession of DNC emails and denied passing any offers or proffers to Papadopoulos. As described in Chapter Eight~ this information was not included in the later renewal applications.
P. 280
Notes taken by meeting participants indicate that Ohr shared the following information:
SSA 1 memorialized the meeting with Ohr in an FD-302, which largely mirrored the attendees' notes, but also provided additional details. 428 SSA 1 documented in the FD-302 that Ohr told the FBI that:
https://www.justice.gov/storage/120919-examination.pdf
Attorney General William P. Barr issued the following statement:
"Nothing is more important than the credibility and integrity of the FBI and the Department of Justice. That is why we must hold our investigators and prosecutors to the highest ethical and professional standards. The Inspector General’s investigation has provided critical transparency and accountability, and his work is a credit to the Department of Justice. I would like to thank the Inspector General and his team.
The Inspector General’s report now makes clear that the FBI launched an intrusive investigation of a U.S. presidential campaign on the thinnest of suspicions that, in my view, were insufficient to justify the steps taken. It is also clear that, from its inception, the evidence produced by the investigation was consistently exculpatory. Nevertheless, the investigation and surveillance was pushed forward for the duration of the campaign and deep into President Trump’s administration. In the rush to obtain and maintain FISA surveillance of Trump campaign associates, FBI officials misled the FISA court, omitted critical exculpatory facts from their filings, and suppressed or ignored information negating the reliability of their principal source. The Inspector General found the explanations given for these actions unsatisfactory. While most of the misconduct identified by the Inspector General was committed in 2016 and 2017 by a small group of now-former FBI officials, the malfeasance and misfeasance detailed in the Inspector General’s report reflects a clear abuse of the FISA process.
FISA is an essential tool for the protection of the safety of the American people. The Department of Justice and the FBI are committed to taking whatever steps are necessary to rectify the abuses that occurred and to ensure the integrity of the FISA process going forward.
No one is more dismayed about the handling of these FISA applications than Director Wray. I have full confidence in Director Wray and his team at the FBI, as well as the thousands of dedicated line agents who work tirelessly to protect our country. I thank the Director for the comprehensive set of proposed reforms he is announcing today, and I look forward to working with him to implement these and any other appropriate measures.
With respect to DOJ personnel discussed in the report, the Department will follow all appropriate processes and procedures, including as to any potential disciplinary action."
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pstatement-attorney-general-william-p-barr-inspector-generals-report-review-four-fisa
“I have the utmost respect for the mission of the Office of Inspector General and the comprehensive work that went into the report prepared by Mr. Horowitz and his staff. However, our investigation is not limited to developing information from within component parts of the Justice Department. Our investigation has included developing information from other persons and entities, both in the U.S. and outside of the U.S. Based on the evidence collected to date, and while our investigation is ongoing, last month we advised the Inspector General that we do not agree with some of the report’s conclusions as to predication and how the FBI case was opened.”
https://www.justice.gov/usao-ct/pstatement-us-attorney-john-h-durham
submitted by The_Web_Of_Slime to Intelligence [link] [comments]


2019.12.09 19:25 techwabbit IG REPORT RELEASED - 17 significant inaccuracies

Report here:
https://www.justice.gov/storage/120919-examination.pdf
As a result, of the 17 significant inaccuracies and omissions we identified....
Update 1:
AG Barr's Statement on the IG report:
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pstatement-attorney-general-william-p-barr-inspector-generals-report-review-four-fisa
Update 2: the_donald breakdown of the IG report thread here: https://old.reddit.com/The_Donald/comments/e8dinb/magathread_ig_horowitz_releases_report_on_carte
Hat Tip to IronWolve
Update 3: Statement of U.S. Attorney John H. Durham on the IG report:
“I have the utmost respect for the mission of the Office of Inspector General and the comprehensive work that went into the report prepared by Mr. Horowitz and his staff. However, our investigation is not limited to developing information from within component parts of the Justice Department. Our investigation has included developing information from other persons and entities, both in the U.S. and outside of the U.S. Based on the evidence collected to date, and while our investigation is ongoing, last month we advised the Inspector General that we do not agree with some of the report’s conclusions as to predication and how the FBI case was opened.”
Open discussion thread. No Questions, just share your thoughts..
submitted by techwabbit to AskThe_Donald [link] [comments]


2019.11.05 07:39 JFK_Megaposts Discussing JFK's torso wounds, Part 22.1: Reevaluating Sibert and O'Neill

Skip to Part 22.2
Back to Part 21: Robert Karnei
Back to Contents
Reevaluating Sibert and O'Neill
To summarize:
While Kennedy's body was being examined at Bethesda Naval Hospital, the autopsy pathologists had trouble explaining why they couldn't find a bullet in the body to account for the wound in the back. They tried probing the back wound, which only revealed a path in the tissues less than the length of a finger. They theorized that a bullet lodged in the back and subsequently fell out through it's point of entry. Two FBI Agents attending the autopsy, James Sibert and Francis X. O'Neill, were tasked with recording information and retrieving physical evidence. The agents' reports failed to acknowledge a bullet wound in the throat which had been obscured by a tracheotomy incision (WC D 7, p. 280, 11/26/1963 FBI report).
At some later point, the pathologists settled on the conclusion that a bullet entered the back and exited the site of the tracheotomy. Between this unknown period of time, lead pathologist Dr. James Humes telephoned Parkland Hospital's Dr. Malcolm Perry, who confirmed to him that a small bullet wound was seen in the throat before the incision was made (WC D 77, autopsy protocol [text]). There is a question of whether this contact took place during or after the autopsy. In Humes' handwritten notes (WC Vol. 17, p. 29), the autopsy protocol (WC D 77 [text]), and Humes' 3/16/1963 testimony to the Warren Commission (WC Vol. 2, p. 347 [text]), the call was said to have taken place on "Saturday morning" 11/23/1963. Technically, this could mean any time between 12:00 – 11:59 AM. The examination may have lasted past midnight, and the pathologists remained in the morgue until the body was prepared for burial by around 3:30-4:00 AM. When Humes was interviewed on 9/16/1977 by the House Select Committee on Assassinations, he said that he remembered the call taking place "11 in the morning, perhaps 10:30, something like that", only after he had time to go home, attend a religious function with his family, then return back to Bethesda Hospital (HSCA Vol. 7, p. 243 [text] [audio]). When Humes appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Association, the article said the call happened at 7:30 AM (JAMA, 5/27/1992, JFK's death - the plain truth from the MDs who did the autopsy [text]). When Humes gave his deposition to the Assassination Records Review Board on 2/13/1996, he said he thought the call happened "...8 or 9 o'clock on Saturday morning" (ARRB, 2/13/1996 [text]). In contrast, Dr. Perry told the Warren Commission that he remembered being called by Humes TWICE, and thought he was called on Friday night 11/22/1963 (WC Vol. 6, p. 7, 3/25/1964 testimony [text]; WC Vol. 3, p. 366, 3/30/1964 testimony [text]). Perry's colleague, Dr. Paul Peters, similarly claimed to remember information from the autopsy leaking among themselves on the same day (Interview by Ben Bradlee, 5/1/1981). Autopsy photographer John Stringer said he remembered the pathologists contacting Dallas and learning of the throat wound while they were still in the morgue (ARRB MD 19, HSCA report on a 8/17/1977 interview with Stringer [text]; ARRB MD 227, report on the ARRB's 4/8/1996 interview with Stringer; Stringer's ARRB deposition, 7/16/1996 [text] [audio]). So did radiologist John Ebersole (Ebersole's 3/9/1978 interview by Gil Delaney, Best Evidence: Disguise and Deception in the Assassination of John F. Kennedy by David S. Lifton, Chapter 23; ARRB MD 60, Ebersole's HSCA testimony, 3/11/1978 [text] [audio]; Ebersole's 12/2/1992 interview by David Mantik, Murder in Dealey Plaza: What We Know Now that We Didn't Know Then about the Death of JFK, edited by James H. Fetzer, Appendix E [audio]). Likewise, William Manchester wrote in his 1967 book The Death of a President: "Commander James J. Humes, Bethesda’s chief of pathology, telephoned Perry in Dallas shortly after midnight, and clinical photographs were taken to satisfy all the Texas doctors who had been in Trauma Room No. 1".
Humes was never totally clear whether he considered a bullet passage in the throat prior to his phone call with Perry (WC Vol. 2, p. 347, Humes WC testimony, 3/16/1964 [text]); HSCA Vol. 7, p. 243, 9/16/1977 HSCA interview with Humes and Boswell [text] [audio]; HSCA Vol. 1, p. 323, Humes HSCA testimony, 9/7/1978 [text]; Humes ARRB deposition, 2/13/1996 [text]). Autopsy assistant Dr. J. Thornton Boswell claimed they deduced this DURING the body examination, based on their observation of bruising on the right lung and pleural cavity (Baltimore Sun, 11/25/1966, Richard H. Levine [2nd print]; ARRB MD 26, HSCA report on 8/17/1977 interview with Boswell [text]; Boswell's 3/30/1994 interview by Gary Aguilar [audio, partial]; Boswell's ARRB deposition, 2/13/1996 [text]). Dr. Pierre Finck, the assisting forensic pathologist, claimed the defect in the throat was overlooked as a tracheotomy during their whole time in the morgue (ARRB MD 28, Reports From LtCol Finck to Gen. Blumberg (1/25/65 and 2/1/65); Finck's Shaw trial testimony, 2/24-2/25/1969 [text]; ARRB MD 30, Finck's HSCA testimony, 3/11/1978 [text] [audio]; JAMA, 10/7/1992). Finck's version of the story is the most suspect. Finck said he examined the defect in the throat and found no sign of a bullet passage, and yet the autopsy protocol and statements of Dr. Humes indicate that pre-mortem bruising was observed on the strap muscles beside the trachea, in addition to the bruising on the right lung and pleura (WC D 77 [text]; WC Vol. 2, p. 347, 3/16/1964 Humes WC testimony [text]). Also, the autopsy photographs (NSFW) show what may be a partial bullet hole in the skin around the trach incision, as noted in the 1968 Clark Panel report (ARRB MD 59 [text]) and the HSCA Medical Panel Report (HSCA Vol. 7, p. 93).
Numerous other witnesses indicated that a bullet passage in the throat was discussed on the night of the autopsy – including pallbearer George Barnum (Barnum's 11/29/1963 statement, 8/20/1979 interview by David S. Lifton, Best Evidence), Admiral/Dr. Calvin Galloway (Arlen Specter, report on 3/11/1964 interview [page 1] [page 2]; HSCA 180-10079-0460, HSCA report on 3/17/1978 interview with Galloway [text]), Jim SnydeRobert Richter of CBS (ARRB MD 16, 1/10/1967 CBS memo), mortician Tom Robinson (ARRB MD 63, HSCA interview, 1/12/1977 [text] [audio]; ARRB MD 180, ARRB report on 6/21/1996 interview), Lieutenant Richard Lipsey (HSCA interview, 1/18/1978 [transcript] [audio]; ARRB MD 87 [text]), and laboratory technician James Jenkins (9/23/1979 interview by David S. Lifton, Best Evidence; 4/6/1991 panel discussion [Video, 58:18]).
Neither FBI Agents, Sibert nor O'Neill, reported hearing any discussion of a bullet through the throat. But they would not have to be lying for their statements to make sense with the rest of the evidence. For instance, maybe the pathologists just didn't communicate with them enough. In the same room while the body was being examined, Sibert and O'Neill spent some time talking with Secret Service Agent Roy Kellerman, who sat in the front passenger seat of the Presidential Limousine. Sibert and O'Neill reported on Kellerman's claim that he literally heard Kennedy speaking after the first loud gunshot, exclaiming "Get me to a hospital" or "My God, I've been hit" (WC D 7, p. 3, report on first interview with Kellerman; WC D 7, p. 7, report on 11/27/1963 interview with Kellerman; ARRB MD 154, Specter report on 3/12/1964 interview with Sibert and O'Neill). If Sibert and O'Neill believed Kellerman, their memories could have been affected by the realization that Kennedy couldn't have been able to speak in that moment if he had just been wounded in the throat.
Dr. Boswell would question the reports from Sibert and O'Neill. As he was quoted in the Baltimore Sun, "Dr. Boswell said that, at the time, he paid no attention to the presence of the FBI agents but that he can only conclude that they either did not understand what later took place, or else left before the lung contusions were discovered" (Baltimore Sun, 11/25/1966, Pathologist Who Made Examination Defends Commission's Version; Says Pictures And Details Back Up Warren Report by Richard H. Levine [2nd print]). When interviewed on 10/2/1990 by Baltimore Police Officer Richard Waybright, Boswell said referring to the agents "...Well, they also misinterpreted a lot of things that they heard. They didn't know what they were listening to or talking about" (High Treason 2 by Harrison Livingstone, Chapter 8 [draft]). When interviewed on 3/30/1994 by researcher Gary Aguilar, Boswell said "...Well, what happened was that -- eh -- and this has caused -- and in fact -- the Secret Service and FBI people were never taken out -- were never out of the, eh, morgue. They stayed there the entire time and the telephone was right by my shoulder and those guys stayed on the telephone all the time. And they were causing an awful lot of distraction..." ([Transcript] [audio, partial]). Boswell also commented during his 2/26/1996 deposition to the ARRB:
Q. Dr. Boswell, I'd like to show you a document that's been marked Exhibit 44, which, for the record, is a report prepared by FBI Special Agents O'Neill and Sibert, dated November 27, 1963. Agents O'Neill and Sibert were at Bethesda on the night of the autopsy.
Dr. Boswell, I'd like to show you page 5, the paragraph beginning "On the basis of the latter two developments." Could you read that paragraph to yourself, please?
[Pause.]
BY MR. GUNN:
Q. Dr. Boswell, have you had an opportunity to read that?
A. Yes.
Q. Do you know who Agents O'Neill and Sibert were?
A. Yes.
Q. Did you ever talk to them?
A. No.
Q. Do you see anything in the paragraph that you just read that you now understand to be incorrect?
A. Yes.
Q. What is it that you understand to be incorrect in that paragraph?
A. Well, it's not totally incorrect. I'm sure he overheard us, while we were dissecting, making comments and discussion and so forth, and there was a time at which point we had seen the X-rays and were looking at the wounds and saw that there were no whole bullets left in the body. And one of the possibilities early in the investigation was that that bullet had gone in there and worked its way out or was still there or something. By X-ray it wasn't there, so it had to have gone someplace. And we had the bullet wound of entrance. We didn't yet have the bullet wound of exit. We had the tracheostomy wound in the front, but no other place. And so we were just contemplating whether that had gone in and had not come out until they had done some manipulation on him and that it might be on his stretcher or something.
Well, they did find a bullet on the stretcher, but not that one.
Q. So would it be fair to say that although Sibert and O'Neill's statement that the doctors believed that there may have been an entrance wound in the back and the bullet worked itself out during the course of treatment, that although that may have been speculation at one point during the autopsy, that was abandoned by the conclusion of the autopsy?
A. True. That's true.
Q. So this would be almost as if the agents were present at one point, they left the room, and that that was their conclusion based upon something that had occurred partway through the autopsy?
A. Yes. They were reporting this stuff by telephone at the time we were talking.
Q. Do you know to whom they were reporting it?
A. I have no idea.
It is also possible that further developments took place shortly after both agents already left the morgue. Showing this possibility will be the main focus from this point on.
According to handwritten notes from the FBI Laboratory's Robert Frazier, Sibert and O'Neill delivered bullet fragments to the Lab by 1:45 AM 11/23/1963 (Frazier, "History of Evidence"; FBI Lab. # PC-78243). Frazier repeated the "1:45 a.m." time in his 5/13/1964 testimony to the Warren Commission (WC Vol. 5, p. 58 [text]). A 11/23/1963 memo relaying information from Sibert and O'Neill was timestamped 2:00 AM (ARRB MD 149). A search on Google maps shows that it takes about an hour or more to drive from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland to the FBI Laboratory in Stafford County, Virginia. That's more than a 50 mile drive. Therefore, Sibert and O'Neill could not have stayed at Bethesda Hospital any later than around 12:30 AM.
Both Sibert and O'Neill claimed they waited until the autopsy was finished before leaving. But how sure can this be? This is how their 11/26/1963 FBI report described the closure of the body examination and the presence of the staff from Gawler's funeral home:
Major General WEHLE, Commanding Officer of U. S. Military District, Washington, D.C., entered the autopsy room to ascertain from the Secret Service arrangements concerning the transportation of the President’s body back to the White House. AMC CHESTER H. BOYERS, U. S. Navy, visited the autopsy room during the final stages of such to type receipts given by FBI and Secret Service for items obtained.
The receipt officially corresponding with the recovered bullet fragments is dated 11/22/1963.
At the termination of the autopsy, the following personnel from Gawler’s Funeral Home entered the autopsy room to prepare the President’s body for burial:
JOHN VAN HAESEN
EDWIN STROBLE
THOMAS ROBINSON
Mr. HAGEN
[...]
Also during the latter stages of the autopsy, a piece of the skull measuring 10 x 6.5 centimeters was brought to Dr. HUMES who was instructed that this had been removed from the President’s skull. Immediately this section of skull was X-Rayed, at which time it was determined by Dr. HUMES that one corner of this section revealed minute metal particles and inspection of this same area disclosed a chipping of the top portion of this piece, both of which indicated that this had been the point of exit of the bullet entering the skull region.
(WC D 7, p. 280)
According to a memo by the Warren Commission's assistant council Arlen Specter summarizing a 3/12/1964 interview with Sibert and O'Neill, both were asked "What time did the autopsy end?", and they replied "We do not recall", but answered "Yes" when asked "Could it have been between 12:00 midnight and 1:00 a.m.?". They were also asked "What time did Agent Sibert call Agent Killian at the FBI Laboratory?", to which they responded "Some time between 11:00 p. m., and 12:00 midnight" (ARRB MD 153).
By 1966, critics of the Warren Commission were questioning the medical evidence which was publicly available. The critics asked why the official autopsy protocol had a different set of conclusions than the report from Sibert and O'Neill. FBI spokesmen stated publicly that the report was "based on the medical evidence at that time" (Washington Post, 5/29/1966), "the FBI report was wrong when it said "there was no point of exit", "The FBI agents were not doctors, but were merely quoting doctors" (Los Angeles Times, 5/30/1966). The FBI monitored media coverage of the assassination, and individualized memos were created attempting to refute any popular material that discussed conspiracy. Two conspiracy-oriented books, Inquest: The Warren Commission and the Establishment of Truth by Edward Epstein, and Whitewash: The Report on the Warren Report by Harold Weisberg, were covered in a 5/29/1966 Washington Post article by Richard Harwood. Harwood wrote "...They have unearthed, for example, a five-volume report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, dated Dec. 9, 1963, that contains a "finding" which - had it been true - would almost certainly have led to the conclusion that Oswald had an accomplice in the assassination. This "finding" which now appears to have been completely erroneous was the product of an impulsive report by FBI agents a few hours after the President was killed. Although it was apparently based on little more than hearsay, it found its way into the Dec. 9 document" (Washington Post, 5/29/1966). A 6/2/1966 memo by FBI Agent Rex I. Shroder, addressed to the Bureau's Assistant Director Alex Rosen, defended Sibert and O'Neill's performance:
In connection with the "Washington Post" article on 5/29/1966 captioned "An Inquest: Skeptical Postscript to Warren Group's Report on Assassination," I talked to SA James W. Sibert, Hyattsville Resident Agency, today in order to determine the facts concerning statements set forth in this article.
[...]
SA Sibert and SA Francis X. O'Neill, Jr. were the two agents who were present during the autopsy. SA Sibert stated today that all of the information set forth in their FD-302 dated 11/26/1963 concerning the autopsy was obtained from Commander James J. Humes, Chief Pathologist, Bethesda Naval Hospital. None of the information obtained was hearsay.
SA Sibert also advises that either he or SA O'Neill were present at all times while the autopsy was being conducted. They were not, of course, present during subsequent consultations between the doctors, when the official autopsy report was submitted.
(ARRB MD 165)
On the same day, Alex Rosen addressed a memo to Cartha "Deke" Deloach, adviser to FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, reviewing this information and explaining how it could be reconciled with the official story:
[...]
DETAILS
An article appeared in "The Washington Post," on;5/29/66, Sunday Edition, under the byline of Richard Harwood, captioned "An Inquest: Skeptical Postscript to Warren Group's Report on Assassination." The article relates the President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy Report is now under attack by scholars and writers who believe the Commission's findings are marred by conjecture and by inconsistencies which the Commission was unable to resolve.
The article relates to grave doubts about the competence of the Commission's work which are raised in two new books on the assassination - "Whitewash" by Harold Weisberg and "Inquest" by Edward Epstein. The article revealed perhaps the greatest source of controversy and doubt over the integrity of the report in the minds of Weisberg and Epstein, was the unpublished FBI document which was a five-volume report from the FBI dated 12/9/63, that contains "a finding" which would almost certainly have led to the conclusion that Oswald had an accomplice in the assassination.
This report was located in the National Archives. The controversy arises in connection with the report that the bullet which wounded President Kennedy in the shoulder did not exit from his body and the supplemental report of the FBI on 1/13/64, indicated medical examination of the President's body indicated the bullet which entered the President's back had penetrated to a distance of less than a finger's length. Further, the article revealed that one of the bullets entered below the shoulder to the right of the spinal column at an angle of 45 to 60 degrees downward and that there was no point of exit and further the bullet was not in the body.
It was contended this statement is in direct contradiction to the official autopsy report from the Bethesda Naval Hospital written the last week in November, 1963, which indicated that the bullet which struck the President in the lower neck passed through his body and came out his throat. The article infers that the discrepancy between the FBI report and the autopsy report is crucial for the Commission's conclusion that Oswald acted alone is right only if the autopsy report is right and wrong if the FBI report is right.
The article continues, "If a bullet did not pass through President Kennedy's neck and cause Gov. Connolly’s wounds, a second assassin must have been involved.
"This is so because films of the assassination proved conclusively that Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Connally were wounded within a period of one-half second, at the minimum, and less than two seconds at the maximum.
"It was physically impossible for a sniper to fire two rounds in that flash of time from a bolt- action rifle of the type Oswald used. Thus, either Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Connally were struck by the same bullet or two men fired two nearly simultaneous bullets.”
There are no discrepancies in the Bureau’s reporting of this matter. Initially, a five-volume report relating to the assassination of President Kennedy was furnished to Chief Justice Warren on 12/9/63, followed by a supplemental report dated 1/13/64, These are the two reports which are purported to be in contention with the official autopsy report concerning President Kennedy.
It is specifically pointed out the President’s Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy Report clearly states that "of principal importance was the five-volume report of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, submitted on December 9, 1963, which summarized the results of the investigation conducted by the Bureau immediately after the assassination.”
The newspaper article indicated that our December, 1963 report revealed the bullet that wounded President Kennedy in the shoulder did not exit from his body. This, in substance, is true. Our 12/9/63, report states "Immediately after President Kennedy and Governor Connally were admitted to Parkland Memorial Hospital, a bullet was found on one of the stretchers (subsequently determined this bullet was found on Connally’s stretcher). Medical examination of the President’s body revealed that one of the bullets had entered just below his shoulder to the right of the spinal column at an angle of 45 to 60 degrees downward, that there was no point of exit, and that the bullet was not in the body. An examination of this bullet by the FBI Laboratory determined that it had been fired from the rifle owned by Oswald."
Our supplemental report dated 1/13/64, under "FBI Laboratory Examinations," concerned information relating to bullets used in the assassination of President Kennedy and the examination of the Presidents clothing concerning a small hole in the back of his coat and a slit appearing in the front of his shirt approximately 6 inches below the top of the collar and 2 inches to the right of the middle seam of the coat. Contained in this information was the comment "medical examination of the President’s body had revealed that the bullet which entered his back had penetrated to a distance of less than a finger length."
The confusion appears to exist around this comment as our examination of the President’s clothing indicated an entrance wound in his back and an exit wound in his shirt which had the characteristic of an exit hole for a projectile.
The initial findings of the doctors performing the autopsy of the President on 11/22/63, at the Bethesda Naval Hospital, were verbally made to two of our Agents who observed the autopsy. The doctors statement to our Agents appears in the report of SA Robert P. Gemberling dated 12/10/63, captioned "Lee Harvey Oswald, aka, " commencing on page 281 (105-82555, Section 12, Part II). It was reported the body of President Kennedy was X-rayed and photographed, which revealed a path of a missile which appeared to enter the back of the skull and the path of disintegrated fragments could be observed along the right side of the skull. During the latter stages of this autopsy Commander James J. Humes, Chief Pathologist, Bethesda Naval Hospital, who conducted the autopsy, located an opening which appeared to be a bullet hole, which was below the shoulders and two inches to the right of the middle line of the spinal column. This opening was probed by Dr. Humes with the finger, at which time it was determined the trajectory of the missile entering at this point had entered at a downward position of "45 to 60 degrees.” Further probing determined that the distance traveled by this missile was a short distance, inasmuch as the end of the opening could be felt with the finger by Dr. Humes. No bullet could be located in the back or any other area of the body as determined by total X-rays and inspection revealing there was no point of exit and the medical personnel performing the autopsy were at a loss to explain why they could find no bullets.
This information was telephonically furnished to the Bureau Laboratory,at which time a Laboratory Supervisor advised the Laboratory had received through Secret Service, information that a bullet had been found on a stretcher in the emergency room of the Parkland Hospital, Dallas, Texas. Immediately following the receipt of this information it was made available to Dr. Humes, who advised "that in his opinion this accounted for no bullet being located which had entered the back region and that since external cardiac massage had been performed at Parkland Hospital, it was entirely possible that through such movement the bullet had worked its way back out of the point of entry and had fallen on the stretcher."
Also during the latter stages of the autopsy a small piece of skull was furnished to Dr. Humes, who determined one corner of the section revealed minute metal particles. An inspection of this same area disclosed a chipping of the top portion of this piece, both of which indicated that this had been the point of exit of the bullet entering the skull.
On the basis of the developments. Dr. Humes at that time stated the pattern was clear that one bullet entered the President’s back and had worked its way out during external cardiac massage and that a second high velocity bullet entered the rear of the skull and had fragmentized prior to exit through the top of the skull. He, therefore, attributed the death of the President to a gunshot wound in the head.
It is to be pointed out that information relating to the official autopsy report of the President was not made public until the Commission's report was released on 9/24/64. In a memorandum Mr. Rosen to Mr. Belmont, 12/24/63, (62-109090-68) it is pointed out that the President’s family indicated a strong desire to keep the autopsy report as confidential as possible. It was recommended and approved that the copy of the autopsy report be maintained in Bureau files but that no further dissemination of it be made at that time.
The Commission specifically pointed out, when released, the autopsy examination further disclosed that the bullet after entering the President, passed between two large muscles. It bruised a portion of the right lung, ripped the windpipe (trachea) in its path through the President's neck. The surgeon concluded the wounds were caused by the bullet rather than the tracheotomy performed at Parkland Hospital. Further, doctors concluded the bullet exited from the front portion of the President’s neck that had been cut away by the tracheotomy.
Thereafter, when the conclusion was made the bullet passed through the President’s neck, the doctors at Bethesda Naval Hospital rejected the theory the bullet lodged in the large muscle in the back of the President’s neck and fell out through the point of entry when external heart massage was applied in the Parkland Hospital. The Commission clearly pointed out in the early stages of the autopsy the surgeons were unable to find a path into any large muscle in the back of the President’s neck and at that time they did not know there had been a bullet hole in the front of the President’s neck when he arrived at the Parkland Hospital because the tracheotomy insertion had completely eliminated that evidence.
When the surgeons learned of the location of the bullet this led to the speculation it might have penetrated a short distance and then dropped out as a result of external heart massage. Their further exploration during the autopsy disproved this theory. Dr, Humes, who believed the tracheotomy had been performed, based on his later observations, on the morning of 11/23/63, telephoned Dr. Malcolm O. Perry in Dallas, Texas, who was one of the attending physicians at Parkland Hospital, and learned that his assumption was correct that Dr. Perry had used the missile wound in the President’s neck as the point to make the incision; therefore confirming Dr. Humes conclusion that the bullet had exited from the front part of the President’s neck.
Based on these professional findings the President’s Commission arrived at its conclusion. It is obviously evident that the assumptions made by Weisberg and Epstein are inconclusive and erroneous, as they have extracted only those findings from the President’s Commission that would bolster their own theories and hypotheses which led to their conclusions.
It is further pointed out that they have attributed results of investigation to the FBI as all- conclusive rather than the fact that we reported only that information which was furnished to us by authoritative physicians, which was for the specific use of Chief Justice Warren, members of the President’s Commission and Attorney General Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, who at that time was the Deputy Attorney General.
The article further alleges that the Agents attending the autopsy obtained their information based on hearsay and that the Agents left the autopsy before the doctors had completed their examination. Both statements are false. Our Agents obtained their information from the head pathologist and remained in the autopsy room until the physical examination was completed.
(ARRB MD 166)
On 6/29/1966, Sibert and O'Neill themselves wrote a memo reaffirming some of these points:
RAUPACH also questioned as to whether or not the measurements as set forth in FD 302s submitted by SAs SIBERT and O'NEILL had actually been measurements furnished by the Pathologists or had been represented conclusions reached by the Agents. He was informed that all figures set forth in such FD 302 had been obtained from the Pathologist Performing the autopsy.
Later in the week a telephone call was received from the Bureau supervisor FLETCHER THOMPSON, who advised that he had additional questions pertaining to captioned matter and stated that he desired to know whether or not at least one agent was present in the autopsy room during the time that the autopsy was in progress and until it was completed. He was advised that such was the case and that if one agent was out of the room it was understood and followed that the other agent was present at all times and that at no time were both agents out of this room from the time that the autopsy began until it was terminated.
[...]
ASAC McDERMOTT further inquired whether at any time both SA SIBERT or SA O’NEILL were out of the autopsy room. He was advised that at no time did SAs SIBERT and O’NEILL leave the autopsy room together. At all times during the course of the autopsy one of the agents was present.
[...]
Mr. McDERMOTT further was advised that the agents assisted in carrying in the Presidential casket into the autopsy room and were present in attendance at all times until the autopsy was complete and the morticians were preparing the body for burial.
(ARRB MD 157)
NEXT - Part 22.2
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2019.11.05 07:18 JFK_Megaposts Discussing JFK's torso wounds, Part 16.1: Subsequent statements of Humes and Boswell

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Subsequent statements of Humes and Boswell
Lead autopsy pathologist Dr. James Humes testified to the Warren Commission on 3/16/1964, while in the presence of his two assistants Dr. J. Thornton Boswell and Dr. Pierre Finck. Boswell's "testimony" is only one page long and consists of the Commission's assistant council Arlen Specter asking him if he agreed with everything Humes had just said (WC Vol. 2, p. 376 [text]). When Specter interviewed Humes, Boswell, and Admiral Galloway on 3/11/1964, the meeting was only summarized in a short memo (Specter, Interview of Autopsy Surgeons [page 1] [page 2]).
On 11/25/1966, an exclusive interview with Dr. Boswell appeared in the Baltimore Sun. Boswell stated that there was "absolutely no doubt that the controversial neck and throat wound were caused by a bullet that entered the base of President Kennedy's neck, passed completely through the neck and exited from the throat". But his judgement comes into question when the article goes on to say "Dr. Boswell said the autopsy was routine in every respect, and that it included every activity which would accompany a medical-legal autopsy". Dr. Finck, on the other hand, openly acknowledged that their performance was inadequate (Shaw trial testimony, 2/24-25/1969 [text]). As judged by the Forensic Pathology Panel of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, the body examination did not meet any credible standard for a complete forensic autopsy (HSCA Vol. 7, p. 181, 3/29/1979, Part IV. Critique of the earlier examination, with presentation of suggested procedures to be followed in performing an investigation and examination on the remains of a gunshot victim [text]).
Boswell described a period of time when the doctors realized for themselves there was a bullet passage at the tracheotomy site, before Humes was told so over the phone by Parkland Hospital's Dr. Malcolm Perry. Boswell claimed that this realization happened when they saw internal bruising upon opening the chest. He also said that Sibert and O'Neill were wrong in their reports relaying the theory of a shallow back wound without an exit. In Boswell's words, the later phone call between Humes and Perry just confirmed what they already knew.
The Baltimore Sun article reads:
He said the general physical condition of the President as well as the wounds, was noted in detail with microscopic slides and tissue specimens collected for further examination.
Among the slides, he said, were those of tissue at the neck wound which indicated, by the presence of foreign substances such as fiber particles, that the wound was one of entrance.
There was no mention in the autopsy reports of these slides of the wound, and Dr. Boswell could not explain why.
(Nobody else from the autopsy mentioned cloth fibers being identified on the skin)
Dr. Boswell said that the President's body was subjected to a thorough examination. All marks and scars, were noted, including old surgical scars and surgical cuts made that day by Dallas doctors trying to save his life.
The pathologists had already been told of the probable extent of the injuries and what had been done by physicians in Dallas.
[...]
Wound Not Evident
The wound in the throat was not immediately evident at the autopsy, Dr. Boswell said, because of the tracheotomy performed in Dallas.
He said the wound in the back of the neck was noticed when the body was turned over. It was a new discovery.
According to the Warren Commission testimony, Dallas physicians did not make a thorough examination of the President at first because of the evident seriousness of the massive head wound and the necessity of immediate emergency procedures.
They believed the throat wound was an entrance wound and never did turn the body over to look for back wounds, even after the President died.
Dr. Boswell said that the tracheotomy incision was examined and extensive trauma was noted on one side.
When the wound in the back of the neck was discovered and probed, by finger and by metal surgical probe, no bullet could be located.
He said that the probing was to a depth of about 4 or 5 centimeters.
Complete X-Rays
At this point, according to Dr. Boswell, complete x-rays of the entire body were ordered in an effort to locate the bullet.
Dr. Boswell recalled that either he or one of the other pathologists made a remark to the effect that the bullet might have worked its way back out of the entrance wound.
"This was a very transient thought," he said, adding that he had never seen a case in which this had happened and therefore did not give this possibility much weight.
What was more probable, he said, was the possibility of the bullet’s being in some remote area of the body.
He said that medical literature recounts many examples of wildly erratic paths taken by bullets that ricochet through the body, glancing from bones and slipping along muscle planes.
As an example, he mentioned a case he examined where a bullet that entered the victim’s chest was located in a lower leg.
The doctor said that retrieval of bullets, as well as the determination of their paths, is extremely important in all forensic autopsies because of the legal necessity of linking wounds, bullets, weapons and assailants.
Dr. Boswell said the x-rays were immediately examined by all three pathologists as well as by the radiologist who took them.
He said the presence of bullets in an x-ray is unmistakable because of the capacity of metal to block the rays.
He said there was no bullet in the body, although "minute particles" could be discerned the head.
Dr. Boswell said he is "absolutely" convinced that all of these particles came from the bullet that struck the President’s head.
Bullet In Stretcher
Around this time, according to the FBI report, the FBI observers informed Dr. Humes that a bullet had been recovered from a stretcher in the Dallas hospital.
Dr. Boswell said that the autopsy was resumed after the examination of the x-rays, the pathologists assuming that, unlikely as it seemed, the bullet had exited from the same hole it entered.
He said that the autopsy proceeded routinely. According to the autopsy report, and confirmed by Dr. Boswell, the internal examination revealed a bruise in the apex, or uppermost tip, of the right lung.
There was also a bruise of the parietal, pleura, the membrane that lines the lung cage.
Dr. Boswell said be and his colleagues decided that the bullet had not made a superficial wound after all, but had passed above the area of the bruise.
He said that neither the parietal pleura nor the lung cage were disrupted, indicating that the lung cage had not been pierced.
"We concluded that night that the bullet had, in fact, entered in the back of the neck, traversed the neck and exited anteriorly," Dr. Boswell said.
He said that a telephone call made to the hospital in Dallas by Dr. Humes the following morning merely confirmed what was already a certainty to the pathologists - that there was a bullet wound in the President's neck at the point of the tracheotomy incision.
Dr. Boswell said it was impossible to determine during autopsy if the throat wound was one of entry or exit because of the incision.
Determination Unnecessary
This determination was unnecessary, he said, since the wound in the back of the neck was determined by observation and microscopic examination one of entry, and because the path of the bullet was determined by the bruise marks in marks in the lung area.
[...]
The FBI account of the autopsy is dated November 26, four days after the examination.
It refers to a back wound, but this, according to Dr. Boswell, can be a laymen's observation of an area just below the shoulder line that, to a physician, is still the neck region.
Mote disturbingly, it recounts the incident during which the exit wound was undiscovered and leaves, unchanged, a statement in which Dr. Humes concluded the bullet had worked itself cut of the same hole it had entered.
Story Left Unchanged
Dr. Boswell said that, at the time, he paid no attention to the presence of the FBI agents but that he can only conclude that they either did not understand what later took place, or else left before the lung contusions were discovered.
(Baltimore Sun, 11/25/1966, Pathologist Who Made Examination Defends Commission's Version; Says Pictures And Details Back Up Warren Report by Richard H. Levine [2nd print])
On 1/11/1967, Boswell talked to researcher Josiah Thompson. Thompson wrote: "I asked Commander Humes's assistant, Commander J. Thornton Boswell, about Humes's inserting his finger in the President's back wound and feeling its end. Boswell told me that this was correct and that, in fact, all three doctors had probed this wound with their fingers up to the first or second knuckle—a penetration of 1 to 2 inches.7 Boswell also indicated that the back wound had been examined with a metal probe—a thin piece of stiff wire some eight inches long with a knob on the end" (Six Seconds in Dallas by Josiah Thompson, III. The First Shot, The Back Wound).
On 8/17/1977, Boswell was interviewed by the House Select Committee on Assassinations. As reported:
DR. BOSWELL indicated that regarding the tracheostomy, the doctors "...thought it was a wound." He meant to convey the impression that the doctors thought it was a bullet wound. (This becomes potentially significant in later stages of the interview.)
[...]
DR BOSWELL indicated that "...we had gotten ourselves in dutch with the neck and throat wounds with regard to the Secret Service." DR. BOSWELL indicated that one of the agents (he wasn't sure if FBI or Secret Service) was on the phone most of the time. (He seemed to be implying they were on the phone that was in the main autopsy room.)
[...]
Dr. Boswell said the autopsy doctors assumed that the anterior neck wound was a wound of exit, saying that hole is not that big and that it was "...far bigger that wound of entry." He said the doctors didn't explicitly discuss the possibility of a tracheotomy having been performed but said it was assumed that this was a possibility. He said Parkland did not really do a tracheotomy in the sense that they never inserted a tube. (See notes on interview with Dr. Perry.) Dr. Boswell said that if a full autopsy had been performed they would have removed the trachea. Dr. Boswell said he remembered seeing part of the perimeter of a bullet wound in the anterior neck.
Boswell then seemed to change his story in mid-interview:
Dr. BOSWELL was asked why the back wound was probed if the autopsy doctors knew the bullet had exited out the anterior neck (as Dr. BOSWELL stated earlier in the interview). Dr. BOSWELL said that Dr. BURKLEY didn't mention the fact that a tracheotomy had been performed. He said that Dr. BURKLEY was very upset and this might have explained his failure to mention this important fact. Dr. BOSWELL said (without indicating that he was being inconsistent with his previous statement), the doctors felt anterior neck damage was caused by a tracheotomy wound and in the later courses of the autopsy thought it may have included the exist wound of a bullet. He said the x-rays were examined during the autopsy in trying to accomplish what they saw as their main purpose, namely to look for a bullet. Dr. BOSWELL is a little vague as to when the doctors felt that a bullet may have fallen out the neck wound, but seemed to indicate it occurred around the time they learned the bullet had been discovered in Parkland and prior to the time when they began to feel there was a very real possibility of an exit wound in the anterior neck.
(ARRB MD 26, Boswell-Purdy HSCA Interview (8/17/77) [text])
In this report, neither version of Boswell's story match the explanation given by Dr. Finck. If Boswell tried to say that "he remembered seeing part of the perimeter of a bullet wound in the anterior neck", then why wasn't this mentioned by anybody else from the autopsy? Finck specified the opposite, that he examined the trach incision and didn't notice any sign of a gunshot:: "I examined the tracheotomy skin wound and the trachea and did not find evidence of a bullet wound", "The tracheotomy wound was examined by the three prosectors. None of us noticed a bullet wound along its course" (ARRB MD 28, Reports From LtCol Finck to Gen. Blumberg (1/25/65 and 2/1/65)); "I examined this wound made by a surgeon, it is very commonly found in unconscious patients, the incision is made to allow them to breathe. I did not see a wound of exit at that time...", "I examined the surgical incision, but I don't recall seeing the small wound described by the Dallas surgeons. It was part of the surgical incision and I didn't see it" (Shaw trial testimony, 2/24-25/1969 [text]).
On 9/16/1977, the HSCA interviewed Humes and Boswell together. Over thirteen years after the event, Humes finally gave his version of a solid timeline for his phone call with Dr. Perry. He stated that after the body was prepared for burial, he left Bethesda Hospital, went home, went to a religious function with his family, then returned back to the hospital – perhaps meeting with Boswell - and only then did he call Perry, at "...11 in the morning, perhaps 10:30, something like that...".
Dr. HUMES. No; the only extra piece of bone brought to us then--that was contained in the casket that brought the President to us--was a piece of bone that was brought to us later on that evening; and the time, as you imagine, I wouldn't wish to guess, but I would have guessed it was midnight or 1 o'clock in the morning, Jay, something like that.
[...]
Dr. BADEN. [...] in further discussing the exit perforation through the tracheotomy, did you have occasion to explore in the neck area beyond what is in the protocol, beyond what the description was? As to what was injured?
Dr. HUMES. Well, the trachea, I think we described the irregular or jagged wound of the trachea, and then we described a contusion in the apex of the lung and the inferior surface of the dome of the right pleural cavity, and that's one photograph that we were distressed not to find when we first went through and catalogued these photographs, because I distinctly recall going to great lengths to try and get the interior upper portion of the right thorax illuminated-you know the technical difficulties with that, getting the camera positioned and so forth, and what happened to that film, I don't know. There were a couple films that apparently had been exposed to light or whatever and then developed, but we never saw that photograph.
Dr. BADEN. From the time you first examined them, that particular photograph was never seen?
Dr. HUMES. Never available to us, but we thought it coincided very neatly with the path that ultimately we felt that that missile took.
[...]
Dr. HUMES. Having completed the examination and remaining to assist the morticians in the preparation of the body, we did not leave the autopsy room until 5:30 or 6 in the morning. It was clearly obvious that a committee could not write the report. I had another commitment for that morning, a little later, a religious commitment with one of my children. And so I went home and took care of that, slept for several hours until about 6 in the evening of the day after, and then sat down and wrote the report that's sitting before you now myself, my own version of it, without any input other than the discussions that we thought that we had had, Dr. Boswell, Dr. Finck and myself. I thus returned that morning and looked at what I had written--now wait, I'm a day ahead of myself---Saturday morning we discussed--
Dr. BOSWELL. Saturday morning we got together and we called Dallas.
Dr. HUMES. We called Dallas. See, we were at a loss because we hadn't appreciated the exit wound in the neck, we had been-- I have to go back a little bit. I think for your edification. There were four times as many people in the room most of the time as there are in this room at this moment, including the physician to the President, the Surgeon General of the Navy, the Commanding Officer of the Naval Medical Center, the Commanding Officer of the Naval Medical School, the Army, Navy, and Air Force aides to the President of the United States at one time or another, the Secret Service, the FBI and countless nondescript people who were unknown to me. Mistake No. 1. So, there was considerable confusion. So we went home. I took care of this obligation that I had. To refresh my mind, we met together around noon on Saturday, 11 in the morning, perhaps 10:30, something like that and---
Dr. BADEN. Now this is the day after?
Dr. HUMES. The day after, within 6 or 8 hours of having completed the examination, assisting Waller's and so forth for the preparation of the President's remains. We got together and discussed our problem. We said we've got to talk to the people in Dallas. We should have talked to them the night before, but there was no way we could get out of the room. You'd have to understand that situation, that hysterical situation that existed. How we kept our wits about us as well as we did is amazing to me. I don't know how we managed as poorly or as well as we did under the circumstances. So I called Dr. Perry. Took me a little while to reach him. We had a very nice conversation on the phone in which he described a missile wound, what he interpreted as a missile wound, in the midline of the neck through which he had created a very quick emergency, as you can see from the photographs, tracheotomy incision effect destroying its value to us and obscuring it very gorgeously for us. Well, of course, the minute he said that to me, lights went on, and we said ah, we have some place for our missile to have gone. And then, of course, I asked him, much to my amazement, had he or any other physician in attendance upon the President. examined the back of the patient, his neck, or his shoulder. They said no, the patient had never been moved from his back while they were administering to him. So, the confusion that existed from some of his comments and the comments of other standby people in the emergency room in Dallas had been in the news media and elsewhere, so that added to the confusion. So, following that, and that discussion, and we having a meeting of minds as to generally what was necessary to be accomplished, and being informed by the various people in authority that our gross report should be delivered to the White House physician no later than Sunday evening, the next day, 24 hours later, or not quite 24 hours later. Not having slept for about 48 hours, I went home and rested from noon until 8 or 10 that evening, Saturday evening, and then I sat down in front of other notes on which I had made minor comments, handwritten notes.
I wrote the report which is present here. [...]
[...]
Dr. BADEN. Now, for example, not exploring the wound from the back to the neck, that was not done. I mean, cutting it open completely, that wasn't done specifically. Was that because somebody said don't do it?
Dr. HUMES. Now wait a minute, that wound was excised.
Dr. BADEN. The back wound?
Dr. HUMES. Yes, sir. The back of the neck, and there are microscopic slides of that wound.
Dr. BADEN. I see. The skin was taken out. And then was
Dr. HUMES. It was probed.
Dr. BADEN. Was it opened up?
Dr. HUMES. It was not laid open.
Dr. BADEN. Now, that was your decision as opposed to somebody else's decision?
Dr. HUMES. Yes, it was mine.
Dr. BADEN. With everything else going on at the time?
Dr. HUMES. Yes. Our collective decisions, I suppose.
Dr. BOSWELL. We had exhibited the midportion of the track and the chest by that time, and demonstrated the contusion on the apex of the lung and subpleurally, and we had at that point two points of the would and then subsequently the wound of exit.
Dr. Humes. Pretty good course.
Dr. BADEN. The track definitely did not go through the pulmonary tissue?
Dr. HUMES. Negative.
Dr. BOSWELL. No.
Dr. HUMES. There was a contusion of the dome of the right side of the thorax and a contusion, as Dr. Boswell said, a retropleural contusion, and it was a contusion of the upper lobe of the lung.
(HSCA Vol. 7, p. 243 [text] [audio])
From Humes' 9/7/1978 testimony to the HSCA:
Mr. CORNWELL. About what time of the night was the autopsy finally concluded?
Dr. HUMES. Oh, I would estimate around midnight.
[...]
Mr. CORNWELL. After it was over, what did you do next?
Dr. HUMES. We stayed to assist the morticians and their associates to prepare the President's body.
Mr. CORNWELL. How many hours did that take?
Dr. HUMES. Until about 5 o'clock in the morning.
Mr. CORNWELL. Then, what did you do?
Dr. HUMES. After the President's body was removed, half an hour or so later, I went home.
Mr. CORNWELL. Did you get any sleep?
Dr. HUMES. Not too much. I had to take one of my children to a religious function that morning, but then I returned and made some phone calls and got hold of the people in Dallas, which was unavailable to us during the course of the examination, as you heard from Dr. Baden, and I couldn't agree more with the apparent findings of his panel as to problems that we had had and hoped they would never be repeated, and spoke with Dr. Perry and learned of the wound in the front of the neck and things became a lot more obvious to us as to what had occurred.
Mr. CORNWELL. And you finally began to write the autopsy report at what time?
Dr. HUMES. It was decided that three people couldn't write the report simultaneously, so I assumed the responsibility for writing the report, which I began about 11 o'clock in the evening of Saturday, November 23, having wrestled with it for 4 or 5, 6 hours in the afternoon, and worked on it until 3 or 4 o'clock in the morning of Sunday, the 24th.
[...]
Chairman Stokes. Dr. Humes, under the rules of our committee, any witness may have 5 minutes in which to explain or in any way expand upon his testimony before our committee. I extend to you at this time such time as you so desire.
Dr. HUMES. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. I certainly don't choose to avail myself of 5 minutes. Having heard most of what Dr. Baden said, and the findings of his committee on forensic pathologists, I think the committee was very well advised to gather such a distinguished group. I wish I had had the availability of that many people and that much time to reach the conclusions that I and my associates were forced to reach in approximately 36 hours. I hope that the committee, in its wisdom, will make recommendations to appropriate authorities to preclude such a difficulty in the future. I would say that our testimony--and my associates and I are quite elated, in fact, that the findings, to the best of my knowledge, the substantive findings of all the various panels that have examined these materials in such great detail, are in basic accordance with what we originally ascertained to be the situation. We are pleased by that. Our testimony before the Warren Commission, is quite lengthy, as I am sure some of the committee members are aware. However, I feel it also was hampered by our inability, No. 1 to never have seen, after about midnight of that night, the X-rays, to never have seen at any time until a year or two after the Warren Commission the photographs which we made. I think had we had those opportunities, some of the confusion and difficulties which seem to have arisen might not have arisen. I will be pleased to answer any other questions from you, sir, or any other members of the committee.
(HSCA Vol. 1, p. 323 [text])
On 10/2/1990, Boswell was interviewed by Baltimore Police Officer Richard Waybright. As summarized in the book High Treason 2 by Harrison Livingstone, "...Waybright also pointed out that Boswell indicated that they were not permitted to track the wounds, but that they probed the back wound briefly and it led toward the throat. He admitted that they were unaware of the throat bullet wound until the next day when Humes spoke to Dr. Malcolm Perry in Dallas on the telephone" (Livingstone, High Treason 2, 1992, Chapter 8 [draft])
Humes and Boswell were interviewed for a 5/27/1992 article in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Here, the phone call to Dr. Perry was estimated to happen at 7:30 AM.
[...] Unfortunately, at the time of the autopsy, the tracheostomy performed on the President at Dallas in an attempt to save his live obliterated the exit wound through the front of his neck near the Adam's apple. Soft-tissue wounds are much more iffy than bone wounds, but there is no doubt from whence come to those bullets - from rear to front from a high-velocity rifle."
[...]
'Time to quit speculating'
"The tracheostomy was a gaping wound, about 3 to 4 centimeters around, and we didn't think of it as an exit wound. We also noticed that the Dallas doctors had tried to place chest tubes in the front of the President's chest, but the tubes had not gone in and we found no in crease of blood or fluid in the pleural cavity. There was a contusion of the extreme apical portion of the right upper lobe of the lung, but no laceration. We also noted damage to the neck muscles, trachea, and pleura, but there was no bullet. It was bothering me very greatly, like nothing you can imagine, that we could find neither the second bullet nor its exit track. 'J' and I both knew that bullets can do funny things in the body, and we thought it might have been deflected down to the extremities. We x-rayed the entire body, but did not find a bullet." The autopsy was also criticized because the pathologists did not dissect the President's neck to track the second bullet. Humes says bluntly, "Dissecting the neck was totally unnecessary and would have been criminal."
"By midnight, we decided it was time to quit speculating about the second bullet, and I am very comfortable with this decision. It is true that we were influenced by the fact that we knew Jackie Kennedy was waiting upstairs to accompany the body to the White House and that Admiral Burkley wanted us to hurry as much as possible. By midnight, our task was done - it was perfectly obvious what had killed the man. The second bullet was important, but not of overriding importance. We knew we would find the explanation sooner or later."
The explanation came sooner, the next morning at 7:30 when Humes Dallas to talk to Dr. Malcolm Perry, the surgeon who had performed the tracheostomy. "The light came on when I talked to Dr. Perry," Humes says. "Of course, the bullet had exited through the neck." [...]
(JAMA, 5/27/1992, JFK's death - the plain truth from the MDs who did the autopsy [text])
Even though Humes said "Dissecting the neck was totally unnecessary and would have been criminal", his assistant, forensic pathologist Dr. Finck, admitted that their examination would not be considered a "complete" autopsy by the standards of the American Board Of Pathology, for the very reason that the wounds were not dissected (Shaw trial testimony, 2/24-2/25/1969 [text]; Resident and Staff Physician, 5/1972, Observations based on a review of the autopsy photographs, x-rays, and related materials of the late President John F. Kennedy by John K. Lattimer).
On 3/30/1994, Boswell was interviewed by researcher Gary Aguilar:
JB: [...] "Well, what happened was that -- eh -- and this has caused -- and in fact -- the Secret Service and FBI people were never taken out -- were never out of the, eh, morgue. They stayed there the entire time and the telephone was right by my shoulder and those guys stayed on the telephone all the time. And they were causing an awful lot of distraction. But anyway, eh, what happened was that -- eh -- we probed that wound and considered opening it actually to -- eh -- eh, demonstrate the entire length of it and so forth. And then, when we got into the chest and into the neck, we found the entire tract, it was external to the pleura. It did not go into the -- the chest cavity. But it was right at the apex of the chest cavity, and right along it, and it went from superior to inferior, back to front. And, eh, by the time that we had demonstrated, eh, at the end of the autopsy, eh, we felt it was not necessary to open the tract up, or to probe further or that sort of thing. We were perfectly well satisfied about the course of that wound."
GA: Did Humes speak to anybody in Dallas on the phone that night?
JB: "Not that night -- early the next morning."
([Transcript] [audio, partial])
NEXT - Part 16.2
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2019.10.15 22:21 ILikeNeurons Today is the 2 yr anniversary of #metoo. Let's review consent, and teach it to our kids.

It's important to understand sexual consent because sexual activity without consent is sexual assault. Before you flip out about how "everyone knows what consent is," that is absolutely not correct! Some (in fact, many) people are legit confused about what constitutes consent, such as this teenager who admitted he would ass-rape a girl because he learned from porn that girls like anal sex (overwhelmingly not true, in addition to being irrelevant), or this ostensibly well-meaning college kid who put his friend at STI risk after assuming she was just vying for a relationship when she said no, or this guy from the "ask a rapist thread" who couldn't understand why a sex-positive girl would not have sex with him, or this guy who seemed to think that because a woman was a submissive that meant he could dominate her, or this 'comedian' who haplessly made a public rape confession in the form of a comedy monologue. In fact, researchers have found that in acquaintance rape--one of the most common types of rape--perpetrators tend to see their behavior as seduction, not rape, or they somehow believe the rape justified.
Yet sexual assault is a tractable problem. Offenders often rationalize their behavior by whether society will let them get away with it, and the more the rest us confidently understand consent the better advocates we can be for what's right. And yes, a little knowledge can actually reduce the incidence of sexual violence.
So, without further ado, the following are common misconceptions about sexual consent:
If all of this seems obvious, ask yourself how many of these key points were missed in popular analyses of this viral news article.
Anyone can be the victim of sexual violence, and anyone can be a perpetrator. Most of the research focuses on male perpetrators with female victims, because that is by far the most common, making it both the easiest to study and the most impactful to understand.
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2019.10.15 15:07 ILikeNeurons Today is the two-year anniversary of #metoo. Talk to your kids and make sure they don't harbor any misconceptions about consent

Some (in fact, many) people are legit confused about what constitutes consent, such as this teenager who admitted he would ass-rape a girl because he learned from porn that girls like anal sex (overwhelmingly not true, in addition to being irrelevant), or this ostensibly well-meaning college kid who put his friend at STI risk after assuming she was just vying for a relationship when she said no, or this guy from the "ask a rapist thread" who couldn't understand why a sex-positive girl would not have sex with him, or this guy who seemed to think that because a woman was a submissive that meant he could dominate her, or this 'comedian' who haplessly made a public rape confession in the form of a comedy monologue. In fact, researchers have found that in acquaintance rape--one of the most common types of rape--perpetrators tend to see their behavior as seduction, not rape, or they somehow believe the rape justified.
Yet sexual assault is a tractable problem. Offenders often rationalize their behavior by whether society will let them get away with it, and the more the rest us confidently understand consent the better advocates we can be for what's right. And yes, a little knowledge can actually reduce the incidence of sexual violence.
So, without further ado, the following are common misconceptions about sexual consent:
If all of this seems obvious, ask yourself how many of these key points were missed in popular analyses of this viral news article.
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2019.09.20 21:10 cognacnchill New data: 1 of 7 adults in NOLA have a warrant out for their arrest

SOURCE
One in 7 adults in New Orleans have a warrant out for their arrest, new data shows.
It's Monday morning in the Municipal and Traffic Court of New Orleans — misdemeanor rush hour in a city that traffics more heavily than most in public drunkenness and disturbing the peace.
Fifty-two arrestees, outfitted in orange and maroon jumpsuits, await their first appearance before a judge. Most are black. All require a public defender. And more than half of them are here, their hands chained against their stomachs, because they missed a court date for a minor crime, triggering an arrest warrant.
Lauren Anderson, a public defender and attorney supervisor for Municipal Court, is furious as she looks over a list of their names. “It doesn’t make any sense,” she says. “We’re not making the city any safer. We’re only hurting these people, and we just keep doing it over and over. It’s infuriating.”
There are more than 56,000 outstanding warrants in New Orleans’s Municipal Court, dating to 2002, according to city data. A staggering 1 of 7 adults in the country’s 50th-largest city have a warrant out for their arrest.
Typically, the crime is failing to appear for scheduled court dates for minor, nonviolent offenses that do not carry a jail sentence, including panhandling and fishing without a license. (Two notable exceptions are battery and domestic abuse, which account for roughly 6 percent of all the warrants.) Anderson characterizes most of them as old nuisance crimes bogging down an already overburdened criminal justice system.
Now, a coalition of elected officials, local civil rights organizations such as Stand With Dignity and the public defender’s office is proposing a more permanent solution — wiping out nearly all 56,000 warrants, in addition to any debt accumulated from fines and fees.
If successful, New Orleans would be at the forefront of a growing movement to curb the use of warrants and the threat of arrest when the underlying charge might be little more than public intoxication. Only two cities — Ferguson, Mo., and San Francisco — and the state of New Jersey have attempted anything similar, according to the Fines and Fees Justice Center in New York.
“We need to consider all the damage this has caused and the psychological trauma it continues to impose on the minds and hearts and confidences of 14 percent of our population,” said City Council member Jason Williams. “This is New Orleans’s working poor. This is the hospitality community, musicians. These are people who are some of the reasons why people come to New Orleans in the first place.”
* * *
Williams will introduce a resolution at the council’s meeting Wednesday calling for the dismissal of all warrants and charges associated with crimes of poverty and homelessness, such as obstruction of a public passageway and trespassing. These account for more than 40 percent of warrants. San Francisco’s criminal courts implemented a similar strategy in 2016, and in July, Los Angeles Police Chief Michel Moore announced interest in it.
Williams will also call for the clearing of warrants issued post-conviction, which are most likely to be tied to someone’s inability to pay fines or fees. And he will ask the city to forgive all of the associated debt.
This is not just a “benevolent gift” to those residents affected, Williams said, but good financial sense. It costs about $2.7 million a year to staff a 40-person quad in the jail, he said. That is about the same number of people incarcerated on a daily basis for municipal warrants and misdemeanors.
Clearing a large chunk of the outstanding warrants would require buy-in from the city attorney’s office, which Williams is working to secure. Mayor LaToya Cantrell has yet to weigh in on any specific proposals and declined an interview request.
Her administration said in a statement that it is open to finding “creative ways to help individuals address outstanding warrants,” while adding that it is “important to note that some of the burden rests on the individuals who are charged with Municipal and Traffic offenses. We urge everyone to show up for their court hearings and comply with court orders.”
Not everyone is on board with eradicating every outstanding warrant. Paul Sens, chief judge of the Municipal Court, said he prides himself on operating “one of the most progressive courts in the United States,” but he worries that blanket amnesty would send the wrong message.
“There are a lot of people who come into this court and do what’s expected of them,” Sens said. “So why did this guy who’s got 20 cases and $5,000 worth of fines get his wiped out and they didn’t? It’s a balancing act you have to do.”
Sens also said that people should not fear being the subject of a warrant, because he requires an arrest only for missed court dates associated with domestic violence or driving while intoxicated. For nearly 80 percent of warrants, officers decide whether to arrest the individual.
“The police are given wide discretion, so this is not something that’s really hanging over people’s heads,” Sens said.
Bill Quigley, director of the law clinic at Loyola University, said that provides little comfort to the black citizens of New Orleans, who are more likely to have frequent and unpleasant encounters with the police.
“Things that are discretionary in the criminal justice system in New Orleans are always exercised at the expense of people of color and people without economic resources,” Quigley said. “Not so much if you’re a white law professor at Loyola.”
The New Orleans Police Department declined an interview request but provided the following statement: “Once a warrant is verified, an officer has no discretion regarding taking that individual into custody.”
* * *
Questions about municipal warrants and their impact on public safety intensified after Michael Brown was shot to death by a police officer in 2014 in Ferguson. A subsequent Justice Department investigation of the city’s police department found that more than 16,000 people had outstanding municipal warrants in a city of 21,000 people.
Those warrants were “almost exclusively” used as a threat to generate revenue from poor, black communities through fines and fees, which they could not afford to pay, according to the Justice Department report. Five months later, Ferguson Municipal Court Judge Donald McCullin recalled all warrants issued in the city before Dec. 31, 2014, which amounted to nearly 10,000.
A similar ruling was issued in January by the chief justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, who dismissed nearly 800,000 outstanding municipal cases.
Lisa Foster, co-director of the Fines and Fees Justice Center in New York, worked for the Justice Department at the time of the Ferguson report. She said that most people miss court because they simply forget, do not have reliable transportation or child care, or cannot afford to miss work. And many are unable to pay their fines, so they stay away out of fear they will be arrested.
“We criminalized a lot of conduct over the last few decades that we may want to go back and think about,” Foster said. “We also know everybody speeds sometimes or rolls through a stop sign, but who gets caught tends to be people where there are a lot of police. And that’s overwhelmingly communities of color.”
Kelly Orians, co-director of the First 72+ nonprofit in New Orleans, which provides legal services and case management to people returning from prison, said she sees this issue play out nearly every day.
One of her clients, Kendell Morgan, 33, was pulled over in February for a broken taillight. The officer ran his name, saw he had an outstanding warrant in St. Charles Parish for a $219 speeding ticket and arrested him. Morgan was held in the New Orleans jail for seven days, then extradited to the St. Charles Parish jail. He was released only after his wife scraped together enough money to pay the ticket.
Morgan, who was employed as a restaurant manager at the time, was fired a short time later, having missed more than a week of work.
“They started looking at me different,” he said of his employer. “I was a different person to them.”
To Orians, it doesn’t make sense. The city is expending scarce resources, and the threat of incarceration leaves a large, vulnerable segment of the city’s population in fear of chance encounters with the police, she said.
“I’ve had two incidents where people called the police when they were a victim of a crime — one had a scooter stolen, one saw people popping door handles — and both were arrested when the police arrived because they had attachments,” Orians said, referring to warrants. “You think they are going to call the police again?”
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